Siamese fireback

The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi), also known as Diard's fireback, is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm (31 in) long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive facial caruncle, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.

Lophura diardi

Siamese fireback
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Lophura
L. diardi
Binomial name
Lophura diardi
(Bonaparte, 1856)

The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four and eight rosy eggs.


The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.

This species of pheasant has a common name in Thai Kai Fah Phaya Lo (Thai: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ; Lord Lo's pheasant), according to Thai folk literature, Lilit Phra Lo where Phra Lo, the protagonist, is charmed by following the pheasant until he meets Phra Phuean and Phra Phaeng, the two sisters and later his lovers.[2]


Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern.[1]

See also

  • National symbols of Thailand


  1. BirdLife International (2016). "Lophura diardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22679274A92808547. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22679274A92808547.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. "ไก่ฟ้าในประเทศไทย" [Pheasants of Thailand]. ไก่ฟ้า.com (in Thai).
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.