Poa secunda

Poa secunda (variously known by the common names of Sandberg bluegrass,[2][3][4] alkali bluegrass,[4] big bluegrass,[4] Canby's bluegrass,[2] Nevada bluegrass,[4] one-sided bluegrass,[3] Pacific bluegrass,[2] pine blugrass,[2] slender bluegrass,[2] wild bluegrass,[4] and curly bluegrass[1]) is a widespread species of perennial bunchgrass native to North and South America.[4] It is highly resistant to drought conditions, and provides excellent fodder;[3] and has also been used in controlling soil erosion,[4] and as revegetator,[4] often after forest fires.[6] Cultivars include 'Canbar', 'Service', 'Sherman', and 'Supernova'.[7] Historically, indigenous Americans, such as the Gosiute of Utah, have used P. secunda for food.[8] It was originally described botanically in 1830 by Jan Svatopluk Presl, from a holotype collected from Chile by Thaddäus Haenke in 1790.[2]

Poa secunda

Secure  (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Poa
P. secunda
Binomial name
Poa secunda

N O T E : This list has been aggregated from three sources, each having considerably differing lists of taxa

  • Festuca oregona Vasey
  • Glyceria canbyi Scribn.
  • Poa ampla Merr.
  • P. brachyglossa Piper
  • P. buckleyana Nash
  • P. canbyi (Scribn.) Howell
  • P. confusa Rydb.
  • P. englishii H.St.John & Hardin
  • P. gracillima Vasey
  • P. g. var. multnomae (Piper) C.L.Hitchc.
  • P. incurva Scribn. & T.A.Williams
  • P. juncifolia Scribn.
  • P. j. var. juncifolia
  • P. j. subsp. porteri D.D.Keck
  • P. j. var. ampla (Merr.) Dorn
  • P. laevigata Scribn.
  • P. nevadensis Vasey ex Scribn.
  • P. n. var. juncifolia (Scribn.) Beetle
  • P. orcuttiana Vasey
  • P. sandbergii Vasey
  • P. scabrella (Thurb.) Benth. ex Vasey
  • P. secunda Zea ex Roem. & Schult. (nom inval.)
  • P. se. var. elongata (Vasey) Dorn (poss.)
  • P. se. var. incurva (Scribn. & T.A.Williams) Beetle (poss.)
  • P. se. subsp. juncifolia (Scribn.) Soreng (poss.)
  • P. se. subsp. secunda
  • P. se. var. stenophylla (Vasey ex Beal) Beetle (poss.)
  • P. stenantha var. sandbergii (Vasey) B.Boivin

Native distribution


  1. Poa secunda. NatureServe. 2012.
  2. Poa secunda was originally described and published in Reliquiae Haenkeanae 1(4–5): 271. 1830. "Name - Poa secunda J.Presl". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  3. "Profile for Poa secunda (Sandberg bluegrass)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  4. "Poa secunda". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  5. "TPL, treatment of Poa secunda J.Presl". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  6. Fact Sheet available in PDF and DOC form from USDA PLANTS Profile
  7. "Conservation Plant Characteristics for Poa secunda (Sandberg bluegrass)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  8. Chamberlin, R. V. (1911). "The Ethno-Botany of the Gosiute Indians of Utah". Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association. 2 (5): 331–405 (p. 377).

Poa secunda, Idaho
Poa secunda in summer dry season

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