Vienna sausage

A Vienna sausage (German: Wiener Würstchen, Wiener; Viennese/Austrian German: Frankfurter Würstel or Würstl; Swiss German: Wienerli; Swabian: Wienerle or Saitenwurst) is a thin parboiled sausage traditionally made of pork and beef in a casing of sheep's intestine, then given a low temperature smoking.[1][2] The word Wiener is German for Viennese.[3] In Austria, the term "Wiener" is uncommon for this food item, which instead is usually called Frankfurter Würstl.[4]

Vienna sausage
TypeSausage
Place of originAustria
North American Vienna sausage dipped in tomato sauce

Europe

In some European countries, cooked and often smoked wiener sausages bought fresh from supermarkets, delicatessens and butcher shops may be called by a name (such as in German or French) which translates in English as "Vienna sausage." Traditionally, they are made from cured pork, but in Eastern and Southern Europe, sausages made from chicken or turkey are more common; these are also sold in places with a significant population of people who do not eat pork for religious reasons. Wieners sold in Europe have a taste and texture very much like North American hot dogs, but are usually longer and somewhat thinner, with a very light, edible casing. European Vienna sausages served hot in a long bun with condiments are often called "hot dogs," referring to the long sandwich as a whole.[5][6] A spiced, paprika-rich look-alike of Vienna sausage is known as debrecener.

North America

After having been brought to North America by European immigrants, "Vienna sausage" came to mean only smaller and much shorter smoked and canned wieners, rather than link sausage, beginning about 1903.[7][8] However, they have no federal standard of identity.[9] North American vienna sausages are made similarly to pork wieners, finely ground to a paste consistency and mixed with salt and various spices, such as cloves, coriander, nutmeg, garlic powder, onion powder and finely ground, dry red pepper.[10] The sausages are stuffed into a long casing, sometimes smoked, always thoroughly cooked and beginning in the 1950s, the casings were removed.[7] The sausages are cut into short segments for canning and cooking. They are available plain (in gelatin, similar to aspic) or with a variety of flavorings, such as smoke, mustard, chili, or barbecue sauces. Consumption of Vienna sausages peaked in the 1940s to 1970s but has declined since then.[7]

See also

References

  1. Dowideit, Anette (15 October 2015). "Discounter: Der Kampf um das billigste Wiener Würstchen". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  2. "Wiener Würstchen". Bund für Lebensmittelrecht und Lebensmittelkunde (in German). 24 August 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  3. "Wiener {1} translation English - German dictionary - Reverso". reverso.net.
  4. "Warenkunde - Frankfurter oder Wiener - gibt es einen Unterschied?". Bundesverband der Deutschen Fleischwarenindustrie (in German). 6 June 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  5. Scott, Ellen (7 November 2015). "It's official: Hot dogs are not sandwiches". Metro. a hot dog – a frankfurter sitting snugly within two halves of a bun
  6. BàS / n° 200602 (p.16-17). "Bon à savoir > Services > Recherche > Grasse saucisse de Vienne". Bonasavoir.ch. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  7. Andrew F. Smith (2007). The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink. Oxford University Press. p. 611. ISBN 9780199885763. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  8. "Vienna Sausage". Merriam-Webster.
  9. A.M. Pearson & T.A. Gillett (1996). Processed Meats. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 397. ISBN 9780834213043. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  10. C. Devine & M. Dikeman (2014). Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences. Elsevier. p. 245. ISBN 9780123847348. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
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