National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), formerly known as the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC), is a working group of various government, non-government, civil sector and private sector organizations of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines established on June 11, 1978 by Presidential Decree 1566.[1] It is administered by the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) under the Department of National Defense (DND). The council is responsible for ensuring the protection and welfare of the people during disasters or emergencies. The NDRRMC plans and leads the guiding activities in the field of communication, warning signals, emergency, transportation, evacuation, rescue, engineering, health and rehabilitation, public education and auxiliary services such as fire fighting and the police in the country. The Council utilizes the UN Cluster Approach in disaster management.[2] It is the country's focal for the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) and many other related international commitments.

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
Pambansang Sanggunian para sa Pagtugon ng Sakuna
Agency overview
FormedJune 11, 1978 (1978-06-11)
Preceding agency
  • National Disaster Coordinating Council
TypeStrategic Emergency Management
JurisdictionNational
HeadquartersCamp Aguinaldo, EDSA cor. Boni Serrano, Quezon City, Philippines
14°36′49″N 121°03′54″E
Agency executives
  • Usec. Raymundo B. Ferrer, Executive Director
  • DND OIC Usec. Jose Faustino Jr., Acting Chairman
Parent agencyDepartment of National Defense
Websitendrrmc.gov.ph

Council membership

On May 27, 2010, during the administration of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 (RA 10121) was signed into law. Five months later on October 2010 during the Benigno Aquino III administration, the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) was renamed into National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). The following heads of agencies compose the NDRRMC:[3][4]

As of June 30, 2022, these are the following members of the council:

Position Ex-officio Member
Chairperson Secretary of National Defense
Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness Secretary of the Interior and Local Government
Vice Chairperson for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Secretary of Science and Technology
Vice Chairperson for Disaster Response Secretary of Social Welfare and Development
Vice Chairperson for Rehabilitation and Recovery Director-General, National Economic and Development Authority
Members Secretary of Health
Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources
Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of Education
Secretary of Energy
Secretary of Finance
Secretary of Trade and Industry
Secretary of Transportation
Secretary of Budget and Management
Secretary of Public Works and Highways
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Secretary of Justice
Secretary of Labor and Employment
Secretary of Tourism
Executive Secretary
Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Chairperson, Commission on Higher Education
Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Chief of the Philippine National Police
Commandant of the Philippine Coast Guard
Press Secretary
Secretary-General of the Philippine Red Cross
Commissioner of the National Anti-Poverty Commission - Victims of Disasters and Calamities Sector
Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Women
Secretary of the Human Settlements and Urban Development
Executive-Director of the Climate Change Office of the Climate Change Commission
President of the Government Service Insurance System
President of the Social Security System
President of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines
President of the League of Provinces of the Philippines
President of the League of Municipalities of the Philippines
President of the League of Cities of the Philippines
President of the Liga ng Mga Barangay
Four representatives from Civil Society Organizations
One representative from the Private Sector
Administrator of the Office of Civil Defense
Secretary of the Information and Communications Technology
Chief of the Presidential Management Staff
Special Assistant to the President

Local DRRM Offices

According of Republic Act 10121, various local governments throughout the country should establish Local DRRM Offices at the regional, provincial, municipal, city and barangay levels.[5] As functional arms of the local governments, these Offices are responsible to create a Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan according to the Framework of the NDRRMC covering 4 aspects including disaster preparedness, response, prevention and mitigation, and rehabilitation and recovery.[6]

Local Offices usually have a Chief DRRM Officer supported by Administrative and Training, Research and Planning, Operations and Warning Officers. Some of these Offices have advanced to organizing their own search and rescue and emergency medical services squads and command-control-and-communications centers.

Disaster response

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)

The NDRRMC was in charge of gathering and reporting data in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan. On November 15, 2014, the agency reported 5,632 deaths, 1,140 people missing and 12,166 injured.[7] The agency has reported the rose of death toll to 6,190 deaths, 1,785 missing and 28, 626 injured. They also estimated that the typhoon cost ₱36.6 billion damage to the infrastructure and agriculture of the Visayan Region.[8] As of April 17, 2015, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council confirmed total of 6,300 deaths including 5,877 of those taking place in the Eastern Visayas.[9]

Mount Pinatubo Eruption

When the population was put into a state of alert during the first phases of the Pinatubo crisis, authorities from the NDCC showed indisputable efficiency in managing the people.[10]

Precautionary Measures Before Sensing an Eruption

Prior the eruption, no precautionary measures were taken until signs of activity were observed in 1991. This could be attributed to the absence of any oral or written records of volcanic activity for the past 400 years in the surrounding areas.[11]

Precautionary Measures After Sensing an Eruption

By April 3, 1991, PHIVOLCS, after having concluded that the volcano was reawakening, decided to evacuate Aetas villages that were lying within a radius of 10 km around the summit. On May 13, 1991, a 5-level warning and evacuation system was constituted. This system included a concentric danger zone surrounding the volcano, continuously fixing four radii of evacuation from 10 to 40 kilometers between June 7 and 18, which mostly depended on the evolution of the threat. On the day of June 26, 1991, orders of evacuation were conveyed to local authorities or Coordination Councils (DCC). During those times, the entire zone located within the 10 km radius around the crater of Pinatubo has been decreed as permanent high risk sector by PHIVOLCS prohibiting all human occupation of the zone.[12]

In the time of Pinatubo’s eruptive phase in June 1991, most of the population reacted favorably to the evacuation orders due to the early preparation and coordination efforts the authorities on the field have demonstrated. However, there were still some Aetas that changed their minds and decided to return to the mountains seeking refuge in caves and spiritual comfort from their God. There were also others that refused to leave, having been convinced that the expected eruption would not be extreme enough to reach their homes, and having been scared at the thought of having to abandon their belongings and crops. By the time the second warning was given out in July 1992, the population, having been more aware of previous events, were much more prepared. Despite the PHIVOLCS frequent pleas and the population's positive response to it though, a total of 300 Aetas families still refused to evacuate.

Post-disaster Recovery

Under the DRRM Act, the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) is designated as the lead agency for the recovery. NEDA is mandated to coordinate the recovery support functions of national government agencies, local governments, and civil society organizations (CSOs). However, during the recovery from Typhoon Haiyan, NDRRMC was caught unprepared due to the typhoon's overwhelming impacts. It was in this context that the government, through the President's Memorandum Order 62 of December 2013, created the Office of the Presidential Assistant for Rehabilitation and Recovery (OPARR) to focus exclusively on coordinating the recovery process. OPARR aims to unify efforts of the government and other institutions involved in recovery. It has special power to mobilize the full resources of the country and to expedite the decision-making process under the direct authority of the President. OPARR was dissolved after two years.

See also

  • Office of Civil Defense (Philippines)

References

  1. "Presidential Decree No. 1566, s. 1978". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. June 11, 1978. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  2. Shaw, Rajib (March 6, 2012). Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction. Emerald Group Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 9780857248671.
  3. "FAST FACTS: The NDRRMC". Rappler. July 11, 2014 [November 16, 2013]. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  4. "Republic Act No. 10121". Official Gazette. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. PREGINET. 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  5. "The role of LGUs, local councils during disasters". Rappler. July 11, 2014 [November 21, 2013]. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  6. NDRRMC Framework
  7. "US sends 1000 more troops as Philippines typhoon aid faces challenges". Fox News. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  8. "NDRRMC : Yolanda death toll rises to 6,190". Philippine Star. January 9, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  9. "US sends 1000 more troops as Philippines typhoon aid faces challenges" (PDF). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. April 17, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  10. Frédéric, Leone, and Gaillard Jean-Christophe. "Analysis of the institutional and social responses to the eruption and the lahars of Mount Pinatubo volcano from 1991 to 1998 (Central Luzon, Philippines)." GeoJournal no. 2 (1999): 223. JSTOR Journals, EBSCOhost.
  11. Newhall, Christopher G., James W. Hendley, and Peter H. Stauffer. The cataclysmic 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines. Vancouver, WA?: U.S. Geological Survey, 1997.
  12. Frédéric, Leone, and Gaillard Jean-Christophe. "Analysis of the institutional and social responses to the eruption and the lahars of Mount Pinatubo volcano from 1991 to 1998 (Central Luzon, Philippines)." GeoJournal no. 2 (1999): 223. JSTOR Journals, EBSCOhost.
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