Pandikar Amin Mulia

Pandikar Amin bin Mulia (Jawi: ڤنديكر أمين بن مليا; born 17 September 1955) is a Malaysian politician who has served as President of United Sabah National Organisation (New) (USNO Baru) since February 2021. He served as 8th Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat from April 2008 to April 2018, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department from December 1999 to November 2002, State Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries of Sabah from May 1996 to March 1999, State Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports of Sabah from March 1994 to May 1996, Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Tempasuk from March 2004 to March 2008 and Usukan from 1982 to 1985 and President of the People's Justice Front (AKAR) from 1989 to 1995.

Pandikar Amin Mulia
ڤنديکر أمين مليا
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
In office
15 December 1999  20 November 2002
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyShahrizat Abdul Jalil (1999–2001)
Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor (2001–2002)
Preceded byTajol Rosli Mohd Ghazali
Succeeded byTengku Adnan Tengku Mansor
Sabah State Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
In office
28 May 1996  14 March 1999
GovernorSakaran Dandai
Chief MinisterYong Teck Lee
Bernard Giluk Dompok
DeputyAklee Abbas
Preceded byLajim Ukin
Succeeded byLajim Ukin as Minister of Agriculture and Food Industry
Sabah State Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports
In office
17 March 1994  27 May 1996
GovernorMohammad Said Keruak
Sakaran Dandai
Chief MinisterSakaran Dandai
Salleh Said Keruak
DeputySurady Kayong
Preceded byAskalani Abd. Rahim
Succeeded byWilfred Bumburing
8th Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
In office
28 April 2008  7 April 2018
MonarchsMizan Zainal Abidin
Abdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Najib Razak
DeputyRonald Kiandee
Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar (2008–2013)
Ismail Mohamed Said (2013–2018)
Preceded byRamli Ngah Talib
Succeeded byMohamad Ariff Md Yusof
Constituencynon-MP (Barisan Nasional)
President of the
People's Justice Front
In office
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
for Tempasuk
In office
21 March 2004  8 March 2008
Preceded byMusbah Jamli
Succeeded byMusbah Jamli
Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
for Usukan
In office
Preceded byMohamed Said Keruak
Succeeded byMustapha Harun
President of the
United Sabah National Organisation (New)
Assumed office
February 2021
DeputyLeong Chan Chu
Personal details
Pandikar Amin bin Mulia

(1955-09-17) 17 September 1955
Kota Belud, Crown Colony of North Borneo (now Sabah, Malaysia)
Political partyUSNO Baru (since 2020)
Independent (2019-2020)
UMNO (2001-2018)
AKAR (1989-2001)
USNO (1986-1989)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (BN) (1986-2018)
Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (GRS) (since 2022)
SpouseHadijah Abdullah Teng
Alma materUniversity of Wolverhampton
Lincoln's Inn

Early background

Pandikar Amin was born in a remote village in Kota Belud, Sabah to ethnic Bajau Iranun farmer parents who were of poor backgrounds and started primary schooling in his hometown. Prior to going to England for tertiary education, he received education at Sabah College in Kota Kinabalu, a prestigious elite secondary school of the state. He was a graduate of Wolverhampton Polytechnic and Lincoln's Inn.[1]

Political career


Pandikar Amin entered politics in 1982 as a member of United Sabah National Organisation (USNO) and later picked as the Barisan Nasional (BN) parliamentary candidate for Kota Belud in 1982 general elections but lost to the Independent candidate. At the age of 27, however he became Sabah state assemblyman for Usukan from 1982 to 1985. He was appointed a non-MLA Speaker of Sabah State Legislative Assembly from 1986 to 1988.[2]


Pandikar with some other dissident United Sabah Party (PBS) of Dusun and Bajau ethnic-based leaders namely Mark Koding and Kalakau Untol formed the People's Justice Front (AKAR) in 1989.[3] In 1999, he was appointed as a Senator and Minister in the Prime Minister's Department until 2002. He was president of AKAR, that had joined to be one of the BN component parties in Sabah, at that time. The party was dissolved to enable its members to join United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 2001.[1][4]

UMNO and Speakership in the Dewan Rakyat

Pandikar, as a member of UMNO was elected again Sabah assemblyman from 2004 to 2008; for Tempasuk. After the 2008 general elections, the BN coalition government announced that Pandikar, a non-MP would be the new Speaker, replacing Ramli Ngah Talib.[5]

The 12th Parliament was the first to be presided over entirely by East Malaysians; Pandikar and his deputies, Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar and Ronald Kiandee, hail from either Sabah or Sarawak.[6] In mid-May, after Parliament convened, Pandikar resigned as Kota Marudu UMNO division chief, citing the need to be a neutral presiding officer. He denied his resignation was linked to possible party-switching amongst UMNO MPs from East Malaysia.[7]

Ahead of the 2018 general elections, Pandikar announced his intention to contest, thus enable his possible prospect to be a more active federal-elected politician after serving as a non-MP Speaker for two terms.[8] Somehow he was not picked as candidate to contest the elections that saw the downfall of BN in both the federal and state governments. Despite his appointment to the UMNO's supreme council later on 14 July 2018; he decided to quit UMNO on 12 December 2018 along with other Sabah UMNO assemblymen to be independents.[9]


Pandikar had joined USNO Baru and appointed its Chairman Strategic Advisory Council in July 2019.[10] He then contested Pintasan state seat in September 2020 Sabah state election under USNO Baru[11] but together with all the party candidates were defeated.[12] Pandikar was officially elected party president in February 2021.[13]

Election results

Sabah State Legislative Assembly[14][15][16][17]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1985 Usukan Pandikar Amin Mulia (USNO) Unopposed
1990 Tempasuk Pandikar Amin Mulia (AKAR) 1,139 14.54% Robert Ripin Minggir (PBS) 2,915 37.20% 7,935 343 82.19%
Musbah Jamli (USNO) 2,572 32.83%
Mohammad Noor Mansoor (BERJAYA) 1,089 13.90%
Jumit Panau (PRS) 105 1.34%
Mukamad Abdullah (IND) 15 0.19%
1994 Pandikar Amin Mulia (AKAR) 4,142 49.59% Dausin Pangalin (PBS) 3,195 38.25% 8,474 947 78.04%
Suwah Buleh (IND) 1,016 12.16%
2004 Pandikar Amin Mulia (UMNO) 6,044 58.76% Digong Abd Rashid (IND) 2,604 25.31% 10,592 3,440 76.25%
Josli Padis (BERSEKUTU) 916 8.91%
Bandira Alang (PAS) 426 4.14%
Razak Rakunman (IND) 296 2.88%
2020 Pintasan Pandikar Amin Mulia (USNO Baru) 2,660 32.29% Fairuz Renddan (BERSATU) 2,744 33.31% 8,238 84 75.81%
Mohd Safian Saludin (WARISAN) 1,816 22.04%
Almudin Kaida (IND) 780 9.47%
Padlan Samad (PCS) 188 2.28%
Roslan Mayahman (PPRS) 50 0.61%
Parliament of Malaysia[14]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1982 Kota Belud Pandikar Amin Mulia (USNO) 5,362 31.62% Yahya Lampong (IND) 9,952 58.68% 17,305 4,590 79.63%
Majikon Moluni (PASOK) 884 5.21%
Mohamed Yakin Mumin (IND) 419 2.47%
Sisambin Bungan (IND) 262 1.54%
Jailin Toh (PUSAKA) 80 0.47%
1990 Tanjong Aru Pandikar Amin Mulia (AKAR) 763 4.62% Joseph Voon Shin Choi (PBS) 8,504 51.55% 16,671 3,817 55.97%
Jabar (IND) 4,687 28.41%
Hsing Yin Shean (DAP) 2,507 15.20%
Charles Tulis @ Mohd Salleh (IND) 37 0.22%



  1. "A real winner in politics". The Sunday Star. Malaysian Bar. 27 April 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  2. "Baptism of fire for Speaker Pandikar Amin at first sitting". The Star. 1 May 2008. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  3. Arthur S. Banks; Alan J. Day; Thomas C. Muller (February 2016). "Political Handbook of the World 1998". Google eBookstore. p. 580. ISBN 9781349149513. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  4. "Berakhirnya Akar Bersatu". Kelapa Mawar. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  5. "MPs urged to follow the rules". The Malaysian Insider. 26 April 2008. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
  6. Vasudevan, V. (28 April 2008). "A day of firsts in parliament". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
  7. "Pandikar Amin quits as Kota Marudu Umno chief". The Star Online. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  8. Dol, Clarence (5 April 2017). "Pandikar returning to politics". Daily Express. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  9. NEIL BRIAN JOSEPH (13 December 2018). "Umno Sabah ship sinking". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  10. "Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Mulia Kini Pengerusi Jemaah Penasihat Strategi Usno". Borneo Digest. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  11. "Former Dewan Rakyat Speaker Pandikar seeks political comeback through Sabah polls with Usno Baru". Malay Mail. 16 September 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  12. "Sabah election: Party chiefs Anifah, Pandikar Amin, Wilfred defeated". The Malaysian Reserve. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  13. "Pandikar returns to head Usno". Daily Express. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  14. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout (including votes for candidates not listed).
  15. "Sabah [Parliament Results]". The Star. Archived from the original on 17 May 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  16. "14th General Election Malaysia (GE14 / PRU14) – Results Overview".
  17. "N53 Senallang". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  18. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  19. "Pandikar Amin heads FT Day awards, 282 conferred". Bernama. The Star. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  20. "Pandikar Amin heads honour roll". Winnie Yeoh and Derrick Vinesh. The Star. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  21. "DPM heads Sabah TYT honours list". The Star. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
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