Moonie River

The Moonie River (Mooni River) is a river in Shire of Balonne, Queensland and Walgett Shire, New South Wales, both in Australia.[2][3] It is a perennial river of the Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin.

Moonie River
Moonie River at Nindigully
Location of the Moonie River mouth in New South Wales
StatesQueensland, New South Wales
RegionSouthern Downs, Orana
Physical characteristics
SourceBraemar State Forest,
  locationnear Tara, Queensland
  coordinates27°19′59″S 150°43′32″E
  elevation347 m (1,138 ft)
Mouthconfluence with the Barwon River
near Mogil Mogil, north of Collarenebri New South Wales
29°18′46″S 148°42′43″E
149 m (489 ft)
Length542 km (337 mi)
Basin size14,812 km2 (5,719 sq mi)
  average6 m3/s (210 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemBarwon River catchment,
Murray–Darling basin
ReservoirThallon Weir


The river was named Mooni by explorer and surveyor Thomas Mitchell on 9 November 1846 but the origins of the name are unknown. In New South Wales, the river is officially known as Mooni River,[3] but common usage uses the same spelling as in Queensland where most of the river is located. The sign erected by Walgett Shire Council at Gundablouie Bridge on Gundabloui Road also uses the common spelling Moonie River.

Shows bridge over Moonie River and one of few signposts in NSW showing the river's name.


Yuwaalaraay (also known as Yuwalyai, Euahlayi, Yuwaaliyaay, Gamilaraay, Kamilaroi, Yuwaaliyaayi) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Yuwaalaraay country. The Yuwaalaraay language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Shire of Balonne, including the town of Dirranbandi as well as the border town of Hebel extending to Walgett and Collarenebri in New South Wales.[4]

Course and features

The rivers rises south west of Dalby, near Braemar State Forest, south-east of Tara in Queensland, and flows generally to the south-west, joined by thirteen minor tributaries, before reaching its confluence with the Barwon River, before Mogil Mogil farm, north of the village of Collarenebri, New South Wales; descending 198 metres (650 ft) over its 542-kilometre (337 mi) course.[1] The catchment area has no major towns and is extremely flat.[5] The Moonie River is impounded by Thallon Weir, with a capacity of 185 megalitres (6.5×10^6 cu ft).[5]

The river flows through the towns of the Nindigully, Flinton and just to the west of Thallon. Both the Moonie Highway and Carnarvon Highway cross the river. In New South Wales, only one public road crosses the river : Gundabloui Road crosses the river near Goondoobluie farm in Collarenbri, about 50 km north of the village.

Moonie River was almost dry at this location near Gundabloui Road in Collarenebri, about 41 km north of the village, in April 2019

See also

  • Rivers of Queensland
  • Rivers of New South Wales


  1. "Map of Moonie River". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  2. "Moonie River – watercourse in the Balonne Shire (entry 22673)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  3. "Mooni River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  4. This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yuwaalaraay". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  5. "Water resources - Overview - Queensland - Surface Water Management Area: Moonie River (Qld)". Australian Natural Resources Atlas. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
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