Peerage of the United Kingdom

The Peerage of the United Kingdom is one of the five Peerages in the United Kingdom. It comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898 (the last creation was the Barony of Curzon of Kedleston).

The House of Lords Act 1999 reformed the House of Lords. Until then, all peers of the United Kingdom were automatically members of the House of Lords. However, from that date, most of the hereditary peers ceased to be members, whereas the life peers retained their seats. All hereditary peers of the first creation (i.e. those for whom a peerage was originally created, as opposed to those who inherited a peerage), and all surviving hereditary peers who had served as Leader of the House of Lords, were offered a life peerage to allow them to continue to sit in the House should they wish.

Peers in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Ireland did not have an automatic seat in the House of Lords following the Acts of Union of 1707 and 1800, though the law permitted a limited number to be elected by their fellows to serve in the House of Lords as representative peers. Some peerages of the United Kingdom were created to get around this obstacle and allow certain Scottish and Irish peers to enjoy the automatic right to sit in the House of Lords.[1][2][lower-alpha 1][4][5][lower-alpha 2]

Key

Non-partisan   Royal Family/Household
  Civil Service
  Clergy
  HM judiciary
  Commonwealth judiciary
  Privy Counsellor of the United Kingdom/Ireland/Northern Ireland
Partisan   Conservative Party
  Independent politician
  Irish Unionist Alliance
  Labour Party
  Liberal Party
  Liberal Unionist Party
  National Liberal Party
  Scottish Unionist Party
  Speaker of the House of Commons
  Tory Party
  Ulster Unionist Party
  Whig Party
  Commonwealth politician
  Other politician

Ranks

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[7]

The last non-royal dukedom was created in 1900, and the last marquessate was created in 1936. Creation of the remaining ranks, except baronies for life, mostly ceased once Harold Wilson's Labour government took office in 1964, and only thirteen (nine non-royal and four royal) people have been created hereditary peers since then. These were:

Grantee Date of Creation Title(s) Noted for
The 1st Baron Dilhorne 7 December 1964 Viscount Dilhorne Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Sir Robert Grimston, Bt. 11 December 1964 Baron Grimston of Westbury Former Member of Parliament.
Frederick Erroll 19 December 1964 (extinct 2000) Baron Erroll of Hale Former Cabinet Minister.
Sir Robert Renwick, Bt. 23 December 1964 Baron Renwick
Michael Hughes-Young 31 December 1964 Baron St Helens Former Member of Parliament.
John Morrison 1 January 1965 Baron Margadale Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee.
William Whitelaw 16 June 1983 (extinct 1999) Viscount Whitelaw Former Home Secretary.
George Thomas 11 July 1983 (extinct 1997) Viscount Tonypandy Former Speaker of the House of Commons.
Harold Macmillan 24 February 1984 Earl of Stockton
Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
Former Prime Minister.
Prince Andrew 23 July 1986 Duke of York
Earl of Inverness
Baron Killyleagh
Second son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day.
Prince Edward 19 June 1999 Earl of Wessex
Viscount Severn
Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day.
Prince William 29 April 2011 Duke of Cambridge
Earl of Strathearn
Baron Carrickfergus
First son of King Charles III on his wedding day.
Prince Harry 18 May 2018 Duke of Sussex
Earl of Dumbarton
Baron Kilkeel
Second son of King Charles III on his wedding day.
Prince Edward 10 March 2019 Earl of Forfar Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on 55th birthday (used by the Earl and his wife as their primary title when they are in Scotland).[8]

Dukes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Peerage of the United Kingdom created for a Peer of Scotland or Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

11 May 1814 Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington Military Peerage–Army. The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III

28 January 1833 George Leveson-Gower, Marquess of Stafford King William IV

27 February 1874 Hugh Grosvenor, Marquess of Westminster Queen Victoria

13 January 1876 Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of Richmond He was an incumbent cabinet minister.

24 May 1881 Prince Leopold Currently suspended.

7 April 1892 George Campbell, Duke of Argyll He was a former cabinet minister and father-in-law of Princess Louise daughter of Queen Victoria.

24 April 1900 Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife He was the son-in-law of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) [lower-alpha 3]

31 April 1928 Prince Henry On his 28th birthday. King George V

12 October 1934 Prince George In anticipation of his forthcoming marriage to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark.

23 July 1986 Prince Andrew On his wedding day to Sarah Ferguson. Queen Elizabeth II

29 April 2011 Prince William of Wales On his wedding day to Catherine Middleton.

18 May 2018 Prince Harry of Wales On his wedding day to Meghan Markle.

Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Peerage of the United Kingdom created for a Peer of Scotland or Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

4 February 1801 Henry Cecil, Earl of Exeter King George III

7 September 1812 Charles Compton, Earl of Northampton The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III

  • Marquess Camden
  • Earl of Brecknock
7 September 1812 John Pratt, Earl Camden He was the former Viceroy of Ireland.

3 October 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Wellington Military Peerage–Army.

4 July 1815 Henry Paget, Earl of Uxbridge Military Peerage–Army.

22 November 1815 George Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley He was the incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

  • Marquess of Ailesbury
  • Earl Bruce
  • Viscount Savernake
17 July 1821 Charles Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury King George IV

30 June 1826 Frederick Hervey, Earl of Bristol

10 September 1831 Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis[note 2] King William IV

13 September 1831 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Robert Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor

  • Marquess of Normanby
25 June 1838 Constantine Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave He was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland. Queen Victoria

14 January 1876 William Nevill, Earl of Abergavenny

22 August 1892 Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Zetland He was the former Viceroy of Ireland.

27 October 1902 John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun He was the incumbent Governor-General of Australia. King Edward VII

4 January 1916 John Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen He was the former Governor General of Canada and former Viceroy of Ireland. King George V

  • Marquess of Milford Haven
  • Earl of Medina
  • Viscount Alderney
7 November 1917 Prince Louis of Battenberg He relinquished his German titles.

7 May 1926 Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading He was the former Viceroy of India and former Lord Chief Justice of England.

Earls in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Peerage of the United Kingdom created for a Peer of Scotland or Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

21 April 1801 Alexander Wedderburn, Baron Loughborough He was the former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 1] King George III

18 June 1801 William Craven, Baron Craven

19 June 1801 George Onslow, Baron Onslow

22 June 1801 Charles Marsham, Baron Romney

23 June 1801 Thomas Pelham, Baron Pelham of Stanmer

  • Earl of Wilton
  • Viscount Grey de Wilton
26 June 1801 Thomas Egerton, Baron Grey de Radcliffe [note 1]

14 May 1804 Edward Clive, Baron Clive He was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

20 November 1805 William Nelson, Esq. He was the brother of Horatio Nelson.[note 1]

11 April 1806 Charles Grey, Baron Grey Military Peerage–Army.

7 April 1807 William Lowther, Viscount Lowther

19 July 1809 Dudley Ryder, Baron Harrowby He was the former Foreign Secretary.

28 February 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington Military Peerage–Army.

  • Earl of Mulgrave
  • Viscount Normanby
7 September 1812 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave He was the former Foreign Secretary.

7 September 1812 Edward Lascelles, Baron Harewood

24 February 1813 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Baron Minto He was the incumbent Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William.

16 July 1814 William Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart Military Peerage–Army.

  • Earl of Verulam
  • Viscount Grimston
24 November 1815 James Grimston, Viscount Grimston

28 November 1815 John Eliot, Baron Eliot [note 1]

29 November 1815 John Parker, Baron Boringdon

30 November 1815 Orlando Bridgeman, Baron Bradford

7 July 1821 John Scott, Baron Eldon He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. King George IV

16 July 1821 Richard Curzon-Howe, Viscount Curzon

18 July 1821 John Rous, Baron Rous

4 February 1822 Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham [note 1]

Earl Vane
Viscount Seaham
8 July 1823 Charles Vane, Marquess of Londonderry He was the former Ambassador to Austria.[note 1]

6 October 1827 John Campbell, Baron Cawdor

15 September 1831 Held by the Duke of Devonshire in the Peerage of England since 1858. King William IV
Lord George Cavendish, MP[note 3]

15 September 1831 Thomas Anson, Viscount Anson He was the incumbent Master of the Buckhounds.

  • Earl of Durham
  • Viscount Lambton
23 March 1833 John Lambton, Baron Durham He was the incumbent Ambassador to Russia.

10 May 1833 Granville Leveson-Gower, Viscount Granville He was the incumbent Ambassador to France and former Ambassador to Russia.

27 January 1837 Kenneth Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham Military Peerage–Army.

  • Earl of Ducie
  • Baron Moreton
28 January 1837 Thomas Reynolds-Moreton, Baron Ducie

30 January 1837 Charles Anderson-Pelham, Baron Yarborough

11 August 1837 James Innes-Ker, Duke of Roxburghe Queen Victoria

12 August 1837 Thomas Coke, Esq.

2 July 1838 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Lawrence Dundas, Baron Dundas

16 August 1841 Charles Noel, Baron Barham

6 July 1846 Held by the Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1963.
Lord Francis Egerton, PC, PC (Ire), MP[note 4] He was a former cabinet minister.

18 September 1847 John Byng, Baron Strafford Military Peerage–Army.

  • Earl of Cottenham
  • Viscount Crowhurst
11 June 1850 Charles Pepys, Baron Cottenham He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

11 April 1857 Henry Wellesley, Baron Cowley He was the incumbent Ambassador to France.

  • Earl of Winton
23 June 1859 Archibald Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton He was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

17 February 1860 William Ward, Baron Ward

30 July 1861 Lord John Russell, PC, MP[note 5] He was the former Prime Minister.

  • Earl of Cromartie
  • Viscount Tarbat
  • Baron Castlehaven
  • Baron MacLeod
21 October 1861 Anne Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland [note 1]

  • Earl of Kimberley
1 June 1866 John Wodehouse, Baron Wodehouse He was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

15 January 1876 Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, Baron Wharncliffe [note 1]

27 September 1878 Hugh Cairns, Baron Cairns He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

28 April 1880 Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Baron Lytton He was the incumbent Viceroy of India.

30 December 1882 Roundell Palmer, Baron Selborne He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

3 July 1885 The Rt Hon. Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt., PC, MP He was the incumbent First Lord of the Treasury.

22 August 1892 Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount Cranbrook He was the former Home Secretary.

  • Earl of Cromer
  • Viscount Errington
6 August 1901 Evelyn Baring, Viscount Cromer He was the incumbent Consul-General of Egypt. King Edward VII

18 December 1905 Robert Windsor-Clive, Baron Windsor He was a former cabinet minister.

22 December 1905 Cecil Foljambe, Baron Hawkesbury He was the incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

3 July 1911 Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery He was the former Prime Minister. King George V

22 February 1915 Michael Hicks Beach, Viscount St Aldwyn He was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

20 December 1917 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Rufus Isaacs, Viscount Reading He was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

27 September 1919 Sir David Beatty Military Peerage–Navy.

  • Earl Haig
  • Viscount Dawick
  • Baron Haig
29 September 1919 Sir Douglas Haig Military Peerage–Army.

30 September 1919 Edward Guinness, Viscount Iveagh

5 May 1922 The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Balfour, PC, PC (Ire), MP He was the former Prime Minister.[note 1]

9 February 1925 The Rt Hon. H. H. Asquith, PC, PC (Ire) He was the former Prime Minister.

29 June 1925 John Jellicoe, Viscount Jellicoe He was the former Governor-General of New Zealand.

  • Earl of Inchcape
  • Viscount Glenapp
20 June 1929 James Mackay, Viscount Inchcape He was the Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.

10 July 1929 William Peel, Viscount Peel He was a former cabinet minister.

1 June 1937 Claude Bowes-Lyon, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne He was the father-in-law of King George VI. King George VI

8 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir Stanley Baldwin, PC, MP He was the former Prime Minister.

11 July 1944 Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax He was the former Viceroy of India.

  • Earl of Gowrie
  • Viscount Ruthven of Canberra
8 January 1945 Alexander Hore-Ruthven, Baron Gowrie He was the incumbent Governor-General of Australia.

  • Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
  • Viscount Gwynedd
12 February 1945 The Rt Hon. David Lloyd George, PC, MP He was the former Prime Minister.

18 October 1947 Louis Mountbatten, Viscount Mountbatten of Burma He was the incumbent Governor-General of India.[note 1]

  • Earl Alexander of Tunis
  • Baron Rideau
11 March 1952 Harold Alexander, Viscount Alexander of Tunis He was the former Governor General of Canada. Queen Elizabeth II

5 May 1955 Philip Cunliffe-Lister, Viscount Swinton He was a former cabinet minister.

16 December 1955 The Rt Hon. Clement Attlee, PC, MP He was the former Prime Minister.

  • Earl of Woolton
  • Viscount Warbleton
9 December 1956 Frederick Marquis, Viscount Woolton He was the former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

  • Earl of Snowdon
  • Viscount Linley
6 October 1961 Antony Armstrong-Jones, Esq. He was the husband of Princess Margaret.

  • Earl of Stockton
  • Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
24 February 1984 The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan, PC He was the former Prime Minister.

19 June 1999 Prince Edward On his wedding day to Sophie Rhys-Jones.

  • Earl of Forfar
10 March 2019 Prince Edward On his 55th Birthday, (Title used in Scotland only).

Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Peerage of the United Kingdom created for a Peer of Scotland or Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

  • Viscount St Vincent
27 April 1801 John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1] King George III

27 February 1802 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Assheton Curzon, Baron Curzon

24 December 1802 The Rt Hon. Henry Dundas, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

12 January 1805 The Rt Hon. Henry Addington, PC, MP Former Prime Minister.

17 February 1806 Earl of Lichfield in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Thomas Anson, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

9 November 1807 Earl Cathcart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
William Cathcart, Lord Cathcart[note 2] Military Peerage Army

4 September 1809 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Arthur Wellesley, MP[note 6] Military Peerage–Army.

16 July 1814 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen[note 2] Former Ambassador to Austria.

12 August 1815 Earl Granville in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Lord Granville Leveson-Gower, PC, PC (Ire),, MP[note 7] Former cabinet minister.

10 December 1816 Edward Pellew, Baron Exmouth Military Peerage–Navy.

  • Viscount Hutchinson
14 July 1821 Richard Hely-Hutchinson, Earl of Donoughmore [note 1] King George IV

8 December 1823 Richard Trench, Earl of Clancarty Incumbent Ambassador to the Netherlands.

  • Viscount Combermere
8 February 1827 Stapleton Cotton, Baron Combermere Military Peerage–Army.

  • Viscount Hill
27 September 1842 Rowland Hill, Baron Hill Military Peerage–Army.[note 1] Queen Victoria

  • Viscount Hardinge
2 May 1846 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, PC, PC (Ire) Incumbent Viceroy of India.

  • Viscount Gough
15 June 1849 Hugh Gough, Baron Gough Military Peerage–Army.

21 February 1866 Earl of Halifax in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Wood, Bt., PC, MP Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

6 July 1868 Alexander Hood, Baron Bridport Military Peerage–Army.

28 March 1873 Edward Portman, Baron Portman

4 May 1878 Earl of Cranbrook in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Gathorne Hardy, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

  • Viscount Hampden
4 March 1884 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Brand, PC, MP[note 8] Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

  • Viscount Hambleden
11 November 1891 Emily Smith She was the widow of the First Lord of the Treasury William Henry Smith, MP.[note 1]

9 May 1895 Earl Peel in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Arthur Peel, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

  • Viscount Knutsford
3 August 1895 Henry Holland, Baron Knutsford Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Esher
11 November 1897 William Brett, Baron Esher Former Master of the Rolls.

  • Viscount Cromer
25 July 1899 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Evelyn Baring, Baron Cromer Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt.

  • Viscount Goschen
18 December 1900 The Rt Hon. George Goschen, PC Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

  • Viscount Ridley
  • Baron Wensleydale
19 December 1900 The Rt Hon. Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt., PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

  • Viscount Colville of Culross
12 July 1902 Charles Colville, Lord Colville of Culross[note 2] Former Master of the Buckhounds. King Edward VII

  • Viscount Selby
6 July 1905 The Rt Hon. William Gully, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

18 December 1905 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Edward Guinness, Baron Iveagh

19 December 1905 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Rt Hon. Charles Spencer, PC[note 9] Incumbent Lord Chamberlain of the Household.

6 January 1906 Earl St Aldwyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Michael Hicks Beach, PC, PC (Ire) Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

  • Viscount Knollys
4 July 1911 Francis Knollys, Baron Knollys Incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign. King George V

5 July 1911 Wentworth Beaumont, Baron Allendale

  • Viscount Chilston
  • Baron Douglas of Baads
6 July 1911 The Rt Hon. Aretas Akers-Douglas, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

2 November 1911 George Curzon, Baron Curzon of Kedleston Former Viceroy of India.[note 1]

  • Viscount Mersey
22 June 1916 John Bigham, Baron Mersey Judicial Peer.

26 June 1916 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Rufus Isaacs, Baron Reading Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

2 January 1917 Weetman Pearson, Baron Cowdray Incumbent cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Devonport
23 June 1917 Hudson Kearley, Baron Devonport Former cabinet minister.

23 June 1917 William Waldorf Astor, Baron Astor The first man from the United States to be created a Hereditary Peer.

15 January 1918 Earl Jellicoe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir John Jellicoe Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

  • Viscount Wimborne
15 June 1918 Ivor Guest, Baron Wimborne Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

  • Viscount St Davids
17 June 1918 John Philipps, Baron St Davids

  • Viscount Rothermere
17 May 1919 Harold Harmsworth, Baron Rothermere Founder of the Daily Mail.

  • Viscount Allenby
7 October 1919 Sir Edmund Allenby Military Peerage–Army.[note 1]

  • Viscount Chelmsford
3 June 1921 Frederic Thesiger, Baron Chelmsford Incumbent Viceroy of India.

  • Viscount Long
4 June 1921 The Rt Hon. Walter Long, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance.

  • Viscount Ullswater
8 July 1921 The Rt Hon. James Lowther, PC, MP[note 10] Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

  • Viscount Younger of Leckie
20 February 1923 Sir George Younger, Bt. Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

  • Viscount Inchcape
21 January 1924 Earl of Inchcape in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
James Mackay, Baron Inchcape He was the Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.

  • Viscount Bearsted
16 June 1925 Marcus Samuel, Baron Bearsted Founder of Royal Dutch Shell.

  • Viscount Craigavon
20 January 1927 The Rt Hon. Sir James Craig, Bt., PC (Ire), PC (NI), MP Incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.

  • Viscount Bridgeman
18 June 1929 The Rt Hon. William Bridgeman, PC[note 11] Former Home Secretary.

  • Viscount Hailsham
4 July 1929 Douglas Hogg, Baron Hailsham Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
  • Viscount Brentford
5 July 1929 The Rt Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Bt., PC, PC (NI), MP Former Home Secretary.

  • Viscount Buckmaster
24 February 1933 Stanley Buckmaster, Baron Buckmaster Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

  • Viscount Bledisloe
24 June 1935 Charles Bathurst, Baron Bledisloe Former Governor-General of New Zealand.

29 November 1935 Earl of Swinton in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister, PC Incumbent cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Hanworth
17 January 1936 Ernest Pollock, Baron Hanworth Incumbent Master of the Rolls.

  • Viscount Trenchard
31 January 1936 Hugh Trenchard, Baron Trenchard Former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. King Edward VIII

8 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir Herbert Samuel, PC Former Home Secretary. King George VI

  • Viscount Runciman of Doxford
10 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Walter Runciman, PC, MP[note 12] Former cabinet minister.
  • Viscount Davidson
11 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir J. C. C. Davidson, PC, MP Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

  • Viscount Weir
25 June 1938 William Weir, Baron Weir Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Stonehaven
27 June 1938 Held by the Earl of Kintore in the Peerage of Scotland since 1974.
John Baird, Baron Stonehaven Former Governor-General of Australia.
  • Viscount Caldecote
6 September 1939 The Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Inskip, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
20 January 1941 William Berry, Baron Camrose Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph.

  • Viscount Stansgate
12 January 1942 The Rt Hon. William Wedgwood Benn, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Margesson
27 April 1942 The Rt Hon. David Margesson, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Daventry
3 May 1943 Muriel FitzRoy She was the widow of the Speaker of the House of Commons Edward FitzRoy, MP.[note 1]

  • Viscount Addison
2 July 1945 Christopher Addison, Baron Addison Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Kemsley
12 September 1945 Gomer Berry, Baron Kemsley Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph.

  • Viscount Marchwood
13 September 1945 George Penny, Baron Marchwood

  • Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
31 January 1946 Sir Bernard Montgomery Military Peerage–Army.

  • Viscount Alexander of Tunis
1 March 1946 Earl Alexander of Tunis in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Harold Alexander[note 13] Military Peerage–Army.

23 August 1946 Earl Mountbatten of Burma in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Lord Louis Mountbatten[note 14] Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

  • Viscount Waverley
28 January 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir John Anderson, PC, PC (Ire) Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

10 April 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt., PC Former Leader of the Liberal Party. Queen Elizabeth II

1 July 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Basil Brooke, Bt., PC (NI), MP Incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
  • Viscount Norwich
5 July 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Duff Cooper, PC Former Ambassador to France.

  • Viscount Woolton
2 July 1953 Earl of Woolton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Frederick Marquis, Baron Woolton Incumbent cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Leathers
18 January 1954 Frederick Leathers, Baron Leathers Former cabinet minister.
  • Viscount Soulbury
16 July 1954 Herwald Ramsbotham, Baron Soulbury Incumbent Governor-General of Ceylon.

  • Viscount Chandos
9 September 1954 The Rt Hon. Oliver Lyttelton, MP, PC[note 15] Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Malvern
18 March 1955 The Rt Hon. Sir Godfrey Huggins, PC, MP Incumbent Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

  • Viscount De L'Isle
12 January 1956 William Sidney, Baron De L'Isle and Dudley Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
11 February 1957 The Rt Hon. Sir Walter Monckton, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Tenby
12 February 1957 The Rt Hon. Gwilym Lloyd George, PC, MP[note 16] Former Home Secretary.

  • Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax
10 July 1957 Harold Mackintosh, Baron Mackintosh of Halifax Owner of John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd.

  • Viscount Dunrossil
12 November 1959 The Rt Hon. William Morrison, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

  • Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
20 November 1959 The Rt Hon. James Stuart, PC[note 17] Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Rochdale
20 January 1960 John Kemp, Baron Rochdale

  • Viscount Slim
15 July 1960 Sir William Slim Incumbent Governor-General of Australia.

  • Viscount Head
2 August 1960 The Rt Hon. Antony Head, PC, MP Incumbent High Commissioner to Nigeria.

  • Viscount Boyd of Merton
8 September 1960 The Rt Hon. Alan Lennox-Boyd, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Mills
22 August 1962 Percy Mills, Baron Mills Former cabinet minister.

8 November 1963 The Rt Hon. John Hare, PC, MP[note 18] Incumbent Chairman of the Conservative Party.

  • Viscount Eccles
14 January 1964 David Eccles, Baron Eccles Former cabinet minister.

  • Viscount Dilhorne
7 December 1964 Reginald Manningham-Buller, Baron Dilhorne Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Peerage of the United Kingdom created for a Peer of Scotland or Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

Baron Loftus 19 January 1801 Charles Loftus, Marquess of Ely King George III

Baron Grey 23 June 1801 Earl Grey in the Peerage of United Kingdom
Sir Charles Grey

Baron Nelson 18 August 1801 Earl Nelson in the Peerage of United Kingdom
Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

Baron Ellenborough 19 April 1802 Sir Edward Law Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Baron Sandys 19 June 1802 Held by the Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland since 2013
Mary Hill, Marchioness of Downshire Wife of The Marquess of Downshire.[note 1]

Baron Barham 1 May 1805 Earl of Gainsborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Charles Middleton, Bt. Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

Baron Erskine 10 February 1806 Held by the Earl of Buchan in the Peerage of Scotland since 1960
The Rt Hon. Thomas Erskine, PC, MP[note 19] Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Monteagle 20 February 1806 John Browne, Marquess of Sligo

Baron Ardrossan 21 February 1806 Hugh Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton[note 2]

Baron Granard 24 February 1806 George Forbes, Earl of Granard

Baron Ailsa 12 November 1806 Marquess of Ailsa in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis[note 2]

Baron Manners 20 April 1807 Sir Thomas Manners-Sutton[note 20] Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.

Baron Hopetoun 3 February 1809 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
James Hope-Johnstone, Earl of Hopetoun[note 21] [note 1]

Baron Niddry 17 May 1814 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Sir John Hope[note 22] Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Combermere 17 May 1814 Viscount Combermere in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Stapleton Cotton, Bt. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Exmouth 1 June 1814 Viscount Exmouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Edward Pellew, Bt. Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Stewart 1 July 1814 Held by the Marquess of Londonderry in the Peerage of Ireland since 1822
Sir Charles Stewart, MP[note 23] Incumbent Ambassador to Austria.

Baron Trench 4 August 1815 Richard Trench, Earl of Clancarty Incumbent Ambassador to the Netherlands.

Baron Meldrum 11 August 1815 George Gordon, Earl of Aboyne[note 2]

Baron Grinstead 11 August 1815 John Cole, Earl of Enniskillen

Baron Foxford 11 August 1815 Edmund Pery, Earl of Limerick

Baron Churchill 11 August 1815 Lord Francis Spencer, MP[note 24] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Harris 11 August 1815 George Harris, Esq. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Hill 16 January 1816 Viscount Hill in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Rowland Hill, Baron Hill Military Peerage–Army.[note 1]

Baron Ker of Kersehugh 17 July 1821 William Kerr, Marquess of Lothian[note 2] King George IV

Baron Minster 17 July 1821 Henry Conyngham, Marquess Conyngham Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

Baron Wemyss 17 July 1821 Francis Douglas, Earl of March, also held with the Earl of Wemyss since 1826.

Baron Silchester 17 July 1821 Thomas Pakenham, Earl of Longford

Baron Oriel 17 July 1821 Held by the Viscount Ferrard in the Peerage of Ireland since 1826, and Viscount Massereene since 1843
The Rt Hon. John Foster, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons of Ireland.

Baron Ravensworth 17 July 1821 Sir Thomas Liddell, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Delamere 17 July 1821 Thomas Cholmondeley, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Forester 17 July 1821 Cecil Weld-Forester, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Rayleigh 18 July 1821 Lady Charlotte Strutt Wife of Joseph Strutt, MP.[note 1]

Baron Gifford 30 January 1824 The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Gifford, PC, MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Baron Wigan 5 July 1826 James Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres, MP, also held with the Earl of Crawford since 1848.

Baron Ranfurly 6 July 1826 Thomas Knox, Viscount Northland

Baron Wharncliffe 12 July 1826 Earl of Wharncliffe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
James Stuart-Wortley, Esq[note 25] Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Feversham 14 July 1826 Charles Duncombe, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Seaford 15 July 1826 Charles Ellis, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Plunket 1 May 1827 The Rt Hon. William Plunket, PC (Ire), MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas for Ireland.

Baron Cowley 21 January 1828 Earl Cowley in the Peerage of United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Wellesley[note 26] Incumbent Ambassador to Austria.

Baron Heytesbury 23 January 1828 The Rt Hon. Sir William à Court, Bt., PC Incumbent Ambassador to Russia.

Baron Rosebery 26 January 1828 Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery[note 2]

Baron Clanwilliam 28 January 1828 Richard Meade, Earl of Clanwilliam Former Minister of Prussia.

Baron Durham 29 January 1828 Earl of Durham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
John Lambton, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Skelmersdale 30 January 1828 Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Wynford 5 June 1829 The Rt Hon. Sir William Best, PC Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Baron Kilmarnock 17 June 1831 William Hay, Earl of Erroll[note 2] [note 27] King William IV

Baron Kenlis 10 September 1831 Thomas Taylour, Marquess of Headfort

Baron Chaworth 10 September 1831 John Brabazon, Earl of Meath

Baron Oakley 10 September 1831 Held by the Earl Cadogan in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1832
George Cadogan, Esq.[note 28] Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Poltimore 10 September 1831 Sir George Bampfylde, Bt.

Baron Mostyn 10 September 1831 Sir Edward Lloyd Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Templemore 10 September 1831 Held by the Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland since 1975
Arthur Chichester, Esq, MP[note 29] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron de Saumarez 15 September 1831 Sir James Saumarez, Bt. Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe 22 December 1832 Held by the Earl of Derby in the Peerage of England since 1834
Edward Smith-Stanley, Lord Stanley[note 30]

Baron Denman 28 March 1834 The Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Denman, PC Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Baron Duncannon 19 July 1834 Held by the Earl of Bessborough in the Peerage of Ireland since 1844
John Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon, MP[note 31] Incumbent Home Secretary.

Baron Abinger 12 January 1835 The Rt Hon. Sir James Scarlett, PC Incumbent Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

Baron De L'Isle and Dudley 13 January 1835 Viscount De L'Isle in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Philip Sidney, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Ashburton 10 April 1835 The Rt Hon. Alexander Baring, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Hatherton 11 May 1835 The Rt Hon. Edward Littleton, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Strafford 12 May 1835 Earl of Strafford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir John Byng, PC (Ire)[note 32] Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Worlingham 13 June 1835 Archibald Acheson, Earl of Gosford

Baron Cottenham 20 January 1836 Earl of Cottenham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Pepys, PC Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Stratheden 22 January 1836 Lady Mary Campbell Wife of Sir John Campbell, MP.[note 1]

Baron Portman 27 January 1837 Viscount Portman in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Edward Portman, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Lovat 28 January 1837 Thomas Fraser, Esq. also held with the Lord of Lovat since 1854.

Baron Rossmore 7 July 1838 Warner Westenra, Baron Rossmore Queen Victoria

Baron Carew 9 July 1838 Robert Carew, Baron Carew

Baron de Mauley 10 July 1838 William Ponsonby, Esq.[note 33] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Wrottesley 11 July 1838 John Wrottesley, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Sudeley 12 July 1838 Charles Hanbury-Tracy, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Methuen 13 July 1838 Paul Methuen, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Stanley of Alderley 9 May 1839 Sir John Stanley, Bt.

Baron Leigh 11 May 1839 Chandos Leigh, Esq.
Baron Monteagle of Brandon 5 September 1839 The Rt Hon. Thomas Spring Rice, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Baron Campbell 30 June 1841 Held by the Baron Stratheden in the Peerage in the United Kingdom since 1861
The Rt Hon. Sir John Campbell, PC Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.

Baron Oxenfoord 16 July 1841 John Dalrymple, Earl of Stair [note 1]

Baron Vivian 19 August 1841 The Rt Hon. Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt., PC, PC (Ire) Former Master-General of the Ordnance.

Baron Congleton 20 August 1841 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Parnell, Bt., PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Gough 25 April 1846 Viscount Gough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Hugh Gough, Bt. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Acheson 18 September 1847 Held by the Earl of Gosford in the Peerage of Ireland since 1849
Archibald Acheson, Viscount Acheson[note 34]

Baron Eddisbury 12 May 1848 Held by the Baron Stanley of Alderley in the Peerage in the United Kingdom since 1850
The Rt Hon. Edward Stanley, PC, MP[note 35] Former cabinet minister.

Baron Elgin 13 November 1849 James Bruce, Earl of Elgin

Baron Londesborough 4 March 1850 Lord Albert Denison, MP[note 36] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party

Baron de Freyne 5 April 1851 Arthur French, Baron de Freyne Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.[note 1]

Baron Raglan 20 October 1852 Lord FitzRoy Somerset[note 37] Incumbent Master-General of the Ordnance.

Baron Belper 29 August 1856 The Rt Hon. Edward Strutt, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Ebury 15 September 1857 Held by the Earl of Wilton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1999
Lord Robert Grosvenor, PC, MP[note 38]

Baron Chesham 15 January 1858 Charles Cavendish, Esq, MP[note 39] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Chelmsford 1 March 1858 Viscount Chelmsford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Frederic Thesiger, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Churston 2 August 1858 Sir John Yarde-Buller, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Leconfield 14 April 1859 George Wyndham, Esq.

Baron Lyveden 28 June 1859 The Rt Hon. Robert Vernon Smith, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Brougham and Vaux 22 March 1860 Henry Brougham, Baron Brougham and Vaux Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 1]

Baron Herbert of Lea 15 January 1861 Held by the Earl of Pembroke in the Peerage of England since 1862
The Rt Hon. Sidney Herbert, PC, MP[note 40] Former cabinet minister.

Baron Westbury 27 June 1861 The Rt Hon. Sir Richard Bethell, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Annaly 19 August 1863 Henry White, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Buckhurst 27 April 1864 Held by the Earl De La Warr in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1873.
Elizabeth Sackville-West, Countess De La Warr Wife of George Sackville-West, 5th Earl De La Warr.[note 1]

Baron Northbrook 4 January 1866 The Rt Hon. Sir Francis Baring, Bt., PC Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Baron Monck 12 July 1866 Charles Monck, Viscount Monck Incumbent Governor General of Canada.

Baron Hartismere 13 July 1866 John Henniker-Major, Baron Henniker, MP

Baron Lytton 14 July 1866 Earl of Lytton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Hylton 16 July 1866 The Rt Hon. Sir William Jolliffe, Bt., PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Penrhyn 3 August 1866 Edward Douglas-Pennant, Esq, MP[note 41] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Brancepeth 31 August 1866 Gustavus Hamilton-Russell, Viscount Boyne

Baron Cairns 27 February 1867 Earl Cairns in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Hugh Cairns, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron O'Neill 18 April 1868 William O'Neill, Esq.[note 42]

Baron Napier of Magdala 17 July 1868 Sir Robert Napier Former Acting Viceroy of India.

Baron Gormanston 8 December 1868 Edward Preston, Viscount Gormanston

Baron Lawrence 3 April 1869 The Rt Hon. Sir John Lawrence, Bt., PC Former Viceroy of India.

Baron Dunning 29 June 1869 William Rollo, Lord Rollo[note 2]

Baron Balinhard 7 December 1869 Held by the Duke of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1992
James Carnegie, Earl of Southesk

Baron Hare 8 December 1869 William Hare, Earl of Listowel

Baron Howard of Glossop 9 December 1869 Held by the Duke of Norfolk in the Peerage of England since 1975
Lord Edward Fitzalan-Howard, PC[note 43] Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Acton 11 May 1869 Sir John Dalberg-Acton, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Wolverton 14 May 1869 George Glyn, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Kildare 3 May 1870 Held by the Duke of Leinster in the Peerage of Ireland since 1874
Charles FitzGerald, Marquess of Kildare[note 44]

Baron O'Hagan 14 June 1870 The Rt Hon. Thomas O'Hagan, PC (Ire) Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.

Baron Sandhurst 28 March 1871 The Rt Hon. Sir William Mansfield, PC (Ire) Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Ettrick 16 July 1872 Francis Napier, Lord Napier Former Acting Viceroy of India.

Baron Selborne 23 October 1872 Earl of Selborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Roundell Palmer, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Somerton 9 April 1873 James Agar, Earl of Normanton

Baron Aberdare 23 August 1873 The Rt Hon. Henry Bruce, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

Baron Moncreiff 9 January 1874 The Rt Hon. Sir James Moncreiff, Bt., PC Incumbent Lord Justice Clerk.

Baron Coleridge 10 January 1874 The Rt Hon. Sir John Coleridge, PC, MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Baron Cottesloe 2 March 1874 The Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt., PC, PC (Ire) Former cabinet minister.

Baron Hampton 6 March 1874 The Rt Hon. Sir John Pakington, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Douglas of Douglas 11 June 1875 Cospatrick Douglas-Home, Earl of Home[note 2]

Baron Ramsay 12 June 1875 George Ramsay, Earl of Dalhousie

Baron Fermanagh 13 January 1876 John Crichton, Earl Erne

Baron Harlech 14 January 1876 John Ormsby-Gore, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.[note 1]

Baron Tollemache 17 January 1876 John Tollemache, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Gerard 18 January 1876 Sir Robert Gerard, Bt.

Baron Sackville 2 October 1876 Mortimer Sackville-West, Esq.[note 45] [note 1]

Baron Norton 16 April 1878 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Adderley, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Wimborne 30 April 1880 Viscount Wimborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Ivor Guest, Bt.

Baron Trevor 5 May 1880 Lord Edwin Hill-Trevor, MP[note 46] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Brabourne 26 May 1880 Held by the Earl Mountbatten of Burma in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 2017
The Rt Hon. Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Ampthill 11 March 1881 Lord Odo Russell, PC[note 47] Incumbent Ambassador to Germany.

Baron Tweeddale 6 October 1881 William Hay, Marquess of Tweeddale

Baron Derwent 10 October 1881 Sir Harcourt Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Hothfield 11 October 1881 Sir Henry James Tufton, Bt.

Baron Tennyson 24 January 1884 Alfred Tennyson, Esq. Incumbent Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.

Baron Strathspey 17 June 1884 James Ogilvy-Grant, Earl of Seafield [note 48]

Baron Monk Bretton 4 November 1884 The Rt Hon. John George Dodson, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Northbourne 5 November 1884 Sir Walter James, Bt.

Baron Sudley 7 November 1884 Arthur Gore, Earl of Arran

Baron Powerscourt 27 June 1885 Mervyn Wingfield, Viscount Powerscourt

Baron Northington 28 June 1885 Anthony Henley, Baron Henley

Baron Rothschild 29 June 1885 Sir Nathan Rothschild, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Revelstoke 30 June 1885 Edward Baring, Esq.

Baron Monkswell 1 July 1885 The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Collier, PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Ashbourne 4 July 1885 The Rt Hon. Edward Gibson, PC, PC (Ire), MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Baron St Oswald 6 July 1885 Rowland Winn, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Esher 24 July 1885 Viscount Esher in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir William Brett, PC Incumbent Master of the Rolls.

Baron Montagu of Beaulieu 29 December 1885 Lord Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu, MP[note 49] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Elphinstone 30 December 1885 William Elphinstone, Lord Elphinstone[note 2]

Baron Colville of Culross 31 December 1885 Viscount Colville of Culross in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Charles Colville, Lord Colville of Culross[note 2]

Baron Hindlip 16 February 1886 Sir Henry Allsopp, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Grimthorpe 17 February 1886 Sir Edmund Beckett, Bt. [note 1]

Baron Kensington 23 March 1886 William Edwardes, Baron Kensington

Baron Hamilton of Dalzell 14 August 1886 John Hamilton, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Stanley of Preston 27 August 1886 Held by the Earl of Derby in the Peerage of England since 1893
The Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Stanley, PC, MP[note 50] Incumbent cabinet minister.

Baron Bowes 1 July 1887 Claude Bowes-Lyon, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne[note 2]

Baron St Levan 1 July 1887 Sir John St Aubyn, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Unionist Party.

Baron Basing 7 July 1887 The Rt Hon. George Sclater-Booth, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron de Ramsey 8 July 1887 Edward Fellowes, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Addington 22 July 1887 The Rt Hon. John Hubbard, PC, MP Former Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Knutsford 23 February 1888 Viscount Knutsford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Holland, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Savile 27 October 1888 The Rt Hon. Sir John Savile, PC Former Ambassador to Italy.[note 1]

Baron Iveagh 21 February 1891 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Edward Guinness, Bt.

Baron Cromer 20 June 1892 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Evelyn Baring Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt.

Baron Ashcombe 22 August 1892 The Rt Hon. George Cubitt, PC Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Crawshaw 25 August 1892 Sir Thomas Brooks, Bt.

Baron Amherst of Hackney 26 August 1892 William Tyssen-Amherst, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.[note 1]

Baron Newton 27 August 1892 William Legh, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Dunleath 29 August 1892 John Mulholland, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Swansea 9 June 1893 Sir Henry Vivian, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Hawkesbury 24 June 1893 Earl of Liverpool in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Cecil Foljambe, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Aldenham 31 January 1896 Hucks Gibbs, Esq. Former Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Fairlie 23 July 1897 David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow Former Governor of New Zealand.

Baron Dawnay 24 July 1897 Hugh Dawnay, Viscount Downe

Baron HolmPatrick 27 July 1897 The Rt Hon. Ion Hamilton, PC (Ire) Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Burton 29 November 1897 Michael Bass, Baron Burton Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.[note 1]

Baron Glanusk 26 January 1899 Sir Joseph Bailey, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Cranworth 28 January 1899 Robert Gurdon, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Unionist Party.

Baron Avebury 22 January 1900 The Rt Hon. Sir John Lubbock, Bt., PC, MP Former Chairman of the London County Council.
Baron Killanin 15 June 1900 Michael Morris, Baron Morris Former Lord Chief Justice of Ireland.

Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal 26 June 1900 Donald Smith, Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal Incumbent Canadian High Commissioner the United Kingdom.[note 1]

Baron Kinross 15 July 1902 The Rt Hon. John Balfour, PC Incumbent Lord President of the Court of Session. King Edward VII

Baron Shuttleworth 16 July 1902 The Rt Hon. Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Grenfell 19 July 1902 Sir Francis Grenfell Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Knollys 21 July 1902 Viscount Knollys in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Francis Knollys Incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign.

Baron Redesdale 22 July 1902 Algernon Freeman-Mitford, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Burnham 31 July 1903 Sir Edward Levy-Lawson, Bt. Owner of The Daily Telegraph.
Baron Biddulph 1 August 1903 Michael Biddulph, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Unionist Party.

Baron Ritchie of Dundee 22 December 1905 The Rt Hon. Charles Ritchie, PC Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Baron Hemphill 12 January 1906 The Rt Hon. Charles Hemphill, PC (Ire) Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Joicey 13 January 1906 Sir James Joicey, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Nunburnholme 16 January 1906 Charles Wilson, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Swaythling 18 July 1907 Sir Samuel Montagu, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Blyth 19 July 1907 Sir James Blyth, Bt.

Baron Marchamley 3 July 1908 The Rt Hon. George Whiteley, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron St Davids 6 July 1908 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir John Philipps, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Gorell 16 February 1909 The Rt Hon. Sir Gorell Barnes, PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Fisher 7 December 1909 Sir John Fisher Military Peerage–Navy.
Baron Kilbracken 8 December 1909 Sir Arthur Godley Former Civil Servant.

Baron Ashby St Ledgers 15 March 1910 Viscount Wimborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Ivor Guest, PC, PC (Ire)[note 51] Incumbent cabinet minister.

Baron Mersey 16 March 1910 Viscount Mersey in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir John Bigham, PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Devonport 15 July 1910 Viscount Devonport in the Peerage of the United Kingdom King George V
The Rt Hon. Sir Hudson Kearley, Bt., PC Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Cowdray 16 July 1910 Viscount Cowdray in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Weetman Pearson, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Hardinge of Penshurst 21 July 1910 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Hardinge, PC[note 52] Incumbent Viceroy of India.

Baron de Villiers 21 September 1910 The Rt Hon. Sir John de Villiers Incumbent Chief Justice of South Africa.

Baron Glenconner 3 April 1911 Sir Edward Tennant, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Mountgarret 20 June 1911 Henry Butler, Viscount Mountgarret

Baron Aberconway 21 June 1911 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles McLaren, Bt., PC Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.
Baron Merthyr 24 June 1911 Sir William Lewis, Bt.

Baron Inchcape 26 June 1911 Earl of Inchcape in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir James Mackay Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.

Baron Rowallan 27 June 1911 Archibald Corbett, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Ashton of Hyde 28 June 1911 Thomas Ashton, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Ravensdale 2 November 1911 George Curzon, Baron Curzon of Kedleston Former Viceroy of India.[note 1]

Baron Hollenden 9 February 1912 Samuel Morley, Esq. Former Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Butler of Mount Juliet 8 July 1912 Charles Butler, Earl of Carrick

Baron Rochdale 14 February 1913 Viscount Rochdale in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir George Kemp, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Reading 9 January 1914 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Rufus Isaacs, PC, MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

Baron Parmoor 16 January 1914 Sir Charles Cripps, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Rothermere 17 January 1914 Viscount Rothermere in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Harold Harmsworth, Bt. Founder of the Daily Mail.

Baron Cunliffe 14 December 1914 Walter Cunliffe, Esq. Incumbent Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Wrenbury 12 April 1915 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Buckley, PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Buckmaster 14 June 1915 Viscount Buckmaster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Stanley Buckmaster, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Faringdon 24 January 1916 Sir Alexander Henderson, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Shaughnessy 25 January 1916 Sir Thomas Shaughnessy

Baron Astor 26 January 1916 Viscount Astor in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
William Waldorf Astor The first man from the United States to be created a Hereditary Peer.

Baron Rathcreedan 27 January 1916 Cecil Norton, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Somerleyton 26 June 1916 The Rt Hon. Sir Savile Crossley, Bt., PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Carnock 27 June 1916 The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Nicolson, Bt., PC Former Ambassador to Russia.

Baron Beaverbrook 2 January 1917 Sir Max Aitken, Bt., MP Owner of the Daily Express.

Baron Gainford 3 January 1917 The Rt Hon. Jack Pease, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Forteviot 4 January 1917 Sir John Dewar, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Colwyn 22 June 1917 Sir Frederick Smith, Bt.

Baron Gisborough 23 June 1917 Richard Chaloner, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Morris 15 January 1918 Sir Edward Morris Former Prime Minister of Newfoundland.

Baron Cawley 16 January 1918 The Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Cawley, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Terrington 19 January 1918 Sir James Woodhouse Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Weir 26 June 1918 Viscount Weir in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir William Weir, PC Incumbent cabinet minister.
Baron Glenarthur 27 June 1918 Sir Matthew Arthur, Bt.

Baron Phillimore 2 July 1918 The Rt Hon. Sir Walter Phillimore, Bt., PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Bledisloe 15 October 1918 Viscount Bledisloe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Charles Bathurst, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Inverforth 5 February 1919 The Rt Hon. Andrew Weir, PC Incumbent cabinet minister.

Baron Sinha 14 February 1919 Sir Satyendra Prasanna Sinha The first man from India to be created a Hereditary Peer.

Baron Cochrane of Cults 16 May 1919 Thomas Cochrane, Esq.[note 53] Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Unionist Party.

Baron Clwyd 19 May 1919 Sir John Roberts, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Russell of Liverpool 9 October 1919 Sir Edward Russell Editor of the Liverpool Daily Post.

Baron Ruthven of Gowrie 28 October 1919 Held by the Earl of Gowrie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1956
Walter Hore-Ruthven, Lord Ruthven of Freeland
Baron Swinfen 1 November 1919 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Swinfen Eady, PC Former Master of the Rolls.

Baron Meston 29 November 1919 Sir James Meston

Baron Cullen of Ashbourne 21 April 1920 Sir Brien Cokayne Former Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Bearsted 15 June 1921 Viscount Bearsted in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Marcus Samuel, Bt. Founder of Royal Dutch Shell.

Baron Trevethin 24 August 1921 The Rt Hon. Sir Alfred Lawrence, PC Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

Baron Glendyne 23 January 1922 Sir Robert Nivison, Bt.

Baron Manton 25 January 1922 Joseph Watson, Esq.

Baron Forres 19 June 1922 The Rt Hon. Sir Archibald Williamson, Bt., PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Vestey 20 June 1922 Sir William Vestey, Bt. Co-founder of Blue Star Line.

Baron Borwick 20 July 1922 Sir Robert Borwick, Bt.

Baron Maclay 21 November 1922 The Rt Hon. Sir Joseph Paton Maclay, Bt., PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Bethell 23 November 1922 Sir John Bethell, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon 24 July 1923 Held by the Baron Aldenham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1939
Herbert Gibbs, Esq.

Baron Darling 12 January 1924 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Darling, PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Banbury of Southam 21 January 1924 The Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Banbury, Bt., PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Merrivale 19 January 1925 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Duke, PC, PC (Ire) Former cabinet minister.

Baron Bradbury 28 January 1925 Sir John Bradbury

Baron Stonehaven 12 June 1925 Held by the Earl of Kintore in the Peerage of Scotland since 1974
The Rt Hon. Sir John Baird, Bt., PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Irwin 22 December 1925 Earl of Halifax in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Edward Wood, PC, MP[note 54] Former cabinet minister.

Baron Mereworth 19 January 1926 Geoffrey Browne, Baron Oranmore and Browne

Baron Hanworth 21 January 1926 Viscount Hanworth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Ernest Pollock, Bt., PC Incumbent Master of the Rolls.
Baron Greenway 18 January 1927 Sir Charles Greenway, Bt. Founder of Anglo-Persian Oil Company.

Baron Hayter 29 January 1927 Sir George Chubb, Bt.

Baron Cornwallis 31 January 1927 Fiennes Cornwallis, Esq. Incumbent Chairman of Kent County Council.
Baron Daresbury 21 June 1927 Sir Gilbert Greenall, Bt.

Baron Wraxall 11 January 1928 The Rt Hon. George Gibbs, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Hailsham 5 April 1928 Viscount Hailsham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Douglas Hogg, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Baron Remnant 26 June 1928 Sir James Remnant, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Moynihan 19 March 1929 Sir Berkeley Moynihan, Bt.

Baron Craigmyle 7 May 1929 Thomas Shaw, Baron Shaw Judicial Peer.
Baron Camrose 19 June 1929 Viscount Camrose in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir William Berry, Bt. Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph.

Baron Dulverton 8 July 1929 Sir Gilbert Wills, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Luke 9 July 1929 George Lawson Johnston, Esq.

Baron Alvingham 10 July 1929 Robert Yerburgh, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Baden-Powell 17 September 1929 Sir Robert Baden-Powell, Bt. Founder of The Scout Association.

Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede 17 January 1930 Arthur Ponsonby, Esq, MP[note 55] Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Dickinson 18 January 1930 The Rt Hon. Willoughby Dickinson, PC Former Chairman of the London County Council.

Baron Trenchard 23 January 1930 Viscount Trenchard in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Hugh Trenchard Military Peerage–RAF.

Baron Noel-Buxton 17 June 1930 The Rt Hon. Noel Buxton, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Howard of Penrith 10 July 1930 The Rt Hon. Sir Esmé Howard, PC[note 56] Former Ambassador to the United States.

Baron Rochester 23 January 1931 Ernest Lamb, Esq.

Baron Selsdon 14 January 1932 The Rt Hon. William Mitchell-Thomson, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Moyne 21 January 1932 The Rt Hon. Walter Guinness, PC[note 57] Former cabinet minister.

Baron Davies 21 June 1932 David Davies, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Rankeillour 28 June 1932 The Rt Hon. James Hope, PC[note 58] Former Chairman of Ways and Means.

Baron Runciman 17 January 1933 Viscount Runciman of Doxford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Walter Runciman, Bt.

Baron Brocket 19 January 1933 Sir Charles Nall-Cain, Bt.

Baron Milne 26 January 1933 Sir George Milne Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Rennell 1 March 1933 The Rt Hon. Sir Rennell Rodd, PC, MP Former Ambassador to Italy.

Baron Mottistone 21 June 1933 The Rt Hon. J. E. B. Seely, PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Iliffe 22 June 1933 Sir Edward Iliffe Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Palmer 24 June 1933 Sir Ernest Palmer, Bt.

Baron Rockley 11 January 1934 The Rt Hon. Sir Evelyn Cecil, PC[note 59] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Elton 16 January 1934 Godfrey Elton, Esq.

Baron Bingham 26 June 1934 George Bingham, Earl of Lucan

Baron Wakehurst 29 June 1934 Gerald Loder, Esq.

Baron Hesketh 25 January 1935 Sir Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Tweedsmuir 1 June 1935 Sir John Buchan, MP Incumbent Governor General of Canada.

Baron Wigram 25 June 1935 The Rt Hon. Sir Clive Wigram, PC Incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign.
Baron Riverdale 27 June 1935 Sir Arthur Balfour, Bt.

Baron May 28 June 1935 Sir George May, Bt.
Baron Kennet 15 July 1935 The Rt Hon. Sir Hilton Young, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Gowrie 20 December 1935 Earl of Gowrie of the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven[note 60] Incumbent Governor of New South Wales.

Baron Strathcarron 11 January 1936 The Rt Hon. Sir Ian Macpherson, Bt., PC, PC (Ire) MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Kemsley 3 February 1936 Viscount Kemsley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom King Edward VIII
Sir Gomer Berry

Baron Catto 24 February 1936 Sir Thomas Catto, Bt.

Baron Windlesham 22 February 1937 Sir George Hennessy, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party. King George VI

Baron Mancroft 23 February 1937 Sir Arther Samuel, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron McGowan 24 February 1937 Sir Harry McGowan Chairman of Imperial Chemical Industries.

Baron Addison 22 May 1937 Viscount Addison in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Christopher Addison, PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Denham 24 May 1937 Sir George Bowyer, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Rea 3 June 1937 Sir Walter Rea, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party.

Baron Cadman 7 June 1937 Sir John Cadman Chairman of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.

Baron Marchwood 8 June 1937 Viscount Marchwood in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir George Penny, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Kenilworth 10 June 1937 Sir John Siddeley

Baron Pender 12 June 1937 John Denison-Pender, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Roborough 24 January 1938 Sir Henry Lopes, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Brassey of Apethorpe 26 January 1938 Sir Henry Brassey, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Stamp 28 June 1938 Sir Josiah Stamp

Baron Bicester 29 June 1938 Vivian Smith, Esq.

Baron Milford 2 February 1939 Sir Laurence Philipps, Bt.

Baron Hankey 3 February 1939 Sir Maurice Hankey Former Cabinet Secretary.

Baron Harmsworth 4 February 1939 Cecil Harmsworth, Esq.

Baron Rotherwick 5 July 1939 Sir Herbert Cayzer Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Woolton 7 July 1939 Earl of Woolton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Frederick Marquis
Baron Glentoran 8 July 1939 The Rt Hon. Herbert Dixon, PC (NI), MP Former Member of Parliament for the Ulster Unionist Party.

Baron Tryon 18 April 1940 The Rt Hon. George Tryon, PC, MP Incumbent cabinet minister.

Baron Croft 28 May 1940 Sir Henry Page Croft, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Teviot 27 June 1940 Charles Kerr, Esq, MP[note 61] Former Member of Parliament for the National Liberal Party.
Baron Nathan 28 June 1940 Harry Nathan, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Reith 21 October 1940 The Rt Hon. Sir John Reith, PC, MP Former Director-General of the BBC.

Baron Kindersley 28 January 1941 Sir Robert Kindersley

Baron Ironside 29 January 1941 Sir Edmund Ironside Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Leathers 19 May 1941 Viscount Leathers in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Frederick Leathers, PC Incumbent cabinet minister.
Baron Soulbury 6 August 1941 Viscount Soulbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Herwald Ramsbotham, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Latham 16 January 1942 Charles Latham, Esq. Incumbent Leader of the London County Council.

Baron Wedgwood 21 January 1942 The Rt Hon. Josiah Wedgwood, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Geddes 28 January 1942 The Rt Hon. Sir Auckland Geddes, PC Former Ambassador to the United States.

Baron Bruntisfield 9 March 1942 Sir Baron Bruntisfield, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Brabazon of Tara 27 March 1942 The Rt Hon. John Moore-Brabazon, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Keyes 22 January 1943 Sir Roger Keyes, Bt., MP Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Hemingford 1 February 1943 The Rt Hon. Sir Dennis Herbert, PC, MP Former Chairman of Ways and Means.

Baron Moran 8 March 1943 Sir Charles Wilson Incumbent President of the Royal College of Physicians.

Baron Killearn 17 May 1943 The Rt Hon. Sir Miles Lampson, PC Incumbent Ambassador to Egypt.

Baron Dowding 5 July 1943 Sir Hugh Dowding Military Peerage–RAF.

Baron Gretton 27 January 1944 The Rt Hon. John Gretton, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Westwood 29 January 1944 William Westwood, Esq.

Baron Hazlerigg 12 February 1945 Sir Arthur Hazlerigg, Bt.

Baron Hacking 2 July 1945 The Rt Hon. Sir Douglas Hacking, Bt., PC Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

Baron Chetwode 10 July 1945 Sir Philip Chetwode, Bt. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Sandford 14 July 1945 James Edmondson, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Altrincham 1 August 1945 The Rt Hon. Sir Edward Grigg, PC Former Governor of Kenya.

Baron Broadbridge 14 September 1945 Sir George Broadbridge, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Pakenham 12 October 1945 Held by the Earl of Longford in the Peerage of Ireland since 1961
Frank Pakenham, Esq.[note 62]

Baron Mountevans 12 November 1945 Sir Edward Evans Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Lindsay of Birker 13 November 1945 Sandie Lindsay, Esq.
Baron Piercy 14 November 1945 William Piercy, Esq.

Baron Chorley 16 November 1945 Robert Chorley, Esq.

Baron Calverley 17 November 1945 George Muff, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Tedder 23 January 1946 Sir Arthur Tedder Military Peerage–RAF.
Baron Colgrain 28 January 1946 Colin Campbell, Esq.

Baron Darwen 12 February 1946 John Davies, Esq.

Baron Lucas of Chilworth 26 June 1946 George Lucas, Esq.

Baron Shepherd 28 June 1946 George Shepherd, Esq. National Agent of the Labour Party.

Baron Newall 18 July 1946 Sir Cyril Newall Former Governor-General of New Zealand.

Baron Oaksey 13 January 1947 Held by the Baron Trevethin in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1959
The Rt Hon. Sir Geoffrey Lawrence, PC[note 63] Judicial Peer.

Baron Rugby 15 January 1947 Sir John Maffey Incumbent Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland.

Baron Layton 16 January 1947 Sir Walter Layton Editor of The Economist.

Baron Simon of Wythenshawe 17 January 1947 Ernest Simon, Esq.

Baron Kershaw 20 January 1947 Fred Kershaw, Esq.

Baron Trefgarne 21 January 1947 George Garro-Jones, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Crook 3 July 1947 Reginald Crook, Esq.

Baron Amwell 16 July 1947 Frederick Montague, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Milverton 9 October 1947 Sir Arthur Richards Incumbent Governor of Nigeria.

Baron Mackintosh of Halifax 6 February 1948 Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Harold Mackintosh, Bt.

Baron Clydesmuir 26 February 1948 The Rt Hon. Sir John Colville, PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Burden 1 February 1950 Thomas Burden, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Haden-Guest 2 February 1950 Leslie Haden-Guest, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Silkin 4 July 1950 The Rt Hon. Lewis Silkin, PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Hives 7 July 1950 Ernest Hives, Esq.
Baron Ogmore 10 July 1950 David Rees-Williams, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Morris of Kenwood 11 July 1950 Harry Morris, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Macpherson of Drumochter 25 January 1951 Thomas Macpherson, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Kenswood 27 June 1951 Ernest Whitfield, Esq.

Baron Freyberg 16 October 1951 Sir Bernard Freyberg Incumbent Governor-General of New Zealand.

Baron Milner of Leeds 20 December 1951 The Rt Hon. James Milner, PC, MP Former Chairman of Ways and Means.

Baron Kirkwood 22 December 1951 The Rt Hon. David Kirkwood, PC Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.

Baron Wise 24 December 1951 Frederick Wise, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Labour Party.
Baron Jeffreys 12 July 1952 Sir George Jeffreys Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party. Queen Elizabeth II

Baron Rathcavan 12 February 1953 The Rt Hon. Sir Hugh O'Neill, Bt., PC, PC (Ire), PC (NI), MP[note 64] Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee.

Baron Baillieu 12 February 1953 Sir Clive Baillieu

Baron Grantchester 30 June 1953 Alfred Suenson-Taylor, Esq.

Baron Moore 30 January 1954 Henry Moore, Earl of Drogheda

Baron Coleraine 16 February 1954 The Rt Hon. Richard Law, MP Former cabinet minister.

Baron Harvey of Tasburgh 3 July 1954 Sir Oliver Harvey Incumbent Ambassador to France.

Baron Glassary 30 July 1954 Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, Earl of Dundee

Baron Gridley 10 January 1955 Sir Arnold Gridley, MP Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee.

Baron Strathalmond 18 February 1955 Sir William Fraser Chairman of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.

Baron Strathclyde 4 May 1955 The Rt Hon. Thomas Galbraith, PC Former Member of Parliament for the Scottish Unionist Party.

Baron Clitheroe 20 June 1955 The Rt Hon. Sir Ralph Assheton, PC Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

Baron McNair 4 August 1955 Sir Arnold McNair Judicial Peer.

Baron Colyton 19 January 1956 The Rt Hon. Henry Hopkinson, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Astor of Hever 21 January 1956 John Jacob Astor Former Chairman of the General Council of the Press.

Baron Sinclair of Cleeve 21 January 1957 Robert Sinclair, Esq.

Baron Mills 22 January 1957 Viscount Mills in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Percy Mills, Bt.

Baron Bridges 4 February 1957 The Rt Hon. Sir Edward Bridges, PC Former Cabinet Secretary.

Baron Norrie 22 August 1957 Sir Willoughby Norrie Former Governor-General of New Zealand.

Baron Birkett 31 January 1958 The Rt Hon. Sir Norman Birkett, PC Judicial Peer.

Baron Harding of Petherton 17 February 1958 Sir John Harding Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Poole 11 July 1958 Oliver Poole, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.
Baron Rootes 16 February 1959 Sir William Rootes

Baron Netherthorpe 10 March 1959 James Turner, Esq.

Baron Crathorne 15 July 1959 The Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Dugdale, Bt., PC Former cabinet minister.

Baron Spens 20 August 1959 The Rt Hon. Sir Patrick Spens, PC Former Chief Justice of India.

Baron MacAndrew 8 December 1959 The Rt Hon. Sir Charles MacAndrew, PC Former Chairman of Ways and Means.

Baron Nelson of Stafford 20 January 1960 Sir George Nelson, Bt.

Baron Howick of Glendale 8 February 1960 Sir Evelyn Baring[note 65] Former Governor of Kenya.

Baron Sanderson of Ayot 4 July 1960 Basil Sanderson, Esq.

Baron Cobbold 23 November 1960 The Rt Hon. Cameron Cobbold, PC Incumbent Governor of the Bank of England.

Baron Robertson of Oakridge 29 June 1961 Sir Brian Robertson, Bt. Chairman of the British Transport Commission.

Baron Marks of Broughton 10 July 1961 Simon Marks, Esq.

Baron Fairhaven 25 July 1961 Urban Huttleston Broughton, Baron Fairhaven [note 1]

Baron Leighton of St Mellons 25 January 1962 Sir Leighton Seager, Bt.

Baron Brain 26 January 1962 Sir Russell Brain, Bt. Incumbent President of the Royal College of Physicians.

Baron Aldington 29 January 1962 The Rt Hon. Sir Toby Low, PC, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Inchyra 2 February 1962 Sir Frederick Millar Former Ambassador to West Germany.

Baron Dilhorne 17 July 1962 Viscount Dilhorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller, Bt., PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Eccles 1 August 1962 Viscount Eccles in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir David Eccles, MP Former cabinet minister.
Baron Silsoe 18 January 1963 Sir Malcolm Trustram Eve, Bt.

Baron Egremont 27 November 1963 Held by the Baron Leconfield in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1967
John Wyndham, Esq.[note 66]

Baron Thomson of Fleet 10 March 1964 Roy Thomson, Esq.

Baron Martonmere 13 May 1964 The Rt Hon. Sir Roland Robinson Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Sherfield 29 June 1964 Sir Roger Makins Former Ambassador to the United States.

Baron Inglewood 30 June 1964 William Fletcher-Vane, Esq.[note 67] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Glendevon 16 July 1964 Lord John Hope, PC[note 68] Former cabinet minister.

Baron Grimston of Westbury 11 December 1964 Robert Grimston, Esq.[note 69] Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Renwick 23 December 1964 Sir Robert Renwick, Bt.

Baron St Helens 31 December 1964 Michael Hughes-Young, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Margadale 1 January 1965 John Morrison, Esq, MP Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee.

Extinct peerages since the Passage of the House of Lords Act 1999

Extinct dukedoms

Shield Title Creation Extinct Grantee Reason Monarch

20 November 1947 8 September 2022
(Merged with the Crown)
Sir Philip Mountbatten On his wedding day to Princess Elizabeth. King George VI

Extinct earldoms

Shield Title Creation Extinct Grantee Reason Monarch

  • Earl of Munster
  • Viscount FitzClarence
  • Baron Tewkesbury
4 June 1831 30 December 2000 George FitzClarence, Esq. [note 1] King William IV

30 June 1838 31 January 2018 William King-Noel, Baron King Queen Victoria

  • Earl of Halsbury
  • Viscount Tiverton
19 January 1898 31 December 2010 Hardinge Giffard, Baron Halsbury[note 70] He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

  • Earl Kitchener
  • Viscount Broome
  • Baron Denton
27 July 1914 16 December 2011 Herbert Kitchener, Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum[note 71] Military Peerage–Army.[note 1] King George V

Extinct viscountcies

Shield Title Creation Extinct Grantee Reason Monarch

Viscount Cross 19 August 1886 5 December 2004 The Rt Hon. Sir R. A. Cross, MP He was the former Home Secretary. Queen Victoria

Viscount Churchill 14 July 1902 18 October 2017 Victor Spencer, Baron Churchill King Edward VII
Viscount Leverhulme 27 November 1922 4 July 2000 William Lever, Baron Leverhulme[note 72] King George V

Viscount Greenwood 16 February 1937 7 July 2003 Hamar Greenwood, Baron Greenwood[note 73] He was a former cabinet minister. King George VI

Viscount Simon 20 May 1940 15 August 2021 The Rt Hon. Sir John Simon, MP He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Viscount Alanbrooke 29 January 1946 10 January 2018 Alan Brooke, Baron Alanbrooke[note 74] Military Peerage–Army.

Viscount Ingleby 17 January 1956 14 August 2008 The Rt Hon. Osbert Peake, MP He was a former cabinet minister. Queen Elizabeth II

Extinct baronies

Shield Title Creation Extinct Grantee Reason Monarch

Baron Deramore 18 November 1885 20 August 2006 Sir Thomas Bateson, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.[note 1] Queen Victoria
Baron Herschell 8 February 1886 26 October 2008 The Rt Hon. Sir Farrer Herschell He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Lyell 4 July 1914 11 January 2017 Sir Leonard Lyell, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party. King George V

Baron Melchett 15 June 1928 29 August 2018 The Rt Hon. Sir Alfred Mond, Bt., MP He was a former cabinet minister.

Baron Sysonby 24 June 1935 23 October 2009 The Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Ponsonby[note 75]

Baron Wardington 17 July 1936 19 March 2019 Beaumont Pease, Esq. He was the Chairman of Lloyds Bank. King Edward VIII

Baron Chatfield 4 June 1937 30 September 2007 Sir Ernle Chatfield Military Peerage–Navy King George VI

Baron Birdwood 25 January 1938 11 July 2015 Sir William Birdwood, Bt. Military Peerage–Army

Baron Belstead 27 January 1938 3 December 2005 Sir John Ganzoni, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Balfour of Inchrye 5 July 1945 14 April 2013 The Rt Hon. Harold Balfour Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Broughshane 19 September 1945 24 March 2006 Sir William Davison, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party.

Baron Wilson 12 March 1946 1 February 2009 Sir Henry Maitland Wilson Military Peerage–Army

Baron Citrine 16 July 1946 5 August 2006 Sir Walter Citrine He was the incumbent General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress.

Baron Macdonald of Gwaenysgor 13 April 1949 27 January 2002 Sir Gordon Macdonald He was the former Governor of Newfoundland.

Baron Greenhill 8 July 1950 13 January 2020 Ernest Greenhill, Esq.

Baron Strang 16 January 1954 19 December 2014 Sir William Strang Queen Elizabeth II

Baron Gladwyn 12 April 1960 15 August 2017 Sir Gladwyn Jebb He was the former Ambassador to France.

Baron Erroll of Hale 19 December 1964 14 September 2000 The Rt Hon. Frederick Erroll, MP He was a former cabinet minister.

Current titles without heirs

Current UK Peers

Title Monarch Notes
Dukes
Duke of York Queen Elizabeth II
Duke of Westminster Queen Victoria Heirs to the Marquessate of Westminster (United Kingdom, 1831)
Marquesses
Marquess of Abergavenny Queen Victoria Heirs to the Earldom of Abergavenny (Great Britain, 1784)
Earls
Earl Russell Queen Victoria
Earl Haig King George V
Earl Attlee Queen Elizabeth II
Earl of Woolton
Viscounts
Viscount Gough Queen Victoria  
Viscount Long King George V  
Viscount Craigavon  
Viscount Davidson King George VI
Viscount Margesson
Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Viscount Norwich Queen Elizabeth II
Viscount Mills
Barons
Baron Stratheden King William IV
Baron Campbell Queen Victoria
Baron Northbrook Heirs to the Baring baronetcy, of Larkbeer (Great Britain, 1793)
Baron Lawrence
Baron Harlech
Baron Burnham King Edward VII
Baron de Villiers King George V
Baron Swinfen
Baron Cullen of Ashbourne
Baron Glendyne
Baron Banbury of Southam
Baron Rennell
Baron May
Baron Croft King George VI
Baron Milner of Leeds
Baron Sinclair of Cleeve Queen Elizabeth II
Baron Birkett
Baron Robertson of Oakridge
Baron Sherfield
Baron Glendevon

Current Scottish and Irish peers with British titles

Title Imperial Title Monarch Notes
Earl
Earl of Arran Baron Sudley Queen Victoria Heirs to the Earldom of Arran (Ireland, 1762)
Earl of Clancarty Viscount Clancarty King George IV
Baron Trench The Prince Regent
Viscount
Viscount Powerscourt Baron Powerscourt Queen Victoria Heirs to the Viscountcy of Powerscourt (Ireland, 1744)
Baron
Baron Rossmore Baron Rossmore Queen Victoria

Peerages in remainder to other Peerages

  •   Subsidiary title.
Current PeerageIn RemainderReason
Earl of Wilton Marquess of Westminster
Earl Cawdor Earl of Argyll Descendant of the 2nd Earl of Argyll
Earl Granville Marquess of Stafford 2nd Son of the 1st Marquess of Stafford
Earl of Effingham Duke of Norfolk
Earl of Strafford Viscount Torrington Great-grandson of the 1st Viscount Torrington
Earl Cowley Earl of Mornington 5th Son of 1st Earl of Mornington
Earl Russell Duke of Bedford 3rd Son of the 6th Duke of Bedford
Earl of Wharncliffe Earl of Bute Grandson of the 3rd Earl of Bute
Earl of Plymouth Earl of Powis Great-grandson of the 1st Earl of Powis.
Earl of Gowrie Lord Ruthven of Freeland 2nd Son of the 9th Lord Ruthven of Freeland.
Earl Alexander of Tunis Earl of Caledon 3rd Son of the 4th Earl of Caledon.
Viscount Bridport Viscount Hood 2nd Son of the 2nd Viscount Hood
Viscount Knollys Earl of Banbury
Viscount Ullswater Earl of Lonsdale Great-grandson of the 1st Earl of Lonsdale.
Viscount Bridgeman Earl of Bradford Grandson of the 2nd Earl of Bradford.
Viscount Daventry Baron Southampton Created for the widow of the Speaker Edward FitzRoy who was the 2nd Son of the 3rd Baron Southampton and 3xGreat-grandson of the 2nd Duke of Grafton.
Duke of Grafton
Viscount Chandos Viscount Cobham Grandson of the 4th Baron Lyttelton and the Barony of Lyttleton merged with the Viscountcy through Special remainder in 1889.
Viscount Tenby Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor 2nd Son of the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor.
Viscount Stuart of Findhorn Earl of Moray 3rd Son of the 17th Earl of Moray.
Viscount Blakenham Earl of Listowel 3rd Son of the 4th Earl of Listowel.
Baron Manners Duke of Rutland Grandson of the 3rd Duke of Rutland
Baron Churchill Duke of Marlborough 3rd Son of the 4th Duke of Marlborough
Baron de Mauley Earl of Bessborough 3rd Son of the 3rd Earl of Bessborough
Baron Londesborough Marquess Conyngham 3rd Son of the 1st Marquess Conyngham
Baron Raglan Duke of Beaufort 9th Son of the 5th Duke of Beaufort
Baron Chesham Duke of Devonshire 4th Son of the 1st Earl of Burlington and the Earldom of Burlington merged with the Dukedom in 1858.
Baron Penrhyn Earl of Morton Grandson of the 14th Earl of Morton.
Baron O'Neill Viscount Chichester Descendant of the 1st Viscount Chichester.
Baron Sackville Earl De La Warr 4th Son of the 5th Earl De La Warr, the title was a created a special remainder for the 5th and 6th Sons.
Baron Trevor Marquess of Downshire 3rd Son of the 3rd Marquess of Downshire.
Baron Ampthill Duke of Bedford Grandson of the 6th Duke of Bedford
Baron Montagu of Beaulieu Duke of Buccleuch 2nd Son of the 5th Duke of Buccleuch.
Baron Amherst of Hackney Marquess of Exeter 3rd Son of the Marquess of Exeter through Special remainder in 1909.
Baron Hardinge of Penshurst Viscount Hardinge 2nd Son of the 2nd Viscount Hardinge.
Baron Cochrane of Cults Earl of Dundonald 2nd Son of the 11th Earl of Dundonald.
Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede Earl of Bessborough Great-grandson of the 3rd Earl of Bessborough
Baron Howard of Penrith Duke of Norfolk
Baron Moyne Earl of Iveagh 3rd Son of the 1st Earl of Iveagh.
Baron Rankeillour Earl of Hopetoun Great-grandson of the 2nd Earl of Hopetoun
Baron Rockley Marquess of Salisbury Grandson of the 2nd Marquess of Salisbury
Baron Teviot Marquess of Lothian Great-grandson of the 6th Marquess of Lothian
Baron Rathcavan Baron O'Neill 3rd Son of the 2nd Baron O'Neill and Descendant of the 1st Viscount Chichester.
Viscount Chichester
Baron Astor of Hever Viscount Astor 3rd Son of the 1st Viscount Astor.
Baron Howick of Glendale Earl of Cromer 2nd Son of the 1st Earl of Cromer.
Baron Inglewood Baron Barnard Descendant of the 2nd Baron Barnard.
Baron Glendevon Marquess of Linlithgow 2nd Son of the 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow.
Baron Grimston of Westbury Earl of Verulam Grandson of the 2nd Earl of Verulam.

Titles

Marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons are all addressed as 'Lord X', where 'X' represents either their territory or surname pertaining to their title. Marchionesses, countesses, viscountesses and baronesses are all addressed as 'Lady X'. Dukes and duchesses are addressed just as 'Duke' or 'Duchess' or, in a non-social context, 'Your Grace'.

Lists of peers

See also

Notes

  1. The Peerage Act 1963 gave Scottish Peers an automatic right to sit in the Lords.[3]
  2. Following the establishment of the Irish Free State in December 1922, Irish peers ceased to elect representatives, although those already elected continued to have the right to serve for life; the last of the temporal peers, Francis Needham, 4th Earl of Kilmorey, by chance a peer from an Ulster family, died in 1961.[6]
  3. Originally created for Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife on his wedding day to Princess Louise of Wales on 29 July 1889.[note 1]

  1. Current Peerage with Special Remainder according to the link
  2. Scottish Representative Peer
  3. 3rd son of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire.
  4. 2nd son of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland.
  5. 3rd son of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.
  6. 4th son of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington.
  7. 2nd son of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford.
  8. 2nd son of Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre.
  9. 2nd son of Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer.
  10. Grandson of William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale.
  11. Grandson of George Bridgeman, 2nd Earl of Bradford.
  12. Eldest son of Walter Runciman, 1st Baron Runciman.
  13. 3rd son of James Alexander, 4th Earl of Caledon.
  14. 2nd son of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven.
  15. Grandson of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton.
  16. 2nd son of David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor.
  17. 3rd son of Morton Gray Stuart, 17th Earl of Moray.
  18. 3rd son of Richard Hare, 4th Earl of Listowel.
  19. 3rd son of Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan.
  20. Grandson of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland.
  21. Eldest son of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun.
  22. 2nd son of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun.
  23. 3rd son of Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry.
  24. 3rd son of George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough.
  25. Grandson of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute.
  26. 7th son of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington.
  27. The Barony of Kilmarnock remained a subsidiary title of the Earldom of Erroll until the death in 1941 of the eighteenth Earl's great-great-grandson, the twenty-second Earl. The earldom, which could be passed on through female lines, was inherited by the late Earl's daughter and only child, the twenty-third Countess. The barony of Kilmarnock, which could only be passed on to male heirs, was inherited by the Earl's younger brother, the sixth Baron. He assumed the surname of Boyd in lieu of Hay the same year he succeeded to the title.[9][10]
  28. 8th son of Charles Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan.
  29. Grandson of Arthur Chichester, 1st Marquess of Donegall.
  30. Eldest son of Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby.
  31. Eldest son of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough.
  32. Great-Grandson of George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington.
  33. 3rd son of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough.
  34. Eldest son of Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford.
  35. Eldest son of John Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley.
  36. 3rd son of Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham.
  37. 9th son of Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort.
  38. 3rd son of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster.
  39. 4th son of George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington.
  40. 4th son of George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke.
  41. Grandson of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton.
  42. A descendant of Edward Chichester, 1st Viscount Chichester.
  43. 2nd son of Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk.
  44. Eldest son of Augustus FitzGerald, 3rd Duke of Leinster.
  45. 4th son of George Sackville-West, 5th Earl De La Warr.
  46. 3rd son of Arthur Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire.
  47. Grandson of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.
  48. The Barony was a subsidiary title of the earldom until the death of the ninth Earl's grandson, the eleventh Earl, in 1915. The earldom, which could be passed on to female heirs, was inherited by the Earl's daughter and only child, the twelfth Countess. The barony of Strathspey, which could only be inherited by males, were passed on to the Earl's brother, the fourth Baron.[11]
  49. 2nd son of Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch.
  50. 2nd son of Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby.
  51. Eldest son of Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne.
  52. 2nd son of Charles Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge.
  53. 2nd son of Thomas Cochrane, 11th Earl of Dundonald.
  54. 4th son of Charles Wood, 2nd Viscount Halifax.
  55. Great-Grandson of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough.
  56. A descendant of Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel, in remainder of the Duke of Norfolk.
  57. 3rd son of Edward Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh.
  58. Great-Grandson of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun.
  59. Grandson of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury.
  60. 2nd son of Walter Hore-Ruthven, 9th Lord Ruthven of Freeland.
  61. Great-Grandson of William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian.
  62. 2nd son of Thomas Pakenham, 5th Earl of Longford.
  63. 3rd son of Alfred Lawrence, 1st Baron Trevethin.
  64. 3rd son of Edward O'Neill, 2nd Baron O'Neill.
  65. 3rd son of Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer.
  66. Eldest son of Edward Scawen Wyndham, 5th Baron Leconfield.
  67. A descendant of Gilbert Vane, 2nd Baron Barnard.
  68. 2nd son of Victor Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow.
  69. Grandson of James Grimston, 2nd Earl of Verulam.
  70. Created Baron Halsbury on 26 June 1885.
  71. Created Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum on 11 July 1902.
  72. Created Baron Leverhulme on 21 June 1917.
  73. Created Baron Greenwood on 31 August 1929.
  74. Created Baron Alanbrooke on 18 September 1945.
  75. He was the Great-Grandson of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough.

References

Citations

  1. May, Thomas Erskine (1851). A practical treatise on the law, privileges, proceedings and usage of Parliament. Butterworths. pp. 6–8, 15. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  2. Price, Jacob M (December 1961). "The Sixteen Peers of Scotland: An Account of the Elections of the Representative Peers of Scotland, 1707–1959 by James Fergusson". The Journal of Modern History. 33 (4): 439. doi:10.1086/238935.
  3. "Peerage Act 1963". www.parliament.uk.
  4. Malcomson 2000 p.312; "(40 Geo. 4 c.39 [Ir.]) An Act to regulate the Mode by which the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons to Serve in the United Kingdom on the Part of Ireland, shall be summoned and returned to the said Parliament". The statutes at large, passed in the Parliaments held in Ireland. Vol. 20. Dublin: Boulter Grierson. 12 June 1800. pp. 349–358.
  5. May, Erskine (1862). The Constitutional History of England since the Accession of George III 1760–1860. Boston: Crosby & Nichols. p. 228.
  6. Gadd, R.P. "A short account of the peerage of Ireland". The Heraldry Society. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  7. "The Dukes of the Peerage of the United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  8. "New title for the Earl of Wessex". The Royal Family. 10 March 2019.
  9. "Gilbert Alan (6th Baron Kilmarnock) Boyd (Previously Hay) b. 15 Jan 1903 d. 15 Mar 1975: The Douglas Archives". www.douglashistory.co.uk. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  10. "Gilbert Allan Rowland Boyd, 6th Baron Kilmarnock - Person - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  11. "Death of Lord Seafield". The Evening Post. Vol. XCI, no. 5. 7 January 1916. p. 3. Retrieved 14 October 2014.

Sources

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