Rhynchophorus, or common name palm weevils, is a genus of beetles in the weevil family, Curculionidae. Palm weevils are major pests of various trees in the family Arecaceae throughout the tropics including: coconut (Cocos nucifera), Areca catechu, species of the genus Phoenix, and Metroxylon sagu.[3] Two species are invasive pests outside their native ranges, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus[4] and Rhynchophorus palmarum.[5]

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Curculionidae
Subfamily: Dryophthorinae
Tribe: Rhynchophorini
Genus: Rhynchophorus
Herbst, 1795

10 species; see text

  • Calandra[2]
  • Cordyle Thunberg, 1797
  • Rynchophorus Herbst, 1795 (lapsus calami)


ImageCommon nameScientific nameNative distribution
black palm weevilRhynchophorus bilineatus (Montrouzier, 1857)Moluccas, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands
palmetto weevilRhynchophorus cruentatus (Fabricius, 1775)Florida, but has been found as far as southern Texas to the west and South Carolina to the north.
Rhynchophorus distinctus Wattanapongsiri, 1966Kalimantan
red palm weevilRhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier, 1790) (aka Calandra ferruginea (Fabricius, 1801))tropical Asia, Sri Lanka and the Philippines
Rhynchophorus labatus Ritsema, 1882Sumatra
South American palm weevilRhynchophorus palmarum (Linnaeus, 1758)Argentina to Paraguay and north through South and Central America to central Mexico and the Caribbean (Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and perhaps Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico
African palm weevilRhynchophorus phoenicis (Fabricius, 1801)Senegal to Ethiopia and South Africa.
Rhynchophorus quadrangulus Quedenfeldt, 1888Cameroon
Rhynchophorus richteri Wattanapongsiri, 1966
Sago palm weevilRhynchophorus vulneratus (Panzer, 1798)Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand


  1. Wattanapongsiri, A. 1966. A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Department of Agriculture Science Bulletin 1: 1-328
  2. Rhode, B.E.; Crosby, T.K. (16 July 2012). "Red Palm Weevil - Other Names". Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre - PaDIL. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  3. Giant palm weevils of the genus Rhynchophorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and their threat to Florida palms. Pest Alert. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. 2010.
  4. Rugman-Jones P.F., Hoddle C.D., Hoddle M.S., Stouthamer R. (2013). "The Lesser of Two Weevils: Molecular-Genetics of Pest Palm Weevil Populations Confirm Rhynchophorus vulneratus (Panzer 1798) as a Valid Species Distinct from R. ferrugineus (Olivier 1790), and Reveal the Global Extent of Both". PLoS ONE. 8 (10): e78379. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...878379R. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078379. PMC 3797061. PMID 24143263.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. Biology and Management of South American Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in California

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