Visa policy of Thailand

Visitors to Thailand must obtain a visa from one of the Thai diplomatic missions unless they come from a visa-exempt country or a country whose citizens are eligible to obtain visas on arrival/eVisa.[1][2]

Thailand Visa issued to a national of Iran.

Thailand currently offers visa-free travel to nationals of 64 countries and territories.[1] The Thai government maintains bilateral agreements on visa waivers with some of these countries. Nationals of 18 countries can obtain a visa on arrival/eVisas.

Thailand visa policy map

Visa policy of Thailand
  Visa-free (90 days within 6 months)
  Visa-free (45 days)
  Visa-free (45 days, for tourism only)
  Visa-free (14 days)
  Visa on arrival/eVisa (30 days)
  Visa required in advance


In May 2014, there was a brief crackdown on visa runs, meaning that if foreigners wish to re-enter Thailand after their visa-free or visa on arrival period has expired they have to obtain a visa in advance, or remain outside Thailand at least for one night.[3] In August 2014, Thailand Prime Minister ordered the Immigration Police to be more flexible as the strict application of the law was affecting schools and the tourist industry.[4] On 31 October 2018 it was announced that within 30 days (by the end of November 2018), overstay visas will no longer be allowed, and there will be no remaining overstayers in the kingdom by that date.[5]

Temporary Covid 19 changes

Since Jan 2021, all passport countries with exempt entry of 30 days was extended to 45 days.

This was done to cover the additional entry requirements which involves staying for 15 days in an Alternative Quarantine (AQ). However, the extra 15 days was stopped in October 2021 and the normal 30 day visa exempt entry length resumed.

Since July 1, Thailand has allowed quarantine-free entry through a program called the Phuket Sandbox. The core requirement being that the traveller is fully vaccinated. Under this program you can travel all around Phuket after your first negative test on your first day.

On August 17 this program was expanded under the name of the "7+7" program so that your second 7 nights may be spent on Krabi, Phang-nga, or Samui. The first 7 nights could be done at Phuket or Samui only.

On November 1, Thailand reopened for incoming travel further with an Exempt from Quarantine one-night Test & Go program for Bangkok, Pattaya, Phuket and Samui, which was suspended on December 22 due to the global rise in cases from the Omicron variant of Covid-19.

Visa exemption for normal passports

Due to bilateral visa waiver agreements with Thailand, nationals of the following countries and territories holding normal passports can enter Thailand without a visa for up to the duration listed below.[1][2] They may enter via any port of entry (unless otherwise specified).

90 days within any 6 months

45 days1

14 days

1 - Length of stay extended from 30 days to 45 days; temporary policy from 1 October 2022 to 31 March 2023.[6][7]
2 - for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport only.

Tourist Visa Exemption Scheme

Under the Tourist Visa Exemption Scheme, nationals of countries and territories around the world are granted visa-free travel to Thailand for a stay of up to 30 days, provided the purpose of entering Thailand is for tourism only.[1][2][8] They may apply to extend their stay for another 30 days since 29 August 2014.[9] From 1 October 2022 to 31 March 2023, the maximum length of stay for nationals covered by the scheme has been temporarily extended from 30 days to 45 days.[6][7]

Nationals of the following countries are eligible for the scheme, and may enter Thailand via any port of entry:[1][2][8]

Nationals of the following countries and territories are also eligible for the scheme, but are limited to a maximum of two visa-exempt entries per calendar year when entering Thailand via land or sea. There is no limit imposed when entering Thailand by air.[1][2][8][10][11][12]

* — Already exempt from visa requirement through a bilateral visa waiver agreement.[10]
1 — for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport only.
2 — for British citizens and British Nationals (Overseas) only.

Visa exemption for diplomatic or service category passports

  Diplomatic and service category passports
  Diplomatic passports

Holders of diplomatic or service category passports issued by the following countries and territories are allowed to visit Thailand without a visa for visits up to 90 days (unless otherwise noted):[2]

D — diplomatic passports only.

Visa on arrival / eVisa

Thai visa on arrival stamp on a Russian passport
External image
Map of entry points with Visa on Arrival facility

Nationals of the following countries and territories may apply for a visa on arrival or an eVisa, which allows them to enter Thailand for a stay of up to 15 days at major entry points via air or land.
Visas obtained on arrival cannot be extended. [2] [13] [14]

From 1 October 2022 to 31 March 2023, the maximum length of stay for nationals eligible for a visa on arrival or an eVisa has been temporarily extended from 15 days to 30 days. [6] [7]

Visa on arrival


* — Already exempt from visa requirement through a bilateral visa waiver agreement.[10]

There are 48 immigration checkpoints providing visa on arrival, including: [15]

International Airport

# - Airport which accepts e-visa on arrival

Land and harbor checkpoint

  • Aranyaprathet Immigration Checkpoint
  • Ban Prakop Immigration Checkpoint
  • Bangkok Harbour Immigration Checkpoint
  • Betong Immigration Checkpoint
  • Bueng Kan Immigration Checkpoint
  • Buketa Immigration Checkpoint
  • Chiang Khong Immigration Checkpoint
  • Chiang Saen Immigration Checkpoint
  • Kanchanaburi Land Border Checkpoint
  • Khlong Yai Immigration Checkpoint
  • Khuan Don Immigration Checkpoint
  • Khlong Yai (Hat Lek) Immigration Checkpoint
  • Ko Lipe Marine Port Checkpoint
  • Krabi Immigration Checkpoint
  • Mae Sai Immigration Checkpoint
  • Map Ta Phut Immigration Checkpoint
  • Mukdahan Immigration Checkpoint
  • Nakhon Phanom Immigration Checkpoint
  • Nan Immigration Checkpoint
  • Nong Khai Immigration Checkpoint
  • Nong Khai Harbour Immigration Checkpoint
  • Padang Besar Immigration Checkpoint
  • Pattaya Immigration Checkpoint
  • Phibun Mangsahan Immigration Checkpoint
  • Phu Sing Land Border Checkpoint
  • Phuket Immigration Checkpoint
  • Pong Nam Ron Immigration Checkpoint
  • Sadao Immigration Checkpoint
  • Samui Immigration Checkpoint
  • Samut Prakan Immigration Checkpoint
  • Satun Immigration Checkpoint
  • Si Racha Immigration Checkpoint
  • Songkhla Harbour Immigration Checkpoint
  • Su-ngai Kolok Immigration Checkpoint
  • Tak Immigration Checkpoint
  • Tak Bai Immigration Checkpoint
  • Tha Li Immigration Checkpoint

eVisa on arrival

From 21 November 2018 Thailand started issuing tourist visas valid for 15 days in a simplified procedure to visitors from the countries whose citizens are eligible for visa on arrival.[16]

Electronic visa application also became available from February 2019 in some of the consulates of Thailand abroad. [17] [18] [19]

Airports listed at previous chapter with “#” icon accept eVisa on arrival.

Visa required in advance

Citizens of the following countries can only apply for a Visa in advance in their home country's Thai Embassy. Thai Embassies abroad only accept applications of these countries' citizens if they have a resident permit of the country they want to apply from.[20]

Latin American Countries


Passengers transiting through Suvarnabhumi Airport for less than 12 hours do not require a visa, unless they are travelling on Angkor Air, Beijing Capital Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Eastar Jet, Golden Myanmar Airlines, IndiGo, Intira Airlines, Jeju Air, Jet Asia Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways, Jetstar Pacific, Jin Air, Juneyao Airlines, Lao Central Airlines, Tigerair Mandala, Norwegian Air, Orient Thai Airlines, Regent Airways, Shandong Airlines, Sichuan Airlines, South East Asian Airlines, SpiceJet, Spring Airlines, T'way Airlines, Thai Smile, Tigerair or VietJet Air.[1]

Those transiting through Don Mueang International Airport for less than 12 hours do not require a visa only when travelling on Thai AirAsia or Thai AirAsia X.[1]

Citizens of Pakistan are required to obtain a visa when transiting through Thailand at all times.[21]

APEC Business Travel Card

Holders of passports issued by the following countries who possess an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) containing "THA" on the back of the card can enter visa-free for business trips for up to 90 days.[1]

ABTCs are issued to nationals of:[22]

Mandatory yellow fever vaccination

Mandatory yellow fever vaccination for Thailand

Nationals of the following countries or nationals arriving from the following countries require an International Certificate of Vaccination in order to enter Thailand, unless they produce evidence that they do not reside in the following areas. Failure to fulfill this requirement could result in refusal of entry into Thailand.[23]

Visa types

General visa types

  • Courte Upon official request, the Royal Thai Embassy may grant courtesy visas/laissez-passer to diplomats/UN officials/others who wish to enter the Kingdom on official duty and/or other purposes
  • Permanent resident: To qualify for this visa, you must have stayed in Thailand for 3 consecutive years with the one-year visa extensions. If married to a Thai for 5 years, one must be earning 30,000 baht/month. If single, your monthly income must be 80,000 baht minimum.
  • Tourist: If an individual wishes to remain in Thailand for more than 30 days, he/she may wish to obtain a tourist visa at a Royal Thai Embassy or Consulate prior to arriving in Thailand. The tourist visa must be used within validity date, that varies with the number of entries purchased, and allows an initial stay of 60 days. After arrival in Thailand, a tourist visa or a visa exempt entry may be extended once for an additional 30 days according to immigration Bureau order 327/2557. There is a 1,900 baht fee for each extension.
  • Transit: This type of visa is issued to applicants who wish to enter the Kingdom for the following purposes: to travel in transit through the Kingdom in order to proceed to the country of destination or to re-enter his/her own country (category "TS"); the person in charge of or crew of a conveyance coming to a port, station, or area in the Kingdom (category "C")

Non-Immigrant visa types

  • Type B: to conduct business; work; attend business conferences; teach school; attend scuba diving, muay Thai, and massage courses
  • Type D: diplomatic visa
  • Type ED: to study; to come on a work study tour or observation tour; to participate in projects or seminars; to attend a conference or training course; to study as a foreign Buddhist monk
  • Type EX: to undertake skilled work or to work as an expert or specialist
  • Type F: to perform official duties, e.g., military exercises or governmental assignments
  • Type IB: to invest or perform other activities relating to investment, subject to the provision of the established laws on investment promotion
  • Type IM: to invest with the concurrence of the Thai ministries and governmental departments concerned
  • Type M: to work as a film-producer, journalist, or reporter with permission from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Type O: to visit family; to perform duties for a state enterprise or social welfare organizations (NGOs); to receive medical treatment; to be a sports coach as required by the Thai government; to be a contestant; to be a witness in a judicial process
  • Type O-A: retirement visa
  • Type R: to perform missionary work or other religious activities with the concurrence of the Thai ministries or government departments concerned
  • Type RS: to conduct scientific research or training or teaching in a research institute
  • Type S:to participate in an officially recognised sports event.


Most visitors arriving to Thailand on short term basis were from the following countries of nationality:

Rank Country Visitors (2022)[24]
1  Malaysia 1,951,834
2  India 965,994
3  Laos 844,958
4  Cambodia 591,657
5  Singapore 589,770
6  South Korea 543,337
7  Vietnam 471,123
8  United States 462,065
9  United Kingdom 456,710
10  Russia 440,017
Grand total 11,818,727

Work permit

To legally work in Thailand, a foreigner must apply for a work permit. Work permit is a legal document that states a foreigner's position, current occupation, or job description and the Thai company he is working with. It also serves as a license to perform a job or an occupation allowed for foreigners inside Thailand. A foreigner is eligible to apply for a work permit as long as he has a non-immigrant visa or a resident visa, has an available employer who will provide documents for work permit, and the occupation he will perform is not prohibited to foreigners.[25]

One Stop Service Centre for Visas and Work Permits

The One Stop Service Centre for Visas and Work Permits was established on 1 July 1997 by authority of the Regulations of the Office of Prime Minister promulgated on 30 June 1997. The objective of this centre is to simplify visa extension and permit issuance procedures to create a good investment environment. It aims to facilitate applications of visa extension and work permits (e.g., stay permission, re-entry permit, work permit). The Centre is located on Chamchuree Square Building, Floor 18, Phatumwan, Bangkok.[26]

Foreigners who are eligible to apply for visa extension and work permits at the One Stop Service Centre

  • Foreigner who is an executive or expert with privileges accorded to them by the following laws:
    1. Investment Promotion Act B.E. 2520 (1977);
    2. Petroleum Act B.E. 2514 (1971);
    3. Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand Act B.E. 2522 (1979);
  • Foreigner who is an investor.
    1. If investing not less than 2 million Baht, he or she will be granted a 1-year permit.
    2. If investing not less than 10 million Baht, he or she will be granted a 2-year permit.
  • Foreigner who is an executive or expert.
  • Foreigner's associated company should be registered with capital or possess asset of not less than 30 million Baht.
  • Foreigner who is a member of the foreign press must present a letter from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a copy of an ID Press Card issued by the Department of Public Relations.
  • Foreigner who is a researcher or developer on science and technology.
  • Foreigner who is employed in a branch office of an overseas bank, foreign banking office of an overseas bank, provincial foreign banking office of an overseas bank or a representative office of the foreign bank in which all offices are certified by the Bank of Thailand.
  • Foreigner who works on the necessary and urgent basis for a period of no longer than 15 days.
  • Foreigner who is an official of the representative office for foreign juristic persons concerning the International Trading Business and Regional Office of Transnational Corporation in accordance to the Foreign Business Act B.E. 2542 (1999).
  • Foreigner who is an expert on information technology.
  • Foreigner who works at regional operating headquarters.

See also


  1. "Visa and health information". Timatic. International Air Transport Association through Gulf Air. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  2. "Summary of Countries and Territories entitled for Visa Exemption and Visa on Arrival to Thailand" (PDF). กรมการกงสุล กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ (in Thai). Department of Consular Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  3. Phuket: Strict new immigration regulations mean crackdown on visa runs
  4. Phuket: Coup leader calls for Immigration to relax 'out-in' visa clampdown
  5. No more overstayers, no more corruption at Immigration – Hakparn
  6. Cunningham, Ed (12 October 2022). "You can now spend six weeks in Thailand, visa-free". Time Out Worldwide. Time Out Group. Archived from the original on 26 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  7. "Thai cabinet approves 45-day stay for tourists entitled to visa exemption and 30 days with Visa on Arrival". Thai PBS World. 20 September 2022. Archived from the original on 26 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  8. "Visa Exemption Scheme | Royal Thai Embassy". Royal Thai Embassy in Singapore. Archived from the original on 13 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  9. "Thailand to Offer Extra 30 Days to Visa Exempt Travellers". Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  10. Royal Thai Consulate General, Hong Kong. "Revision of the Visa Exemption Scheme Regulation" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  11. Thailand Visa Exemption Available for 7 New Countries
  12. "Visa Exemption, Visa on Arrival (VOA), Visa for Tourists". Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  13. "THAI E-VISA".
  14. "Launch of Online Stickerless E-Visa Application Platform &Termination of Visa Application in Person and by Post". สถานเอกอัครราชทูต ณ กรุงเอเธนส์. Retrieved 27 December 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. Royal Thai Embassy, Singapore. "VISA ON ARRIVAL". Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  16. "Visa on Arrival".
  17. "Thailand offers online visa applications from February".
  18. "E-visas available from February 2019. China first country". 3 December 2018.
  19. "China First to Benefit From Thai E-Visas Next Year". Archived from the original on 2018-12-04.
  20. "สถานเอกอัครราชทูต ณ กรุงย่างกุ้ง".
  21. Thailand makes transit visa mandatory for Pakistani passengers
  22. "ABTC Summary". Archived from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  23. Thailand Visa Information : List of countries which require International Health Certificate for Yellow Fever Vaccination.
  24. "ต่างชาติเที่ยวไทย 11.8 ล้านคนปี 65 เปิด 10 อันดับแรกชาติส่งออกทัวริสต์สูงสุด". Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  25. "All About Work Permits |". Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  26. "Thailand Visa Information : Non-Immigrant Visa "B" (for Business and Work) - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Thailand". Retrieved 2018-09-08.
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