State President of the South African Republic

This is a list of State Presidents of the South African Republic (Before 1866 Dutch: President van de Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek and after 1866 Dutch: Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek).

State President of the South African Republic
Staatspresident van de Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
Arms of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger, last State President of the South African Republic
StyleHis Excellency
Formation22 October 1866
First holderMarthinus Wessel Pretorius
Final holderPaul Kruger
Abolished31 May 1902
DeputyVice State President of the South African Republic

The country was referred as the Transvaal Republic by the British.

List

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Notes
Presidents of the Executive Council (1857–1866)
1 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
(1819–1901)
6 January 1857 – 15 September 1860 First tenure
Johannes Hermanus Grobler
(1813–1892)
15 September 1860 – 6 December 1860 Acting President
Ousted by Schoeman
Civil War (1861–1864)
Stephanus Schoeman
(1810–1890)
6 December 1860 – 17 April 1862 Acting President
After 1862, the leader of rebel forces
2 Willem Cornelis Janse van Rensburg
(1818–1865)
18 April 1862 – 10 May 1864 Acting President
(until 23 October 1863)
President
(since 23 October 1863)
(1) Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
(1819–1901)
10 May 1864 – 22 October 1866 Second tenure
State Presidents (1866–1902)
1 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
(1819–1901)
22 October 1866 – 22 November 1871 The office of the State President is created by constitutional amendment approved at session of the Volksraad on 22 October 1866.
Daniel Jacobus Erasmus
(1830–1913)
21 November 1871 – 1 July 1872 Acting State President
2 Thomas François Burgers
(1834–1881)
1 July 1872 – 12 April 1877
First Boer War (12 April 1877 – 8 August 1881)
First British annexation (Transvaal Colony)
Triumvirate:


13 December 1880 – 9 May 1883 The government of the South African Republic resumed to exercise its functions in accordance with the resolution of the Volksraad of 13 December 1880; Transvaal Territory was granted self-government in accordance with the Pretoria Convention, subject to the suzerainty of the British crown, on 8 August 1881.
3 Paul Kruger
(1825–1904)
9 May 1883 – 31 May 1902 Left the Republic for Europe on 10 September 1900.
Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902)
Schalk Willem Burger
(1852–1918)
10 September 1900 – 31 May 1902 Acting State President
Acting for absent Kruger
Post abolished with the Treaty of Vereeniging
Second British annexation (Transvaal Colony)

Last election

Candidate Votes %
Paul Kruger12,85886.5
Piet Joubert2,00113.5
Total14,859100
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica[1]

See also

  • State President of the Orange Free State
  • State Secretary of the South African Republic
  • State Attorney of the South African Republic

References

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