University of Bordeaux

The University of Bordeaux (French: Université de Bordeaux) is a public university based in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

University of Bordeaux
Université de Bordeaux
Victoire Campus, Bordeaux
MottoSit lumine illustrant millennii.
Que la lumière illumine les millénaires (English: May light bright upon the millennia)
TypePublic
Established1441 (1441) (initial formation)
Academic affiliations
AUF, EUA
Endowment892 million
PresidentDean Lewis
Academic staff
6,000 including 3,200 professors[1]
Students54,000[2]
Location,
France
Websiteu-bordeaux.fr

It has several campuses in the cities and towns of Bordeaux, Dax, Gradignan, Périgueux, Pessac, and Talence.[3] There are also several smaller teaching sites in various other towns in the region, including in Bayonne.

The University of Bordeaux counts more than 50,000 students, over 6,000 of which are international.[4]

It is a member of the ComUE d'Aquitaine university group.[5]

History

Original formation

In 286, a university had been created by the Romans.[6] At this time, the city was an important administrative centre and the school had to train administrators. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught (including the study of classical texts).

Modern university

The original Université de Bordeaux was established by Pope Eugene IV on 7 June 1441 when Bordeaux was an English town.[7] In 1793, during the French Revolution, the National Convention abolished the university. The university re-opened in 1896 as a result of the law of 18 July 1896. In 1970, the university was split into three universities: Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux 2, and Bordeaux 3. In 1995, Bordeaux 4 split off from Bordeaux 1. Since 2014, the aforementioned universities have been reunited to form the University of Bordeaux, except for Bordeaux 3, which did not take part in the merger and remains independent of the University of Bordeaux.

Notable alumni

Academia

  • Geoffrey Keating (c. 1569–c. 1644), Irish historian
  • Léon Duguit (1859–1928), French scholar of public law
  • Henri Moysset (1875–1949), French historian and politician
  • Jacques Ellul (1912–1994), French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor
  • James Joll (1918–1994), British historian and university lecturer
  • Julio Cotler (1932–2019), Peruvian anthropologist and sociologist
  • Théophile Obenga (b. 1936), Congolese Egyptologist
  • Spencer C. Tucker (b. 1937), American military historian
  • Charles Butterworth (b. 1938), American political philosopher
  • Helene Hagan (b. 1939), Moroccan–American anthropologist and Amazigh activist
  • Pascal Salin (b. 1939), French economist and professor
  • Marie-France Vignéras (b. 1946), French mathematician
  • Alfredo Co (b. 1949), Filipino Sinologist
  • Idowu Bantale Omole (b. 1954), Nigerian professor and academic administrator
  • Abderrahmane Hadj-Salah (1928–2017), Algerian linguist
  • Roger Naslain (b. 1936), professor of chemical and physical science at the University of Bordeaux

Activism

  • Aubrey Willis Williams (1890–1965), American social and civil rights activist
  • Jean-Claude Bajeux (1931–2011), Haitian political activist and professor
  • Louis Clayton Jones (1935–2006), African-American international attorney and civil rights leader

Business

  • Mireille Gillings (b. 1971), French Canadian neurobiologist and entrepreneur
  • Olivier Le Peuch (born 1963/1964), French businessman, CEO of Schlumberger[8]

Law

  • Thomas Barclay (c. 1570–1632), Scottish jurist and professor
  • Ba Maw (1893–1977), Burmese politician
  • James Marshall Sprouse (1923–2004), United States Circuit judge

Literature and journalism

  • François Mauriac (1885–1970) French novelist, dramatist, critic, poet, journalist and Nobel Laureate
  • Saint-John Perse (1887–1975), French poet-diplomat
  • Lucien Xavier Michel-Andrianarahinjaka (1929–1997), Malagasy writer, poet and politician
  • Annie Ernaux(b. 1940), Nobel Prize-winning(2022) French writer and professor of literature.
  • Esther Seligson (1941–2010), Mexican writer, poet, translator, and historian
  • Lee Mallory (b. 1946), American poet, editor and academic
  • Marc Saikali (b. 1965), Lebanese–French journalist
  • Sarah Ladipo Manyika (b. 1969), British Nigerian writer

Performing arts

  • Luc Plissonneau (b. 1961), French screenwriter and film director
  • Morteza Heidari (b. 1968), Iranian TV presenter

Politics

  • Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac (1778–1832), French statesman
  • Jean Ybarnégaray (1883–1956), Basque–French politician
  • Jean-Fernand Audeguil (1887–1956), French politician
  • Ba Maw (1893–1977), Head of State of Burma
  • Michel Kafando (b. 1942), Burkinabé diplomat
  • Xavier Darcos (b. 1947), French politician, scholar, civil servant and former Minister of Labour
  • Jean-Paul Gonzalez (b. 1947), French virologist
  • Mario Aoun (b. 1951), Lebanese politician
  • Alain Vidalies (b. 1951), the French Secretary of State for Transport, the Sea and Fisheries
  • Nagoum Yamassoum (b. 1954), Chadian politician and former Prime Minister of Chad
  • Anicet-Georges Dologuélé (b. 1957), Central African politician
  • Reza Taghipour (b. 1957), Iranian conservative politician
  • Thierry Santa (b. 1967), French Polynesian politician in New Caledonia
  • Germaine Kouméalo Anaté (b. 1968), Togolese government minister, scholar and writer
  • Olivier Falorni (b. 1972), French politician
  • Myriam El Khomri (b. 1978), French politician

Sciences

  • Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738–1814), French physician, politician and freemason and namesake of the guillotine
  • Célestin Sieur (1860–1955), French physician
  • Charles-Joseph Marie Pitard (1873–1927), French pharmacist and botanist
  • Pierre-Paul Grassé (1895–1985), French zoologist
  • Émile Peynaud (1912–2004), French oenologist
  • Laure Gatet (1913–1943), French pharmacist, biochemist and spy
  • Basile Adjou Moumouni (1922–2019), Beninese physician
  • Roland Paskoff (1933–2005), French geologist
  • Jean-Marie Tarascon (b. 1953), French chemist and professor
  • Bruno Vallespir (b. 1960), French engineer and professor

Sports

  • Jean-Pierre Escalettes (b. 1935), French retired footballer
  • Karounga Keïta (b. 1941), Malian football official and former coach and player
  • Bixente Lizarazu (b. 1969), Basque–French retired footballer

Visual arts

Winemaking

  • Emma Gao

See also

References

  1. "Ressources". Université de Bordeaux. Université de Bordeaux.
  2. "Ressources". Université de Bordeaux. Université de Bordeaux.
  3. "Découvrir les campus". Université de Bordeaux. Université de Bordeaux.
  4. "Ressources". Université de Bordeaux. Université de Bordeaux.
  5. "Etudier en Aquitaine". Communauté d'universités et établissements d'Aquitaine. Communauté d'universités et établissements d'Aquitaine. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  6. "Gallo-romains (−56 / 4e siècle)".
  7. "Notre histoire". Université de Bordeaux. Université de Bordeaux. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  8. "Olivier le Peuch".

Literature

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