Vaginal artery

The vaginal artery is an artery in females that supplies blood to the vagina and the base of the bladder.

Vaginal artery
Arteries of the female reproductive tract (posterior view): uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries.
Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view.
SourceInternal iliac artery
Uterine artery
Veinvaginal venous plexus
Suppliesurinary bladder, ureter, vagina
Latinarteria vaginalis
Anatomical terminology


Vaginal artery

The vaginal artery is usually a branch of the internal iliac artery.[1][2] Some sources say that the vaginal artery can arise from the uterine artery, but the phrase vaginal branches of uterine artery is the term for blood supply to the vagina coming from the uterine artery.[1]

The vaginal artery is frequently represented by two or three branches. These descend to the vagina, supplying its mucous membrane. They anastomose with branches from the uterine artery.[2] It can send branches to the bulb of the vestibule, the fundus of the bladder, and the contiguous part of the rectum.


The vaginal artery supplies oxygenated blood to the muscular wall of the vagina, along with the uterine artery and the internal pudendal artery.[3] It also supplies the cervix, along with the uterine artery.[4]

Other animals

In horses, the vaginal artery may haemorrhage after birth, which can cause death.[5]

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 616 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 290. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0.
  2. Łaniewski, Paweł; Herbst-Kralovetz, Melissa (2018-01-01), "Vagina", in Skinner, Michael K. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Reproduction (Second Edition), Oxford: Academic Press, pp. 353–359, ISBN 978-0-12-815145-7, retrieved 2021-01-18
  3. Graziottin, Alessandra; Gambini, Dania (2015-01-01), Vodušek, David B.; Boller, François (eds.), "Chapter 4 - Anatomy and physiology of genital organs – women", Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Neurology of Sexual and Bladder Disorders, Elsevier, 130: 39–60, doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63247-0.00004-3, ISBN 9780444632470, PMID 26003238, retrieved 2021-01-18
  4. Mahendroo, Mala; Nallasamy, Shanmugasundaram (2018-01-01), "Cervix", in Skinner, Michael K. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Reproduction (Second Edition), Oxford: Academic Press, pp. 339–346, ISBN 978-0-12-815145-7, retrieved 2021-01-18
  5. McAuliffe, Siobhan B., ed. (2014-01-01), "Chapter 12 - Reproductive disorders", Knottenbelt and Pascoe's Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of the Horse (Second Edition), W.B. Saunders, pp. 443–513, doi:10.1016/b978-0-7234-3660-7.00012-2, ISBN 978-0-7234-3660-7, S2CID 241150397, retrieved 2021-02-06
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