Siomay (also Somai), is an Indonesian steamed fish dumpling with vegetables served in peanut sauce. It is derived from the Chinese Shumai.[1][2] It is considered a light meal, similar to the Chinese Dim Sum.[1] It is traditionally made from pork but is frequently substituted with tenggiri (spanish mackerel), as many Indonesians observe the halal dietary law. Sometimes other types of seafood such as tuna, mackerel, and prawn also can be used to make siomay.[3] Other complements to siomay include steamed cabbage, potatoes, bitter gourd, boiled egg, and tofu. Siomay is often cut into bite size pieces and topped with peanut sauce, sweet soy sauce, chili sauce and a dash of lime juice.[2]

Siomay mixed with batagor as served in a foodstall near Bandung train station.
Alternative namesSomay
Place of originIndonesia
Region or stateWest Java, Nationwide
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsFish dumpling with tofu and vegetables in peanut sauce
VariationsBatagor, shumai

Origin and varieties

Siomay is ubiquitous in Indonesian cities, it is one of the most popular snack or light meal in Indonesia.[1] It can be found in street-side food stalls, travelling carts, bicycle vendors, and restaurants, and is considered a popular school meal for Indonesian students.[2]

Just like bakso, lumpia, and pempek, siomay was influenced by Chinese Indonesian cuisine. However, Chinese Indonesian siomay is rarely served with peanut sauce; it is instead served with a sweet-sour and spicy chili sauce in its place, or with no sauce at all, resembling authentic Chinese shumai.

Siomay has long been incorporated into Indonesian cuisine, the most famous iteration of the dish being Bandung-style siomay (siomay Bandung). It has been adapted into local Sundanese cuisine, where most siomay sellers today are Sundanese. It has similarly been adapted into the batagor, short for bakso tahu goreng, another variety of the dish also from Bandung; it is similar to siomay, except that it is fried instead of steamed.[4]

See also


  1. "Siomay dan Bakso Tahu". (in Indonesian). 2018-02-18. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  2. Suriyani, Luh De (6 May 2013). "'Siomay', the students' favorite meal". Bali Daily. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  3. The Indonesian Kitchen: Recipes and Stories. Sri Owen (2008), 287 pag. ISBN 9781566567398, ISBN 978-1566567398
  4. Nasution, Pepy (31 December 2010). "Batagor | Indonesia Eats | Authentic Online Indonesian Food Recipes". Retrieved 22 December 2017.

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