Mont di

Mont di (Burmese: မုန့်တီ [mo̰ʊɰ̃ tì]) is a collective term for Burmese dishes made with thin rice noodles. The vermicelli is used fresh, as it ferments quickly in Myanmar's tropical climate. There are a number of mont di dishes, and the Rakhine mont di of the Arakanese from western Myanmar is the most popular. Mandalay mont di is another well-known dish. A handful of regional rice vermicelli dishes, such as Mawlamyaing mohinga and Kengtung khao sen, are also interchangeably called "mont di."[1][2]

Mont di
Rakhine mont di fish soup with garnish
Alternative namesMont ti
CourseBreakfast, Lunch
Place of originMyanmar
Region or stateVarious, inc. Rakhine State, Mandalay Region
Associated cuisineBurmese cuisine
Main ingredientsfor Rakhine variant only: rice vermicelli, any white fish (mostly Daggertooth blade conger), ngapi, lemongrass, pepper, garlic, red chili sauce, green chili paste, crisp garlic garnish, coriander
VariationsMany; see list below
Similar dishesKhanom chin

Regional variations

All the variants of mont di are often accompanied by Burmese fritters (အကြော်), of one's choice.

Rakhine mont di

A Rakhine mont ti street vendor in Yangon.

Rakhine mont di (Burmese: ရခိုင်မုန့်တီ) is the most popular dish in association with the Rakhine people. It is a semi-staple dish of the Rakhine State. It comes in two forms: salad or soup.

The soup is the more common version, in which rice vermicelli is mixed with a thin soup made of daggertooth pike conger, called thinbaw htoe (သင်္ဘောထိုး) in Arakanese, nga shwe (ငါးရွှေ) in Burmese[3]), Rakhine ngapi and lemongrass. Dry roasted pike conger eel flakes, fried onion and garlic, fresh coriander, red and green chili paste are added. It is also called arpu sharpu (အာပူလျှာပူ, lit.'hot throat, hot tongue'), due to the green chili paste. Some add fried pulverised nga phe and pork rind.

In the dry salad form, the same ingredients are mixed into a colourful combination. The green chili paste gives the white rice vermicelli a slight greenish hue.

Mandalay mont di

Mandalay mont di (Burmese: မန္တလေးမုန့်တီ), also called nan gyi thoke (နန်းကြီးသုပ်), is quite different from Rakhine mont di. It uses meat instead of marine fish, as Mandalay is an inland city located in Central Myanmar. The noodles used are thick round rice noodles called nan gyi. The meat is cooked as a sauce and added to the noodles like a salad (in some recipes only). Many authentic shops uses a variation of chickpea flour and its different flavoured oils to bring about its unique Mandalay flavours. Most mont di shops will prepare the dish based on the customers' preferences for specific tastes and offers the option of "mixing" (tossing) it for the customer.

Dawei mont di

Dawei mont di (ထားဝယ်မုန့်တီ), also known as Dawei mont let thoke (ထားဝယ်မုန့်လတ်သုပ်), is a specialty of Dawei in Southern Myanmar.[4] The dish consists of threadfin fish or catfish boiled in fermented toddy palm juice and coconut milk, served with rice vermicelli, and garnished with hand-crushed murukku.[4]

Khotaung mont di

Khotaung mont di is served with a requisite bowl of fish ball soup.

Khotaung mont di (ခိုတောင်မုန့်တီ) is a well-known Burmese noodle salad originating from the small village of Khotaung in Sagaing Region.[5] The salad uses thick rice noodles (also used in nan gyi thoke) and fish balls, mixed with chopped cabbage, green beans, pickled radish, chickpea flour, garlic oil, with optional toppings, including Burmese fritters, jengkol, and fish cake.[6][7] The dish is typically accompanied with a light broth made from fish balls and fish head.[7] The origins of the dish date to the Konbaung dynasty. One of Mindon Min's pregnant queens once had a craving for worms.[7] Khotaung villagers, in response, dressed thick rice noodles with garlic oil, which eventually became Khotaung mont di.[7]

Taungoo mont di

Taungoo mont di (တောင်ငူမုန့်တီ) is a specialty from the town of Taungoo. It is a rice vermicelli salad served with a thin mohinga broth, raw tomatoes and green beans, Burmese chickpea fritters, and fried garlic.[8]

Yangon mont di

Yangon mont di (Burmese: ရန်ကုန်မုန့်တီ) is very similar to the Rakhine mont di. The only difference is that oil is added to the salad, reflecting the Burmese preference for oiliness.

Yodaya mont di

During the 1700s, the influx of Ayutthayans following the Burmese–Siamese wars to Mandalay also created an infusion Central Thai-inspired dishes, one of which is known as Yodaya mont di (ယိုးဒယားမုန့်တီ, lit.'Ayutthayan mont ti'). The rice noodle dish uses fish as the main protein instead of chicken, and is prepared using slivers of curled rice vermicelli strands (khanom chin) tossed in a turmeric-infused oil, and served with fried onions and raw green beans.[9] A unique rendition of Yodaya mont di, served with bean flour, dried shrimps, and a thicker gravy, can be found in Mandalay's Minthazu ward.[9]

See also


  1. "မော်လမြိုင် မုန့်ဟင်းခါး (သို့) မော်လမြိုင် မုန့်တီ". MyFood Myanmar (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. "ကျိူင်းတုံ ခေါက်ဆင့် (ရှမ်းမုန့်တီ)". MyFood Myanmar (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. Seafood of South-East Asia: A Comprehensive Guide with Recipes - Alan Davidson
  4. "ထားဝယ်မုန့်တီ (ခေါ်) ထားဝယ်ရိုးရာ မုန့်လတ်သုပ်". MyFood Myanmar (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Must Eat Dishes In Mandalay". Yangon Life. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  6. "Our favourite Myanmar journeys". Frontier Myanmar. 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  7. ယဉ်ယဉ်နှောင်း (2017-04-22). "ခိုတောင်ရွာက မုန့်တီ". The Voice Myanmar (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "တောင်ငူမုန့်တီသုပ်". MyFood Myanmar (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ဘိုဘို (2019-02-22). "မန္တလေးမှာ ယိုးဒယားမုန့်တီ လစဉ်လုပ်စားသူ မိသားစု". BBC (in Burmese). Retrieved 2019-11-15.
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