Stover are the leaves and stalks of field crops, such as corn (maize), sorghum or soybean that are commonly left in a field after harvesting the grain. It is similar to straw, the residue left after any cereal grain or grass has been harvested at maturity for its seed. It can be directly grazed by cattle or dried for use as fodder. [1] Stover has attracted some attention as a potential fuel source, and as biomass for fermentation or as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production.[2] [3] Stover from various crops can also be used in mushroom compost preparation.[4][5]

Stover with some snow cover
Stover (foreground), unharvested corn (background)

The word stover derives from the English legal term estovers, referring to the right of tenants to cut timber.[6]

See also


  1. Lardy, Greg; Anderson, Vern; Dahlen, Carl (October 2015). "Alternative Feeds for Ruminants". North Dakota State University. Section 2: Harvesting and Use of Residues; Section 5.11: Corn Stover, Harvested. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  2. Matthew L. Wald (July 6, 2011). "U.S. Backs Project to Produce Fuel From Corn Waste". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2011. waste parts of corn plants, called stover.
  3. English, Burton; Menard, Jamey; Ugarte, Daniel De La Torre. Using Corn Stover for Ethanol Production: A Look at the Regional Economic Impacts for Selected Midwestern States (PDF). Knoxville, TN: Agri-Industry Modeling Analysis Group. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  4. Paul Stamets (13 July 2011). Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-1-60774-138-1.
  5. Peter C. Cheung (29 December 2008). Mushrooms as Functional Foods. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-36819-0.
  6. Collins English Dictionary, Ninth Edition (2007)
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