Order of the Defender of the Realm

The Most Esteemed Order of the Defender of the Realm (Malay: Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negara) is a Malaysian federal award presented for meritorious service to the country. The Order Motto are 'Dipeliharakan Allah-Pangkuan Negara' (By the Grace of God-Defender of the Realm).

Order of the Defender of the Realm
Ribbon and Star of (highest) S.M.N rank
Awarded by

The Sovereign of Malaysia
TypeState Order
Established9 August 1958
RibbonBlue with a white-edged red central stripe and yellow edges.
Motto'Dipeliharakan Allah - Pangkuan Negara' (By the Grace of God - Defender of the Realm)
EligibilityGrand Commander:
Former Prime Ministers, State Governors (Yang di-Pertua Negeri)
Member:
Civil servants
Awarded forMeritorious service to the country
StatusCurrently constituted
SovereignYang di-Pertuan Agong
GradesGrand Commander / Commander / Companion / Officer / Member / Medallist
Post-nominalsS.M.N. / P.M.N. / J.M.N. / K.M.N. / A.M.N. / P.P.N.
Statistics
First induction1958[1]
Last induction2022
Total inductees44 Grand Commanders
147 Commanders
1,417 Companions
10,909 Officers
24,324 Members
34,524 Medallists
50 Honorary Grand Commanders
102 Honorary Commanders
199 Honorary Companions
181 Honorary Officers
265 Honorary Members
207 Honorary Medallists
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Crown of the Realm[2]
Next (lower)Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia[2]

Ribbon of the Order

The order was instituted on 6 August 1958 and initially had the five highest ranks. The medal was added on 19 August 1960.[3][4]

Order ranks

Grand Commander Commander Companion Officer Member Medal
Collar, Star and Medal
P.P.N. Medal front view
Suffixes S.M.N. P.M.N. J.M.N. K.M.N. A.M.N. P.P.N.
Titles Tun Tan Sri None None None None
Ribbons

The order has six ranks:

Grand Commander

  • Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (S.M.N.) (Malay: Seri Maharaja Mangku Negara).[3]

This rank is limited to 25 living recipients at any time, except foreign citizens who are conferred honorary awards. The recipient of this award receives the title Tun and his wife Toh Puan.

The collar comprises the crests of the states in Malaysia with an eleven-pointed star made of gold-plated silver. The ribbon is of dark blue silk and has yellow stripes on both the edges. It has a central white stipe, charged with a smaller red stripe in its middle.

Commander

  • Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (P.M.N.) (Malay: Panglima Mangku Negara)[5]

It is limited to 75 living recipients at any time, excluding foreign citizens who are conferred honorary awards. The recipient of this award receives the title Tan Sri and the recipient's wife takes the title of Puan Sri.

The Star is made of gold-plated silver and so is the badge but smaller in size. The ribbon has white stripes on both the edges and red stripes in the centre. The red stripes lie on the yellow stripes. The end of the ribbon is tied with a ribbon and the badge suspends from below the ribbon.

Companion

  • Companion of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (J.M.N.) (Malay: Johan Mangku Negara)[6]

Living recipients are limited to 700 only at any time, excluding foreign citizens who receive it as an honorary award. It does not carry any title.

The badge of the Johan Mangku Negara is an eleven-pointed star made of gold-plated silver. Each point is white and in between are a star and crescent moon. They are made of gold-plated silver. In the centre of the star is a white circle decorated with carvings of the Malaysian Royal Crown. The badge has a radius of 2¼ inches. It suspends from a ribbon which is of the same colour as that of the Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm but has narrower stripes. The badge is worn around the neck. The badge for women has a ribbon which is tied in a bow. The badge suspends from the bow and is pinned to the chest.

Officer

  • Officer of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (K.M.N.) (Malay: Kesatria Mangku Negara)[7]

There is no limit to the number of persons to be awarded this honour. It can also be conferred on foreign citizens as an honorary award. It does not carry any title.

The badge of the Kesatria Mangku Negara is similar in shape as that of the Johan Mangku Negara. It has a radius of 2 inches. The badge suspends from a riband measuring 1½ inches. The ribbon is of the same colour as that of the Johan Setia Negara. There is a kris on the ribbon, upright with its blade pointing downward. The kris is enclosed in a circle. The badge is pinned on the chest. For the women, the ribbon is tied in a bow and the badge suspends from below the knot of the bow. The kris in the circle is pinned on the bow of the ribbon.

Member

  • Member of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (A.M.N.) (Malay: Ahli Mangku Negara)[8]

There is no limit to the number to be awarded this honour. It can also be conferred on foreign citizens as an honorary award.

The design the badge is the same as that of the Darjah Kesatria Mangku Negara but the kris lies in the centre. The badge has a radius of 1¾ inches. It is pinned to the chest. It suspends from a riband which is of the same colour as that of the Kesatria Mangku Negara. For women, the riband is tied in a bow and the badge suspends from below the centre of the bow.

Medal

P.P.N. Medal front view
P.P.N. Medal rear view
  • Medal of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (P.P.N.) (Malay: Pingat Pangkuan Negara)[4]

There is no limit to the number to be honored with this award. It can also be conferred on foreign citizens as an honorary award. It does not carry any title.

The Pangkuan Negara medal is round and made of silver. On the surface is a carving of the Malaysian Royal Crown. The slogan DIPELIHARAKAN ALLAH is surmounted on the Crown. The alphabets are in Roman and Jawi. Under the Malaysian Royal Crown is another inscription, PANGKUAN NEGARA, also in Roman and Jawi alphabets. At the back of the badge is the Federal Crest with the inscription JASA CEMERLANG in Roman and Jawi. The badge suspends from a ribbon, which is of the same shape and colour as that of the Ahli Mangku Negara and is about 1½ inches wide.

Recipients

Official source

Grand Commanders (S.M.N.)

The grand commander receives the title Tun and his wife Toh Puan.

Commanders (P.M.N.)

The commander receives the title Tan Sri and his wife Puan Sri.

  • 1958: Abdul Aziz Abdul Majid
  • 1958: Abdul Wahab Toh Muda Abdul Aziz
  • 1958: Ahmad Perang
  • 1958: Fatimah Hashim
  • 1958: G. Shelley
  • 1958: Gunn Lay Teik
  • 1958: Mohamad Seth Mohamed Sa'aid
  • 1958: Nik Ahmad Kamil
  • 1958: S. Chelvasingam MacIntyre
  • 1958: Syed Omar Shahabuddin
  • 1958: Tunku Ismail Tunku Yahaya
  • 1958: Tunku Ya'acob
  • 1958: Wong Pow Nee
  • 1959: Ismail Abdul Rahman
  • 1959: Ong Yoke Lin
  • 1959: Suleiman Abdul Rahman
  • 1959: V. T. Sambanthan
  • 1961: Sheikh Ahmad Mohd Hashim
  • 1961: Lee Tiang Keng
  • 1961: Loke Wan Tho
  • 1961: Mohamed Din Ahmad
  • 1961: Nik Mustapha Fadzil
  • 1961: Sardon Jubir
  • 1961: Tengku Indra Putra
  • 1962: Abdul Jamil Abdul Rais
  • 1962: Ahmad Husin
  • 1962: Hassan Yunus
  • 1962: Syed Sheh Shahabudin
  • 1962: Zainal Abidin Ahmad
  • 1963: Mohamed Noah Omar
  • 1963: Mohamed Salleh Ismael
  • 1964: Ismail Mohd Ali
  • 1964: Jugah Barieng
  • 1964: Lee Kong Chian
  • 1964: Tunku Osman
  • 1964: Syed Jaafar Albar
  • 1964: Syed Sheh Barakbah
  • 1964: Mohammad Tahir Tan Tong Hye
  • 1965: Ibrahim Fikri Mohamad
  • 1965: Ghazali Shafie
  • 1965: Runme Shaw
  • 1965: Taib Andak
  • 1965: Tay Teck Eng
  • 1965: Tunku Mohamed Tunku Besar Burhanuddin
  • 1965: Wee Chong Jin
  • 1966: Abdul Kadir Yusof
  • 1966: Mohd Sharif Abdul Samad
  • 1966: Saw Seng Kew
  • 1967: Mohamed Azmi Mohamed
  • 1967: Mohamed Said Mohamed
  • 1968: Abdul Hamid Khan
  • 1968: Lim Swee Aun
  • 1970: Ibrahim Ismail
  • 1970: Khaw Kai Boh
  • 1970: Mohamed Ghazali Jawi
  • 1970: V. Manickavasagam
  • 1971: Mohammad Said Keruak
  • 1971: Syed Nasir Ismail
  • 1972: Abdul Kadir Shamsuddin
  • 1972: Chik Mohamad Yusuf
  • 1972: Ong Hock Thye
  • 1972: Lee Siok Yew
  • 1974: Abdul Rahman Hashim
  • 1974: Lee Hun Hoe
  • 1975: Ong Kee Hui
  • 1975: Othman Saat
  • 1975: Sarwan Singh Gill
  • 1976: Mohammed Hanif Omar
  • 1977: Abdul Rahman Ya'kub
  • 1977: Abdullah Mohd Salleh
  • 1977: Raja Mohar
  • 1978: Mohd Sany Abdul Ghaffar
  • 1979: Abang Ikhwan
  • 1979: Abdullah Ayub
  • 1979: Raja Azlan Shah
  • 1981: Abdul Samad Idris
  • 1981: Hashim Aman
  • 1981: Mohd Ghazali Mohd Seth
  • 1983: Hamzah Abu Samah
  • 1983: Mohamed Salleh Abas
  • 1984: Ismail Khan
  • 1984: Mohamed Zahir Ismail
  • 1984: Mohd Sunoh Marso
  • 1985: Aishah Ghani
  • 1985: Sallehuddin Mohamed
  • 1986: Abdul Hamid Omar
  • 1986: Khir Johari
  • 1987: Mohd Ghazali Che Mat
  • 1988: Hashim Mohd Ali
  • 1988: Senu Abdul Rahman
  • 1989: Abang Ahmad Urai
  • 1989: Chan Siang Sun
  • 1990: Ahmad Sarji Abdul Hamid
  • 1990: Bahaman Samsudin
  • 1990: Hashim Yeop Abdullah Sani
  • 1990: Lee San Choon
  • 1991: Tengku Ahmad Rithaudeen
  • 1992: Abu Talib Othman
  • 1992: Asri Muda
  • 1992: Mohammed Jemuri Serjan
  • 1992: Yaacob Mat Zain
  • 1993: Abdul Rahman Abdul Hamid
  • 1994: Borhan Ahmad
  • 1994: Gunn Chit Tuan
  • 1994: Musa Hitam
  • 1994: Sulaiman Ninam Shah
  • 1995: Abdul Rahim Mohd Noor
  • 1995: Ismail Omar
  • 1997: Abdul Halim Ali
  • 1999: Lamin Mohd Yunus
  • 1999: Mohtar Abdullah
  • 2001: Mohd Zahidi Zainuddin
  • 2001: Norian Mai
  • 2001: Samsudin Osman
  • 2004: Mohd Bakri Omar
  • 2005: Abdul Gani Patail
  • 2005: Mohd Anwar Mohd Nor
  • 2007: Abdul Aziz Zainal
  • 2007: Mohd Sidek Hassan
  • 2007: Musa Hassan
  • 2008: Rafidah Aziz
  • 2009: Alauddin Mohd Sheriff
  • 2009: Ong Ka Ting
  • 2009: Syed Hamid Albar
  • 2010: Azizan Ariffin
  • 2010: Ismail Adam
  • 2010: Joseph Pairin Kitingan
  • 2011: Ismail Omar
  • 2011: Harris Salleh
  • 2012: Md Raus Sharif
  • 2012: Zulkifeli Mohd Zin
  • 2013: Ali Hamsa
  • 2013: Yek Min Ek
  • 2013: Lim Kok Wing
  • 2014: Khalid Abu Bakar
  • 2016: Mohamed Apandi Ali
  • 2017: Mohamad Fuzi Harun
  • 2017: Raja Mohamed Affandi
  • 2017: Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin
  • 2019: Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat
  • 2019: Ismail Bakar
  • 2019: Zulkifli Zainal Abidin
  • 2020: Mohd Zuki Ali
  • 2020: Idrus Harun
  • 2020: Affendi Buang
  • 2020: Abdul Hamid Bador
  • 2021: Abang Abdul Rahman Johari Abang Openg
  • 2021: Acryl Sani Abdullah Sani

Honorary recipients

Honorary Grand Commanders (S.M.N. (K))

The honorary grand commander also receives the title Tun and his wife Toh Puan.

Honorary Commanders (P.M.N. (K))

The honorary commander were also receives the title Tan Sri and his wife Puan Sri.

References

  1. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  2. "PANDUAN PENCALONAN DKBPP 2018" (PDF). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 2018-09-05. (in Malay)
  3. Official Malay monarchy website Archived 2012-08-04 at archive.today, Seri Maharaja Mangku Negara (S.M.N.), photo of the decoration
  4. Official Malay monarchy website, Pingat Pangkuan Negara (P.P.N.), photo of the decoration
  5. Official Malay monarchy website, Panglima Mangku Negara (P.M.N.), photo of the decoration
  6. Official Malay monarchy website, Johan Mangku Negara (J.M.N.), photo of the decoration
  7. Official Malay monarchy website, Kesatria Mangku Negara (K.M.N.), photo of the decoration
  8. Official Malay monarchy website, Ahli Mangku Negara (A.M.N.), photo of the decoration
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