President of the Federal Senate (Brazil)

The president of the Federal Senate, sometimes referred to as the President of the Senate, is the presiding officer of the Federal Senate of Brazil.

President of the Federal Senate
Presidente do Senado Federal
Flag of the Senate
Incumbent
Rodrigo Pacheco
since 1 February 2021
Style
  • Mr. President, or even simply President
    (informal)
  • The Most Excellent Mr. President of the Senate/Congress
    (formal)
  • His Excellency
    (alternative formal, diplomatic)
StatusPresiding officer
ResidenceLago Sul, Brasília, Federal District
SeatNational Congress, Brasília, Federal District
AppointerFederal Senate
Elected by the Senate
Term lengthTwo years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Brazil
Formation25 March 1824 (1824-03-25)
First holderJosé Egídio Álvares de Almeida
24 April 1826
SuccessionThird
SalaryR$405,156 annually[1]

In addition to chairing the chamber's debates and ordering its business, the president of the Federal Senate stands third in the order of presidential succession, after the vice-president of the republic and the president of the Chamber of Deputies, but before the president (chief justice) of the Supreme Federal Court.[2] The Federal Senate president is also a member of the Council of the Republic,[3] and presides over joint sessions of the Legislative branch, in his capacity as ex officio president of the National Congress. Until 25 August 1961, this position was held ex officio by the vice-president of the republic.

The current president of the Federal Senate is Rodrigo Pacheco of the Social Democratic Party, elected on 1 February 2021.

List of presidents of the Senate

Empire of Brazil (1826–1889)

Name[4] Image Served Party Original province
Reign of Pedro I of Brazil (1822–1831)
José Egídio Alvares de Almeida 1826–1827 None Bahia
José Caetano da Silva Coutinho 1827–1832 None São Paulo
Regency period (1831–1840)
Bento Barroso Pereira 1832–1836 None Minas Gerais
Antônio Luís Pereira da Cunha 1837–1837 None Pernambuco
Manuel Jacinto Nogueira da Gama 1838–1838 None Minas Gerais
Diogo Antônio Feijó 1839–1840 Liberal Rio de Janeiro
Reign of Pedro II of Brazil (1840–1889)
Francisco Vilela Barbosa 1840–1841 None Rio de Janeiro
Estêvão Ribeiro de Resende 1841–1841 None Minas Gerais
José da Costa Cavalho 1842–1843 Conservative Bahia
João Vieira de Cavalho 1844–1847 Conservative Ceará
Luís José de Oliveira Mendes 1847–1850 None Piauí
Cândido José de Araújo Viana 1851–1853 None Minas Gerais
Manuel Inácio Cavalcanti de Lacerda 1854–1861 Conservative Pernambuco
Antônio Paulino Limpo de Abreu 1861–1873 Conservative Minas Gerais
José Ildefonso de Sousa Ramos 1874–1881 Conservative Minas Gerais
João Maurício Wanderley 1881–1885 Conservative Bahia
Brás Carneiro Nogueira da Casta e Gama 1885–1887 Liberal Rio de Janeiro
João Lins Vieira Cansanção de Sinimbu 1887–1888 Liberal Alagoas
Antônio Cândido da Cruz Machado 1888–1888 Conservative Minas Gerais
Paulino José Soares de Sousa Filho 1889–1889 Conservative Rio de Janeiro

Brazilian Republic (1889 - today)

Name[5][6][7][8] Image Served Party Original state
First Brazilian Republic (1889–1930)
Floriano Vieira Peixoto 1891 None  Mato Grosso
Prudente de Morais 1891–1894 Federal Republican Party  São Paulo
Manuel Vitorino 1895–1898 Federal Republican Party  Bahia
Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva 1898–1902 Federal Republican Party  Pernambuco
Afonso Pena 1902–1906 Minas Republican Party  Minas Gerais
Nilo Peçanha 1896–1909 Fluminense Republican Party  Rio de Janeiro
Venceslau Brás 1910–1914 Minas Republican Party  Minas Gerais
Urbano Santos da Costa Araújo 1914–1918 Minas Republican Party  Maranhão
Delfim Moreira 1918–1920 Minas Republican Party  Minas Gerais
Bueno de Paiva 1920–1922 Minas Republican Party  Minas Gerais
Estácio Coimbra 1922–1926 Barreiros Republican Party  Pernambuco
Fernando de Melo Viana 1926–1930 Minas Republican Party  Minas Gerais
Second Brazilian Republic (1930–1937)
Antônio Garcia de Medeiros Neto 1935–1937 Liberal Alliance  Bahia
Valdomiro de Barros Magalhães 1936 Liberal Alliance  Minas Gerais
Fourth Brazilian Republic (1946–1964)
Nereu Ramos 1946–1951 Social Democratic Party  Santa Catarina
Marcondes Filho 1951–1954 Brazilian Labour Party  São Paulo
Apolônio Jorge de Faria Salles 1956–1958 Social Democratic Party  Pernambuco
João Goulart 1956–1961 Brazilian Labour Party  Rio Grande do Sul
Auro Soares de Moura Andrade 1961–1968 Social Democratic Party  São Paulo
Military Dictatorship (1964–1985)
Auro Soares de Moura Andrade 1961–1968 Social Democratic Party  São Paulo
Gilberto Marinho 1968–1970 National Renewal Alliance Guanabara
João Cleofas de Oliveira 1970–1971 National Renewal Alliance  Pernambuco
Petrônio Portela Nunes 1971–1973 National Renewal Alliance  Piauí
Filinto Müller 1973 National Renewal Alliance  Mato Grosso
Paulo Francisco Torres 1973–1975 National Renewal Alliance  Rio de Janeiro
Magalhães Pinto 1975–1977 National Renewal Alliance  Minas Gerais
Petrônio Portela Nunes 1977–1979 National Renewal Alliance  Piauí
Luiz Viana Filho 1979–1981 National Renewal Alliance  Bahia
Jarbas Passarinho 1981–1983 Democratic Social Party  Pará
Nilo de Souza Coelho 1983 Democratic Social Party  Pernambuco
Moacyr Dalla 1983–1985 Democratic Social Party  Espírito Santo
Sixth Brazilian Republic (1985–present)
José Fragelli 1985–1987 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Mato Grosso do Sul
Humberto Lucena 1987–1989 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Paraíba
Nelson Carneiro 1989–1991 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Rio de Janeiro
Mauro Benevides 1991–1993 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Ceará
Humberto Lucena 1993–1995 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Paraíba
José Sarney 1995–1997 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Amapá
Antonio Carlos Magalhães 1997–2001 Liberal Front Party  Bahia
Jader Barbalho 2001 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Pará
Edison Lobão 2001 Liberal Front Party  Maranhão
Ramez Tebet 2001–2003 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Mato Grosso do Sul
José Sarney 2003–2005 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Amapá
Renan Calheiros 2005–2007 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Alagoas
Tião Viana 2007 (interim) Workers' Party  Acre
Garibaldi Alves Filho 2007–2009 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Rio Grande do Norte
José Sarney 2009-2013 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Amapá
Renan Calheiros 2013–2017 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Alagoas
Eunício Oliveira 2017—2019 Brazilian Democratic Movement  Ceará
Davi Alcolumbre 2019—2021 Democrats  Amapá
Rodrigo Pacheco 2021–present Social Democratic Party  Minas Gerais

See also

  • President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil

References

  1. Santos, Larissa (11 January 2021). "Saiba quanto ganham os presidentes do Senado e da Câmara". CNN Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  2. Constitution of 5 October 1988, Art. 80. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Constituicao/Constituiçao.htm
  3. Constitution, Art. 89.
  4. "Império (1826-1889) - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.
  5. "República Velha (1889 - 1930) - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.
  6. "Pós-1930 - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.
  7. "Pós-1964 - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.
  8. "Nova República - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.
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