Thukpa (Tibetan: ཐུག་པ ; Nepali: थुक्पा; IPA: /tʰu(k̚)ˀ˥˥.pə˥˥/ ) is a Tibetan noodle soup, which originated in the eastern part of Tibet.[1] Amdo thukpa (especially thenthuk) is a famous variant among the Indians (especially Ladakhis and Sikkimis), Tibetans and Nepalese.[2] Thukpa can be prepared in both vegetarian and non-vegetarian variations; the most popular non-vegetarian variation includes chicken.[3] There are numerous varieties of thukpa which includes:

  • Thenthuk (Tibetan: འཐེན་ཐུག་, Wylie: 'then thug): Hand-pulled noodle
  • Gyathuk (Tibetan: རྒྱ་ཐུག་, Wylie: rgya thug): Chinese noodle
  • Thuppa (Nepali: थुप्पा)
  • Thugpa (Tibetan: བག་ཐུག་, Wylie: bag thug): Hand-rolled pinched noodle (like gnocchi)
  • Drethug (Tibetan: འབྲས་ཐུག་, Wylie: 'bras thug)
Region or stateLadakh, Tibet and Nepal
Associated cuisineIndia, Nepal, China


Thukpa has been described as a "generic Tibetan word for any soup or stew combined with noodles."[4]

Nepalese thukpa

Regional traditions

Indian thukpa

In India, the dish is consumed by people of Nepalese and Tibetan origin in the state of Sikkim, the district of Darjeeling and in the union territory of Ladakh.

Nepalese thukpa

The Nepalese version of Thukpa in general has a predominant vegetarian feature and a bit of spicier flavor. The protein ingredients of the dish are given vegetarian alternative according to availability, including beans, chickpeas, gram, kidney beans, tofu etc. However, non-vegetarian Thukpa are also enjoyed by some people. Egg Thukpa is probably the second most popular variety after vegetarian Thukpa among Nepalese. Coriander leaves, spring onion, or garlic leaves are the popular Nepalese choices of garnish.

See also

  • Thukpa bhatuk
  • List of soups
  • List of Tibetan dishes
  • List of Nepalese dishes


  1. Singh Verma, Aditya (2019-07-05). "Thukpa – A cultural journey through the Tibetan community in India". Tibet Post. Archived from the original on 2022-10-08. Retrieved 2022-11-18.
  2. Hauzel, Hoihnu (2016-02-16). "The Tale of Thukpa: What Lends Flavour to this Comforting Noodle Soup?". NDTV Food. Archived from the original on 2022-10-07. Retrieved 2022-11-18.
  3. Galarza, G Daniela (2021-11-06). "This noodle soup will warm you right up » Borneo Bulletin Online". Borneo Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2021-11-06. Retrieved 2022-11-18.
  4. Boi, L.G.; Ltd, M.C.I.P. (2014). Asian Noodles. EBL-Schweitzer. Marshall Cavendish. p. 163. ISBN 978-981-4634-98-4.
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