Panipuri (originally known as jalapatra from Mahabharata times) (pānīpūrī ), phuchka (fuchka ), gupchup, golgappa, or pani ke patashe is a type of snack originating in the Indian subcontinent, where it is an extremely common street food. [1][2][3][4][5]

Alternative namesSanskrit name - Jalapatra Paani patashi/Pani puri (Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh)
Golgappa, gol gappay or gol gappa (Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, Karachi or other Urdu-speaking regions of Pakistan)
Phuchka/Phuska/Puska/Fuska (Bengal, [Bangladesh and West Bengal] Bihar, Nepal, North Odisha and Assam)
Gupchup (Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Southern Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh)
Place of originIndia
Region or stateIndian subcontinent
Main ingredientsFlour, spiced seawater, onions, potatoes, chickpeas
VariationsSev puri, Puri
Puri which is used in making panipuri. This puri is made of aata. Place: Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Panipuri consists of a round hollow puri (a deep-fried crisp flatbread), filled with a mixture of flavored water (known as imli pani), tamarind chutney, chili powder, chaat masala, potato mash, onion, or chickpeas.[6][7]

Fuchka (or fuska or puska) differs from panipuri in content and taste. It uses spiced mashed potatoes as the filling. It is tangy rather than sweetish while the water is sour and spicy.[8]


A vendor selling panipuri somewhere in Pakistan
Phuchka seller in Purulia, India.

Panipuri's name varies depending on the region. In Maharashtra, it is known as Pani Puri; Haryana it is known as paani patashi; in Madhya Pradesh fulki; in Uttar Pradesh pani ke batashe/padake ; in Assam phuska/puska; Pakodi in parts of Gujarat, Gup-chup in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, South Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh[9] Phuchka in Bengal, Bihar and Nepal. It is popular by the name of Gol Gappa (/goːl.gapːaː/) in some parts of Northern India (particularly Delhi and Punjab) and Pakistan.[8]

On 10 March 2005, "pani puri" was added to the Oxford English Dictionary.[10]


Chaat is considered the predecessor of pani puri/ gol gappa. According to the culinary anthropologist Kurush Dalal, chaat originated in Northern Indian region of what is now Uttar Pradesh. Gol gappa originated In Indian subcontinent. He also noted that it possibly originated from Raj-Kachori: an accidentally-made smaller puri giving birth to pani puri.[11] Pani puri spread to the rest of India mainly due to migration of people from one part of the country to another in the 20th century.[4]

See also


  1. khadizahaque (30 November 2014). "Chotpoti and Fuchka , The most popular Street Food in Bangladesh". Khadiza's Kitchen. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  2. "Fuchka/Chotpoti: a true Bengali delicacy". Daily Sun. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  3. Tarla Dalal, Chaat Cookbook., Gardners Books, 2000, 116 p. ISBN 978-81-86469-62-0
  4. Ramadurai, Charukesi (3 June 2020). "Pani Puri: India's favourite street food... at home?". BBC Travel. Retrieved 25 August 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "MANGEZ AU NÉPAL I; L'ALIMENTATION DE RUE". JAPANFM (in French). 19 December 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  6. Ramprasad, Gayathri (2014). Shadows in the Sun: Healing from Depression and Finding the Light Within. Hazelden. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-61649-531-2.
  7. "Easy Pani Puri (With Step by Step Photos)". Dassana's Veg Recipes. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  8. Ladage, Rutu (9 May 2017). "11 Different Names For Your Favourite Pani Puri". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 June 2017.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "There are 10 different names for pani puri. How many do you know?". 6 March 2018.
  10. "March 2005 Update". Oxford English Dictionary.
  11. "How Golgappa Originated | The tangy story of Golgappa-India's favorite street food!". The Times of India. 19 May 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
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