Traditional speciality guaranteed

A traditional speciality guaranteed (TSG, plural: traditional specialities guaranteed) is a traditional food product protected under European Union and/or UK law. This label differs from the geographical indications, protected designation of origin (PDO) and protected geographical indication (PGI), in that this quality scheme does not certify that the protected food product has a link to a specific geographical area, and thus a product can be produced outside the area or country from which it originates.

EU Traditional Speciality Guaranteed logo in Spanish
UK Traditional Speciality Guaranteed

To qualify for a TSG, a food must be of "specific character" and either its raw materials, production method, or processing must be "traditional". Title III of European Union Regulation 1151/2012 (Articles 17-26) deals with the TSG scheme, with specific terms defined in Article 3: "specific character" is defined as "the characteristic production attributes which distinguish a product clearly from other similar products of the same category", and "traditional" is defined as "proven usage on the domestic market for a period that allows transmission between generations; this period is to be at least 30 years".[1]

For a food name to be registrable under the TSG scheme it must (a) have been traditionally used to refer to the specific product or (b) identify the traditional character or specific character of the product.

A TSG creates an exclusive right over the registered product name. Accordingly, the registered product name can be used by only those producers who conform to the registered production method and product specifications.

"The legal function of the TSG is to certify that a particular agricultural product objectively possesses specific characteristics which differentiate it from all others in its category, and that its raw materials, composition or method of production have been consistent for a minimum of 30 years. Thus, TSG food denominations are registered trade signs with a distinctive function."[2]

Use of geographical indications in TSG

Some TSG designations require the use of products with a protected designation of origin, protected geographical indication, or another traditional speciality guaranteed for their preparation.

Lists of TSG products by country

All 64 TSG registered before 1 January 2021 in the EU are also protected in the UK. As of 18 April 2021, 65 TSG have been registered (see list) in the UK and 69 in the EU, all of which originate from the EU or the UK.[6] The distribution by country of application is shown below:

TSG by country
CountryEU law registrationsUK law registrationsExample
Austria33Heumilch / Haymilk / Latte fieno / Lait de foin / Leche de heno
Belgium22Vieille Gueuze / Vieille Gueuze-Lambic / Vieux Lambic / Oude Geuze / Oude Geuze-Lambiek / Oude Lambiek
Bulgaria65ЛуканкаПанагюрска / Lukanka Panagyurska
Czechia55Tradiční Lovecký salám / Tradičná Lovecká saláma
Finland33Karjalanpiirakka
France22Moules de bouchot
Hungary22Tepertős pogácsa
Italy43Pizza Napoletana
Latvia33Sklandrausis
Lithuania22Lietuviškas skilandis
Netherlands44Hollandse maatjesharing / Hollandse Nieuwe / Holländischer Matjes
Poland1010Trójniak staropolski tradycyjny
Portugal21Bacalhau de Cura Tradicional Portuguesa
Romania10Salată tradițională cu icre de crap
Spain22Jamón Serrano
Slovakia33Bratislavský rožok / Pozsonyi kiflia
Slovenia43Belokranjska pogača
Sweden11Hushållsost
United Kingdom44Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling

References

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