Rosette (cookie)

Rosette cookies (Norwegian: rosettbakkels[1]) are thin, cookie-like fritters made with iron molds that are found in many cultures. Rosettes are crispy and typified by their lacy pattern. Rosettes are traditionally made during Christmas time. Rosette recipes are popular in the United States among families with Scandinavian ancestry.[2]

Rosette irons

Rosette
Sugared rosettes from a bakery
TypeFritter
CourseSnack, dessert
Main ingredientsBatter (wheat flour, milk, sugar, salt, eggs)
VariationsTimbale, Kembang goyang

They are made using intricately designed rosette irons. These sweet fried cookies are shaped like a rose,[3] complete with holes to represent layers of petals.[4] The batter is a blend of wheat flour, eggs, sugar and whole milk. The iron has a handle with a bow shape attached to the outermost. The iron is heated to a very high temperature in oil, dipped into the batter, then re-immersed in the hot oil to create a crisp shell around the metal. The iron is lifted from the oil after a short time and the rosette is separated from the iron. Usually, the edges of rosettes are dipped into frosting or sugar.[5][6]

Swedish timbale can be made with rosette batter using a timbale mold instead of an iron. These can be made with savory fillings like creamed chicken and mushrooms.[7]

Preparation

Rosette cookies are made with a rosette iron. This specialized tool has a long handle and with a metal shape, commonly stars, flowers, snowflakes or Christmas trees. The metal is heated in hot oil before it is dipped in batter. Returning the iron to the oil, the batter is detached from the mold when it is partially cooked and gently flipped to finish cooking. They are usually topped with sugar or honey.[1] The process was recorded in the 19th century Ottoman cookbook Aşçı başı.

Geographic distribution

Rose cookies from India

Versions of this cookie exist in northern Europe, Iran, Turkey, Sri Lanka (kokis), and other places.[1]

They are typical of Anglo-Indian cuisine and a favourite among Indian Christians during the Christmas season.[8][9] They are very popular[10] in Kerala. In India, they are made from flour, sugar, eggs and coconut milk.

Other names

This type of fritter exists in many cultures and is known as struvor in Swedish, flores manchegas and ("Manchegan flowers") in Spain. They are called in Norwegian: rosettbakkels; rosetter; Danish: rosetbakkelse; and Finnish: rosetti.

In the Middle East and western Asia, it is called shirini panjerei شیرینی پنجره‌ای in Iran, demir tatlisi in Turkish, and chebbak el-janna in Tunisian cuisine. In Afghanistan they are called kulcha-e-panjerei (window biscuits). In Sri Lanka It's kokis.[1]

They are called rose cookies or rose biscuits in Indian English. In Bangladesh Its called Fuljhuri pitha or Fulkuchi pitha. In Malaysia it is called kuih Loyang. They are called Gulabi Puvvulu in Telugu.[11] In Tamil it is called Acchu Murukku and in Malayalam it is Achappam.

See also

References

  1. The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets. Oxford University Press.
  2. "Rosetter (rosettbakkelse)". tine.no. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. 10 Traditional Christmas Sweet Recipe Retrieved 30 November 2013
  4. Good ol’ Christmas Retrieved 30 November 2013
  5. Kari Diehl (26 January 2019). "How to Make Scandinavian Rosette Cookies". thespruceeats.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  6. "How to Make Rosettes Cookies". thatskinnychickcanbake. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  7. The Delta Cook Book: A Collection of Tested Recipes, Recommended by Experienced Housekeepers. First Methodist Church Ladie's Aid Society. 1917. p. 24.
  8. Bear, Laura (2007). Lines of the Nation: Indian Railway Workers, Bureaucracy, and the Intimate Historical Self. ISBN 9780231140027.
  9. Carsten, Janet (15 April 2008). Ghosts of Memory: Essays on Remembrance and Relatedness. ISBN 9780470691540.
  10. Experiencing the true spirit of Xmas in Kerala Retrieved 30 November 2013
  11. A rosy sweet for Christmas "Rose Cookies" by Esme Stephens Retrieved 30 November 2013
  • Astrid Karlsen Scott (2000) Authentic Norwegian Cooking (Nordic Adventures) ISBN 978-0963433978
  • Jan Hedh (2012) Swedish Cookies, Tarts, and Pies (Skyhorse) ISBN 978-1616088262
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