People's Conscience Party

The People's Conscience Party (Indonesian: Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat), better known by its abbreviation, Hanura, is a political party in Indonesia. It was established following a meeting in Jakarta on 13–14 December 2006 and first headed by former Indonesian National Armed Forces commander Wiranto.[3][4] The party lost its seats in parliament after a poor performance in the 2019 general election.

People's Conscience Party
Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat
General ChairmanOesman Sapta Odang
Secretary-GeneralKodrat Shah
Founded21 December 2006 (21 December 2006)
Split fromGolkar
HeadquartersJakarta
Student wingSapma Hanura (Hanura Student and Colleger Unit)
Youth wingLasmura (Hanura Young Army)
Women's wingPerempuan Hanura (Hanura Women)
Srikandi Hanura
Membership (2022)362,891[1]
IdeologyPancasila
Political positionCentre[2]
National affiliationOnward Indonesia Coalition
Anthem"Mars Hanura"
("Hanura March")
Ballot number10
DPR seats
0 / 575
DPRD I seats
61 / 2,207
Website
partaihanura.or.id

Background

After being eliminated in the first round of the 2004 Indonesian presidential election, Wiranto was "traumatized" by his defeat and decided not to run for the presidency without his own political vehicle. He resigned from Golkar Party in 2006 and established Hanura, targeting voters who had supported him in 2004. The party conducted a door-to-door grassroots campaign. The basis of its support is in West Java, Gorontalo, South Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara and Bali The party's target in the 2004 elections was 15 percent of the vote.[5]

The result of the Indonesian legislative election, 2009 was announced on 9 May 2009. Hanura won 3.77 percent of the national vote, which translated into 18 legislative seats. The party had supported Golkar chairman Jusuf Kalla for the presidency, in which both parties lost out to the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle and the Democratic Party. Hanura chairman Wiranto was his vice-presidential candidate, despite Wiranto's previous statement that he would not settle for the vice-presidency.[6][7] Following cabinet reshuffle in July 2016, Wiranto was appointed as coordinating minister for politics, legal and security affairs, prompting the party to hold a convention to select Wiranto's successor as party chairman.[8]

In Indonesia's 2019 general election, Hanura won only 1.54% of the vote and lost its 16 seats in the national parliament.[9]

On 18 December 2019, Wiranto resigned as chairman of the Hanura Board of Trustees, saying he wanted to focus on his appointment as chairman of the Presidential Advisory Council. He denied having been pushed out of the party, but he acknowledged the party had suffered internal conflict and that he was not invited to a recent national conference.[10]

List of chairmen

Name Period
Wiranto 2006–2016
Oesman Sapta Odang 2016–present

Election results

Legislative election results

Election Ballot number Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
2009 1
17 / 560
3,925,620 3.77%[11] 17 seats, Opposition Wiranto
2014 10
16 / 560
6,579,498 5.26%[12] 1 seat, Governing coalition Wiranto
2019 13
0 / 575
2,161,507 1.54%[13] 16 seats Governing coalition Oesman Sapta Odang

Presidential election results

Election Ballot number Pres. candidate Running mate 1st round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome 2nd round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome
2009 3 Jusuf Kalla Wiranto 15,081,814 12.41% Lost N
2014 2 Joko Widodo[14] Jusuf Kalla 70,997,833 53.15% Elected Y
2019 01 Joko Widodo Ma'ruf Amin 85,607,362 55.50% Elected Y

References

  1. "Info Pemilu - Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat". Komisi Pemilihan Umum RI. 22 December 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  2. "Analisis Spektrum Politik Indonesia: Benarkah Semua Parpol Sama Saja?". Archived from the original on 2021-07-12. Retrieved 2021-07-12.
  3. Profil Partai Politik (Profile of Political Parties), Kompas newspaper 14 July 2008 pp. 38-39
  4. Jane Perlez (February 26, 2003). "Indonesian General Is Charged". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  5. Tempo magazine No. 0931/March 31-April 06, 2009, pp28-29
  6. "KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR)". Indonesian General Election Commission (in Indonesian). 14 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  7. "Wiranto Tolak Jadi Cawapres ARB, Golkar Lirik dari Partai Demokrat (Wiranto refuses to be a vice-presidential candidate)". Jakarta Observer (in Indonesian). April 2014. Archived from the original on 2017-02-11. Retrieved 2017-02-10.
  8. Karlis Salna; Yudith Ho (July 27, 2016). "Jokowi Taps Ex-Generals Amid Terrorism Threat, China Tensions". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 2016-08-06. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  9. Nathalia, Telly (21 May 2019). "Jokowi Wins Re-Election, PDI-P Wins Most Seats". Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  10. "Fokus di Wantimpres, Wiranto Mundur dari Dewan Pembina Hanura". CNN Indonesia. 18 December 2019. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  11. "Bab V - Hasil Pemilu - KPU" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  12. "KPU sahkan hasil pemilu, PDIP nomor satu" (in Indonesian). BBC. 10 May 2014. Archived from the original on 1 March 2021. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  13. Zunita Putri (21 May 2019). "KPU Tetapkan Hasil Pileg 2019: PDIP Juara, Disusul Gerindra-Golkar". Detik.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  14. "Jokowi dan JK daftar ke KPU" (in Indonesian). BBC. 19 May 2014. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
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