Scrapple, also known by the Pennsylvania Dutch name Pannhaas ("pan tenderloin" in English),[1][2] is traditionally a mush of pork scraps and trimmings combined with cornmeal and wheat flour, often buckwheat flour, and spices. The mush is formed into a semi-solid congealed loaf, and slices of the scrapple are then pan-fried before serving. Scraps of meat left over from butchering, not used or sold elsewhere, were made into scrapple to avoid waste. Scrapple is primarily eaten in the southern Mid-Atlantic region of the United States (Delaware, Maryland, South Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.).

Plate of scrapple, uncooked (left) and cooked (right)
Alternative namesPon haus, Krepples
Place of originUnited States
Region or stateSouthern Mid-Atlantic states
Main ingredientsmush of pork, cornmeal, flour, buckwheat flour, spices
Food energy
(per serving)
119 per 2 ounces kcal

Scrapple and panhaas are commonly considered an ethnic food of the Pennsylvania Dutch, including the Mennonites and Amish. Scrapple is found in supermarkets throughout the region in both fresh and frozen refrigerated cases.


Scrapple is typically made of hog offal, such as the head, heart, liver, and other trimmings, which are boiled with any bones attached (often the entire head), to make a broth. Once cooked, bones and fat are removed, the meat is reserved, and (dry) cornmeal is boiled in the broth to make a mush. The meat, finely minced, is returned to the pot and seasonings, typically sage, thyme, savory, black pepper, and others are added.[3] The mush is formed into loaves and allowed to cool thoroughly until set. The proportions and seasoning are very much a matter of the region and the cook's taste.[4]

A few manufacturers have introduced beef[5] and turkey varieties and color the loaf to retain the traditional coloration derived from the original pork liver base.

Due to its composition, it is often jokingly described as being made from "everything but the oink".[6][7]


Scrapple sandwich at the Delaware State Fair

Scrapple is fully cooked when purchased. It is then typically cut into 14-to-34-inch-thick (0.6 to 1.9 cm) slices and pan-fried until brown to form a crust. It is sometimes first coated with flour. It may be fried in butter or oil and is sometimes deep-fried. Scrapple can also be broiled, which gives the scrapple a crisp exterior.

Scrapple is usually eaten as a breakfast side dish. It can be served plain or with either sweet or savory condiments: apple butter, ketchup, jelly, maple syrup, honey, or mustard.

History and regional popularity

Etymologically, "scrapple" is a diminutive of "scrap", a reference to its composition.[8]

The roots of the culinary traditions that led to the development of scrapple in America have been traced back to pre-Roman Europe.[9] The more immediate culinary ancestor of scrapple was the Low German dish called panhas, which was adapted to make use of locally available ingredients, and it is still called "Pannhaas", "panhoss", "ponhoss", or "pannhas" in parts of Pennsylvania.[10] The first recipes were created by German colonists who settled near Philadelphia and Chester County, Pennsylvania in the 17th and 18th centuries.[11] As a result, scrapple is strongly associated with areas surrounding Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Washington, D.C.; Eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Southern New York, and the Delmarva Peninsula. Its popularity on the Delmarva Peninsula is celebrated the second weekend of October during the annual "Apple Scrapple Festival" in Bridgeville, Delaware.

The two largest brands of scrapple in Philadelphia are Habbersett and Rapa, controlling approximately half and one-quarter of the market respectively. Rapa accounts for about three-quarters of the Baltimore market.[12][13] The title of jazz artist Charlie Parker's 1947 composition "Scrapple from the Apple" is inspired by the food scrapple, in the Big Apple (New York City).

In the Poconos, kosher scrapple is made using chicken.[14]

See also


  • Balkenbrij, a traditional Dutch food that shares some of the characteristics of scrapple
  • Faggot, an English dish made of meat off-cuts and offal, especially pork
  • Goetta, a meat-and-grain sausage or mush of German inspiration, popular near Cincinnati
  • Groaty pudding, in England, made from soaked groats, beef, leeks, onion and beef stock which is then baked
  • Haggis, a traditional Scottish savory pudding containing sheep's pluck (heart, liver, and lungs), minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock
  • Hákarl, a national dish of Iceland consisting of a Greenland shark or other sleeper shark which has been cured with a particular fermentation process and hung to dry for four to five months
  • Haslet, in England, a pork meatloaf with herbs
  • Head cheese, a dish made from meat scraps traditionally (though not exclusively) derived from an animal's head
  • Livermush, in the United States, a dish of pig liver, head parts, and cornmeal
  • Lorne sausage, a traditional Scottish food usually made from minced meat, rusk and spices
  • Meatloaf, a dish of ground meat mixed with other ingredients and formed into a loaf shape, then baked or smoked
  • Pork roll, pork-based processed meat available in parts of the northeastern United States
  • Slatur, an Icelandic food made from the innards of sheep
  • Weckewerk, in Germany, a sausage made from cooked brawn and minced meat, veal or sausage, and broth of pork, sometimes from cooked meat, blood and offal


  1. Pennsylvania Folklife 22. Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center. 1972. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
  2. Food in Colonial and Federal America. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. 2005. ISBN 9780313329883. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
  3. "Scrapple Recipe". Food Network. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  4. ", PA and NJ Regional Recipes. Scrapple Recipes". August 20, 2009. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  5. "Rappa Scrapple, Beef". Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  6. Talorico, Patricia (May 21, 2014). "Scrapple – love or loathe the loaf". The News Journal. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  7. Jalowitz, Alan (Spring 2013). "Scrapple: Pennsylvania's "Other" Meatloaf". Retrieved July 9, 2018 via Scrapple is but one of the many varieties of dishes that arose from the need for the poorer classes in society to use as much of their butchered hogs as possible. This frugality has given more than one wag cause to refer to scrapple as "everything but the oink."
  8. "Scrapple". Lexico. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  9. Weaver, William Roys (2003). Country Scrapple: An American Tradition. Stackpole Books. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-8117-0064-1.
  10. "Definition of "pannhas"". Random House Unabridged Dictionary. 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  11. "HistoryScrapple, Liverwurst and Smoked Meat Products | Habbersett | Habbersett Scrapple". Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  12. Amy Strauss (October 9, 2017). Pennsylvania Scrapple: A Delectable History. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-1-4396-6298-4.
  13. Pollard, Kit Waskom (January 24, 2018). "Unpacking scrapple: How a loaf made from pig scraps became Baltimore's favorite breakfast meat". Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  14. "Scrapple Rooted in the Delaware Valley". Delmarva Now. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
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