Speculaas (Dutch: speculaas, pronounced [speːkyˈlaːs], French: spéculoos, [spekylos], German: Spekulatius) is a type of spiced shortcrust biscuit[1] baked with speculaas spices.

Alternative namesWindmill cookies
TypeShortbread cookie, Biscuit
Place of originBelgium/Netherlands/Rhineland
Main ingredientsFlour, sugar, butter, pepper, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, cardamom, nutmeg
Speculaas spices: pepper, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, cardamom and nutmeg
Schuddebuikjes: Mini speculaas cookie topping, Netherlands, 2019
Speculade, a Dutch speculaas cookie with added chocolate, 2021

Speculaas is usually flat in the shape of a picture and is especially popular around the feast of St. Nicholas and during the time of Advent. The oldest sources on speculaas also mention weddings and fairs. In recent decades, however, it has become normal to eat Speculaas all year round, especially with coffee or tea, or with ice cream.

Speculaas is mainly made and eaten in Belgium and the Netherlands, as well as in the German Westphalia and Rhineland, Luxembourg and northern France. It can also be found in Indonesia where it is known as spekulaas or spekulaaskoekjes, and usually served at Christmas or on other special occasions.[2]

See also

  • Cookie butter
  • Ginger biscuit
  • Kruidnoten, a thicker, harder biscuit made without molds with the same ingredients
  • Springerle, a thicker, anise-flavoured, moulded Christmas biscuit from Germany


  1. Beelen, H.; Sijs, N. van der. "Speculaas - (gekruide koek)". Onze Taal (in Dutch): 2013–2021 via etymologiebank.nl.
  2. "Resep Kue Zaman Penjajahan Belanda". i idntimes. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
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