Royal Oak Charter Township, Michigan

Royal Oak Charter Township is a charter township in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,374.[3] The city of Royal Oak is slightly to the north and is administered autonomously.

Royal Oak Township, Michigan
Charter Township of Royal Oak
Royal Oak Township Administrative Offices
Location within Oakland County
Royal Oak Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Royal Oak Township
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 42°27′11″N 83°10′13″W
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyOakland
Established1833
Chartered1972
Government
  SupervisorDonna Squalls
  ClerkGwendolyn Turner
Area
  Total0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
  Land0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
659 ft (201 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total2,374
  Density4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48220 (Ferndale)
Area code(s)248
FIPS code26-70060[1]
GNIS feature ID1627012[2]
WebsiteOfficial website

The township is the only remaining unincorporated portion of the original 36-square-mile (93.2 km2) Royal Oak survey township, which was organized in 1833. With a present-day area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), Royal Oak Charter Township is the state's smallest charter township by area and the second-smallest overall township in the state after Novi Township.

History

Royal Oak Township was established in 1833 as a regular, 36-square-mile (93 km2) civil township, and at one time consisted of all or parts of the following modern cities: Hazel Park, Ferndale, Oak Park, Madison Heights, Pleasant Ridge, Huntington Woods, Royal Oak, Berkley, and Clawson. The township began to shrink beginning in 1921 with the incorporation of the cities above. To provide greater protection from easy annexation, the township incorporated as a charter township in 1972.[4] Currently, the township has neither its own police department nor a post office. Its police department was disbanded in 1998.

2003 and 2004 annexations

From the incorporation of Madison Heights in 1955 to 2004, the township consisted of two small non-contiguous parts within Oakland County. The larger portion lies along Eight Mile Road, adjacent to the cities of Detroit, Oak Park, and Ferndale. A second portion, located to the northwest and bordering Oak Park and Southfield, was the subject of a series of annexations and conditional land transfers in 2003 & 2004[5][6]

Two property-initiated annexation elections in 2003 consisted of Crown Pointe Plaza office complex, Lincoln Towers Apartments, Biarritz Club/Rue Versailles Apartments, in which the township was estimated to have lost 20% of its property tax value to Oak Park.[5] The property owners cited lower taxes in the city of Oak Park and poor relations with the township's government as reasons for seeking annexation.[5] Two additional property owners initiated an annexation to Oak Park in 2004, which involved the annexation of the Bridgewater Village Apartments and Lincoln Woods Apartments.[5]

Lawsuits were filed by the township seeking to overturn these annexations; to make the transfer of the territory to the city more amicable and to end litigiation, Oak Park initiated talks with the township on a 425 Agreement in September 2004, which allows the transfer of territory conditioned on the sharing of taxes generated from the transferred territory.[7][8] The 425 agreement, which was to run 35 years and covered all previously annexed areas of the township - except Bridgewater Village Apartments - plus the remaining unannexed areas of the township, was agreed upon by the city and township in October. It came into effect on November 1, 2004, the day preceding the election to annex Bridgewater Village and Lincoln Woods Apartments, fully completeing the transfer of the northwest part of the township to Oak Park, and ending litigation from the township against the city.[9][10] Oak Park amended the 425 Agreement on January 16, 2006 to bring in Bridgewater Village Apartments after resolving litigiation with the property owner concerning taxes and the associated costs of annexation.[11]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
192015,432
193026,27770.3%
194024,958−5.0%
195010,508−57.9%
19608,147−22.5%
19706,326−22.4%
19805,784−8.6%
19905,006−13.5%
20005,4468.8%
20102,419−55.6%
20202,374−1.9%

2020 census

As of the 2020 census,[3] there were 2,374 people living in the township. The population density was 4,316.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,666.5/km2). 1,106 housing units at an average density of 2,010 per square mile (780/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 5.0% White, 89.7% African American, 0.0% Native American, 0.0% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,419 people living in the township. The population density was 4,398.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,698.1/km2). There were 1,111 housing units at an average density of 2,020.0 per square mile (779.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 1.4% White, 95.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.0% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

2000 census

There were 1,211 households, out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.1% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.5% were non-families. 44.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the township the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $23,710, and the median income for a family was $28,397. Males had a median income of $28,824 versus $26,382 for females. The per capita income for the township was $15,027. About 19.9% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 30.4% of those age 65 and over.

Government

A charter township, it is governend by a popularly elected 7-member board of trustees, which includeds a township supervisor, clerk and treasurer as its administrative officers.

For public safety, the township contracts with the Michigan State Police for police services and the Ferndale Fire Department for fire services. For postal purposes, the community records its location as "Ferndale, MI 48220".

Education

The township is divided between Oak Park School District and Ferndale Public Schools.[12]

The Clinton School District previously served Royal Oak Township. The majority black George Washington Carver School District separated from the Clinton district in 1945 as more African-Americans moved to the area. In 1960 Governor of Michigan G. Mennen Williams consolidated the Carver School District, along with its elementary school, into the Oak Park School District because the Carver district no longer had sufficient taxes to pay for a senior high school services, and no area school districts voluntarily took its students for high school.[13]

Economy

At the northernmost point of the township lies Radio Plaza, which, bordered by Radio Plaza Street on the west, serves as home to Beasley Broadcast Group, and Salem Media Group's Detroit market headquarters, as well as Motower Multilink Corporation's 993 foot radio tower. WDTK, WLQV, WCSX, WMGC, and WRIF are all based out of Radio Plaza in Royal Oak Township.

Highways

  • I-75 runs south–north just to the east of the city boundaries.
  • I-696 runs east–west and forms the northernmost boundaries of the township with the junction at I-75.
  • M-1, known locally as Woodward Avenue, runs south–north through the center of the township.
  • M-108, known locally as East Eight Mile Road, runs east–west as the southern border of the township with the city of Detroit.

Images

References

  1. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Royal Oak Charter Township, Michigan
  3. "Decennial Census, P1 RACE 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". Census.data. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  4. Population Estimates Geographic Change Notes:
  5. Carr, Robert. "Annexation Ballot for 3 Properties Set for Aug. 5". GlobeSt.com. ALM Real Estate Media Group. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  6. "City of Oak Park Michigan City Board of Canvassers, November 5, 2003". Open Oakland. Oakland County, Michigan. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  7. Edgar, Julie (22 Sep 2004). "Plan could end annexation losses and benefit Royal Oak Township". Detroit Free Press. Joyce Jenereaux.
  8. Edgar, Julie (21 October 2004). "Oak Park, neighbors to settle land differences". Detroit Free Press. Joyce Jenereaux.
  9. Neighbors
  10. "CITY OF OAK PARK MICHIGAN SPECIAL COUNCIL MEETING NOVEMBER 1, 2004". oakparkmi.gov. Municode. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  11. "CITY OF OAK PARK REGULAR COUNCIL MEETING JANUARY 16, 2006". oakparkmi.gov. municode. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  12. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Oakland County, MI" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 29, 2015.
  13. State of Michigan. "Carver Elementary School" In: Ashlee, Laura Rose (editor). Traveling Through Time: A Guide to Michigan's Historical Markers. University of Michigan Press, 2005. ISBN 0472030663, 9780472030668. p. [https://books.google.com/books?id=Xd-mh9r0zEkC&pg=PA327 327.
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