National Cheng Kung University

National Cheng Kung University (NCKU; Chinese: 國立成功大學) is a public research university located in Tainan, Taiwan. The university is best known for engineering, computer science, medicine, and planning and design.

National Cheng Kung University
國立成功大學
Seal of National Cheng Kung University
Motto
窮理致知[1]
Motto in English
Pursuit of truth through exhaustive reasoning [2]
TypePublic research university
Established1931
Endowment641 million (2013)
PresidentHuey-Jen Jenny Su
Academic staff
1584 [3]
Undergraduates11,481
Postgraduates9771
Location,
CampusMain campus in urban Tainan and satellite campuses in rural Tainan areas.
ColorsRed, Gray and White [4]
   
AffiliationsGlobal research & industry alliance (Gloria) of Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China,[5] Worldwide Universities Network, Taiwan Comprehensive University System, AACSB, Institute of Engineering Education Taiwan, UAiTED
WebsiteEnglish, Chinese
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国立成功大学
Traditional Chinese國立成功大學

As a top university in Taiwan, NCKU has played a vital role in creating the Taiwan Miracle by helping Taiwan to transform from an agriculture-based society to an industrialized economy during the 1960s and 1970s, and further becoming one of the Four Asian Tigers.[6] NCKU has been taking the top spot at the Global Views Monthly (遠見雜誌) Taiwan Graduate Employability Rankings for 6 consecutive years.[7]

In 2005, NCKU was chosen by the Ministry of Education (Taiwan) as one of the seven universities in Taiwan for the Aim for the Top University Project (邁向頂尖大學計畫), which is similar to Top Global University Project in Japan and Universities of Excellence in Germany. Starting from 2006, because of its academic performance and research potential, the Ministry of Education (Taiwan) has offered NCKU NT$1.7 billion annually for five consecutive years, which is the second highest amount received among the universities in the project.[8]

NCKU is a founding member of Taiwan Comprehensive University System, a strategic alliance of four leading research universities in the Southern Taiwan. The university is also a member of AACSB and IEET, and the only member from Taiwan in the Worldwide Universities Network.

History

National Cheng Kung University was originally established under Japanese colonial government in January 1931 as the Tainan Technical College. After the Japanese handover of Taiwan in October 1945, the school was renamed to Taiwan Provincial Tainan Junior College of Technology in March 1946, and then to Taiwan Provincial College of Engineering in October the same year.

When the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, it was one of the three existing colleges in Taiwan. As the number of colleges expanded, it was upgraded to a provincial university in 1956 as Provincial Cheng Kung University,[9] named after Koxinga, a Chinese military leader who drove the Dutch East India Company from Taiwan and founded the Kingdom of Tungning. In 1971, the university became a national university and was renamed to National Cheng Kung University.

Former Minister for Education Wu Jin served as the first president of the new National Cheng Kung University.[10]

Campuses

NCKU is located in Tainan City, Taiwan. The main campus is situated across from the Tainan Railway Station, offering convenient transportation. NCKU has 11 campuses occupying a total of 187 hectares of land in the greater Tainan area, including the Cheng-Kung, Sheng-Li, Kuang-Fu, Cheng-Hsin, Tzu-Chiang, Ching-Yeh, Li-Hsing, Tung-Ning, Kuei-Jen An-Nan and Dou-Liu campuses, and some areas designated for dormitory use.

National Cheng Kung University Main Library

On January 12, 2011, the Y. S. Sun Green Building Research Center was inaugurated.[11] It is the world's first green educational center as well as Taiwan's first zero carbon building.[12] The 4,800 m2 (52,000 sq ft)-facility cost NT$30 million (US$4.41 million) to construct, far below the original NT$180 million budget.[11] Natural ventilation, limited power usage, reduced window size, and energy efficient lighting all contribute to the building's carbon neutrality.[11]

Organization

NCKU comprises 9 colleges, 43 departments, and 39 institutes. NCKU is organized into 9 colleges, including Liberal Arts, Sciences, Management, Engineering, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Social Science, Planning & Design, Bioscience & Biotechnology and Medicine, each with its own faculties, departments, and institutes offering programs up to doctoral level. The university currently offers 42 undergraduate programs, 74 master's degree programs, 53 doctoral programs, and 17 master's degree programs for working professionals. While most courses are taught in Mandarin Chinese, many are offered in English.

International programs

NCKU has 401 cooperation agreements with 251 institutions and universities across the world. Student exchange agreements have been signed with 98 foreign partner universities including University of Southern California, Technical University of Munich, Leiden University, the University of New South Wales, Kyoto University, Seoul National University, National University of Singapore, etc.

In 2018, KU Leuven and IMEC reached dual degree agreement with NCKU.[13] During the same year, NCKU and Purdue University signed the agreement of collaboration for international dual degree program and online courses.[14] TU Darmstadt launched its liaison office in Asia at NCKU on May 21, 2019.[15]

NCKU participates in the Taiwan International Graduate Program in Interdisciplinary Neuroscience of Academia Sinica, the national academy of Taiwan.

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[16]301-400
CWTS World[17]218
QS World[18]234
THE World[19]501-600
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[20]42
THE Asia[21]103

NCKU is generally considered to be a top tier university in Taiwan, along with National Taiwan University, National Tsing Hua University, and National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University. In 2021, the QS World University Rankings ranked NCKU 234th overall in the world, 42nd in Asia, and 3rd in the nation.[22][23]

According to QS World University Rankings by Subject in 2020,[24] NCKU ranked within the world's top 150 universities in the following fields: Civil and Structural Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Systems, Chemical Engineering, Engineering and Technology, Materials Sciences, Architecture, Statistics and Operational Research, Art and Design, and Environmental Studies.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked NCKU 76-100th in the engineering field in 2016 and 101-150th in computer science in 2015.[25] In 2020, NCKU ranked 218th in the world according to CWTS Leiden Ranking.[26] In 2021 U.S. News & World Report rankings, NCKU is the world's 635th best university.[27]

According to the ESI database, NCKU has published 18,333 papers in the last ten years and has respectively ranked the 24th and the 51st in the list of world top 100 universities respectively in the engineering and computer science fields.

In 2014, the Embassy of Japan in Taiwan listed NCKU as one of the seven well-known Taiwanese universities.[28]

List of presidents

  • Wakatsuki Michitaka (January 1931 – August 1941)
  • Sakuma Iwao; 佐久間巖 (August 1941 – March 1944)
  • Shunsuke Suemitsu; 末光俊介 (March 1944 – October 1944)
  • Saburo Kousuke; 甲婓三郎 (October 1944 – October 1945)
  • Wang Shih-an (February 1946 – August 1951)
  • Yeh Tung-tse (August 1951 – February 1952)
  • Qing Dajun (February 1952 – July 1957)
  • Yen Cheng-hsing (August 1957 – December 1964)
  • Lo Yun-ping (January 1965 – July 1971)
  • Ni Chao (August 1971 – July 1978)
  • Wang Wei-nung (August 1978 – July 1980)
  • Hsia Han-min; 夏漢民 (August 1980 – July 1988)
  • Ma Che-ju; 馬哲儒 (August 1988 – July 1994)
  • Wu Jin (August 1994 – June 1996)
  • Huang Ting-chia; 黃定加 (July 1996 – February 1997)
  • Weng Cheng-yi; 翁政義 (February 1997 – May 2000)
  • Weng Hung-shan; 翁鴻山 (May 2000 – January 2001)
  • Kao Chiang; 高強 (February 2001 – January 2007)
  • Michael M. C. Lai (February 2007 – January 2011)
  • Hwung Hwung-hweng (February 2011 – January 2015)
  • Sung Hui-chen; 蘇慧貞 (since February 2015)

Notable alumni

See also

Notes

    References

    1. "校務基本資料 (School Profile)". National Cheng Kung University. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
    2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-04-28. Retrieved 2019-06-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    3. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-06-08. Retrieved 2019-06-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    4. "NCKU: Colors".
    5. "科技部公布「國際產學聯盟」通過名單 鏈結國際 麻省理工學院、柏克萊大學來台交流-科技部". www.most.gov.tw.
    6. "National Cheng Kung University | Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2019 | Shanghai Ranking - 2019". www.shanghairanking.com.
    7. "遠見2020年最新調查:企業最愛大學生TOP20出爐! | 遠見編輯部 | 遠見雜誌". 遠見雜誌 - 前進的動力.
    8. Mao, Huan-wen (2005-06-09). "Universities get opportunity to excel". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
    9. "National Cheng Kung University Organization profile". Research Output NCKU. National Cheng Kung University. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
    10. "Former Education Minister Wu Jin dies at 74". China Post. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
    11. "Quirky but efficient, Taiwan's first carbon neutral building opens". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2011-01-13. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
    12. Kuo, Grace (2011-01-07). "NCKU completes Taiwan's first zero-carbon building". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
    13. "Dual Degree Opportunities". www.imec-int.com. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
    14. "NCKU and Purdue have signed the agreement of collaboration for international dual degree program and online courses - NCKU, 國立成功大學 National Cheng Kung University". web.ncku.edu.tw.
    15. "A Solid and Trusting Partnership – Opening of TU Darmstadt's Liaison Office at NCKU, the First German University Center in Taiwan - NCKU, 國立成功大學 National Cheng Kung University". web.ncku.edu.tw.
    16. "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2020 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2020 - World University Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com.
    17. (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology Studies. "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking.
    18. "QS World University Rankings 2020". 1 February 2020.
    19. "World University Rankings". 13 April 2015.
    20. "QS University Rankings: Asia 2021". 30 Nov 2019.
    21. "Asia University Rankings". 14 March 2016.
    22. "National Cheng Kung University (NCKU)". Top Universities. July 16, 2015.
    23. "QS University Rankings: Asia 2021". Top Universities. 2019-11-19. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
    24. "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020".
    25. "National Cheng Kung University - Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2020 - Shanghai Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com.
    26. Studies (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology. "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
    27. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-06-17. Retrieved 2019-06-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    28. 交流, No.879, p.6. A total of 5 public universities and 2 private universities were selected: NTU, NCKU, NTHU, NYCU, NCCU, Fu Jen Catholic and Soochow University.

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