Orders, decorations, and medals of Sweden

The Orders, decorations, and medals of Sweden have a historical basis, reaching back to the 1606 founding of the extinct Jehova Order. The Royal Order of Knights of Sweden were only truly codified in the 18th century, with their formal foundation in 1748 by Frederick I of Sweden. Significant reforms in 1974 changed the conditions and criteria under which many orders and decorations could be awarded.[1]

Orders of Sweden constituting the Royal Order of Knights

In 2019, a parliamentary committee was instructed to establish guidelines on how to re-introduce the Swedish orders, including the Order of the Polar Star, into the Swedish honours system, and how Swedish citizens again can be appointed to Swedish orders.[2] The committee presented its findings in September 2021 and the Government has declared that a bill on the subject would be presented to the Riksdag on April 19th 2022. The bill passed the Riksdag by a large majority on 19 June 2022.

On 20 December 2022, the Swedish Government published a new regulation that repealed the 1974 regulation, and once again opened the Royal Orders to Swedish citizens again and reactivated the Sword Order and Vasa Order, to be in effect from 1 February 2023.[3][4]

Chart comparing Swedish medal size scale to millimeters scale

Orders

Royal orders of knighthood

Orders of knighthood under royal patronage

  • Order of St John in Sweden (Johanniterorden)[10]

Fraternal orders under royal patronage

  • Swedish Order of Freemasons (Svenska Frimurare Orden)
  • Order of Coldin (Coldinuorden)
  • Par Bricole (Par Bricole)
  • Order of Svea (Svea Orden)
  • Geatish Society (Götiska Förbundet)
  • Order of Neptune (Neptuniorden)
  • Order of Amarante (Stora Amaranterorden)
  • Order of Innocence (Innocenceorden)

Decorations and medals of the Royal Orders

  • Seraphim Medal
  • Medal of the Sword
  • Royal Order of Vasa - Silvercross (Vasasign)
  • Medal of the Royal Order of the Polar Star - 8th size
  • Medal of the Royal Order of Vasa in Gold, 5th size
  • Medal of the Royal Order of Vasa in Silver, 5th size

Royal Medals presented by the King

  • Royal Jubilee Commemorative Medals
  • H. M. The King's Medal[11]
  • Litteris et Artibus
  • Prince Eugen Medal
  • Prince Carl Medal

Royal Medals presented by the Government

  • Illis Quorum[12]
  • Medal for Commendable Deeds
  • Medal for Civic Virtue
  • Medal for Diligent Reindeer Husbandry

War decorations

  • Royal Order of the Sword - Grand Cross - Knight 1st Class (dormant - last awarded 1942)
  • Royal Order of the Sword - Grand Cross - Knight (dormant)
  • For Valour in the Field, Gold (awarded only in time of war)
  • For Valour at Sea, Gold (awarded only in time of war)
  • Royal Order of the Sword War Cross in Gold (never awarded)
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal of Merit in gold with sword (2009-) (highest military award in peacetime)
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal for Wounded in Battle, Gold (only awarded posthumously)
  • For Valour in the Field, Silver (awarded only in time of war)
  • For Valour at Sea, Silver (awarded only in time of war)
  • Royal Order of the Sword War Cross in Silver (never awarded)
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal of Merit in silver with sword (2009-)
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal for Wounded in Battle, Silver
  • Royal Order of the Sword War Cross in bronze (never awarded)

Military medals

Military medals:[13]

  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal for Wounded in Battle (2011–)
    • gold (only posthumously awarded)
    • silver with star (repeatedly awards)
    • silver
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal of Merit (1995–2007)
    • gold with swords
    • silver with swords
    • gold
    • silver
  • Swedish Armed Forces International Service Medal of Reward with Swords (1995–2007)
    • gold
    • silver
  • Swedish Armed Forces Medal of Merit (2008–)
    • gold
    • silver
  • Swedish Armed Forces Conscript Medal (2002–2010)
  • Swedish Armed Forces Reserve Officer Medal (2003/2008–)
    • gold
    • silver
  • Swedish Armed Forces Service Medal for National Defense (2015-)
  • Swedish Armed Forces International Service Medal (1991/1994/2012–)
    • bronze
    • with medal clasp (Name of the mission area)
    • with medal clasp and laurel wreath (Honorary Award)
    • with medal clasp and palm (Field hospital in Saudi Arabia)
    • with medal clasp and crossed spears (Somalia)
    • with medal clasp and Star (Liberia)
    • with medal clasp and a Dromedary (Early missions in Afghanistan)
    • with medal clasp and laurel wreath (Georgia OSSE, Former Yugoslavia)

See also

  • List of honours of the Swedish royal family by country
  • List of honours of Sweden awarded to heads of state and royalty

References

  1. Orders, Swedish Royal Court Archived 2010-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, date accessed 2011-04-22.
  2. "Dir. 2019:76 Kommittédirektiv Det offentliga belöningssystemet, de allmänna flaggdagarna och utformningen av anslaget till hovet" (PDF) (in Swedish). Government of Sweden. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  3. "Ett offentligt belöningssystem för Sveriges främsta utmärkelser" (Media Release) (in Swedish). Justitiedepartementet, Regeringskansliet. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  4. "Förordning om Sveriges främsta utmärkelser" (PDF). Svensk författningssamling (SFS 2022:1800) (in Swedish). Regeringskansliet. 20 December 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  5. "The Order of the Seraphim - Sveriges Kungahus".
  6. "The Order of the Sword - Sveriges Kungahus".
  7. "The Order of the Polar Star - Sveriges Kungahus".
  8. "The Order of Vasa - Sveriges Kungahus".
  9. "Orders - Sveriges Kungahus".
  10. Kungahuset, The Orders in Sweden
  11. Medals, Swedish Royal Court, date accessed 2011-04-24
  12. Medals and Awards Archived 2013-02-05 at the Wayback Machine, Government of Sweden, 31 August 2010.
  13. Laestadius, Patrik, ed. (2015). Reglemente: uniformsbestämmelser 2015 : Unibest FM 2015 (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Swedish Armed Forces. pp. 604–605. SELIBR 19513428. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
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