Mohamed Bolkiah, Prince of Brunei

Mohamed Bolkiah ibni Omar Ali Saifuddien III (born 27 August 1947) is a member of the royal family of Brunei. He is the second son of Omar Ali Saifuddien III, the 28th Sultan of Brunei, and Raja Isteri (Queen) Pengiran Anak Damit. He is the Head of the Brunei’s Viziers. After Brunei’s independence in 1984, he became the country’s first foreign minister, serving from 1 January 1984 until 22 October 2015. He served in the cabinet as the Minister of the Brunei's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade alongside the second Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Lim Jock Seng.

Mohamed Bolkiah
Perdana Wazir
Reign1970 – present
MonarchHassanal Bolkiah
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Tenure1 January 1984 – 22 October 2015
Serving with Lim Jock Seng
SuccessorHassanal Bolkiah
MonarchHassanal Bolkiah
Born (1947-08-27) 27 August 1947
Istana Darul Hana, Brunei Town, Brunei
Zariah Mohamed Alam
(m. 1970)
Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa’adul Khairi Waddien
FatherOmar Ali Saifuddien III
MotherPengiran Anak Damit
ReligionSunni Islam
EducationVictoria Institute
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien College
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst

Early life and education

Prince Mohamed Bolkiah was born on 27 August 1947 at Istana Darul Hana, Brunei Town.[1] He is the second son of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, the 28th Sultan of Brunei, and his wife, the late Suri Seri Begawan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Damit. Among his siblings are the current Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Prince Sufri Bolkiah, Prince Jefri Bolkiah, Princess Masna, Princess Norain, Princess Amal Umi Kalthum Al-Islam, Princess Amal Rakiah, Princess Amal Nasibah and Princess Amal Jefriah.

Along with his siblings, Mohamed Bolkiah had his early education at the Lapau (the Royal ceremonial building). Afterwards in 1960, he attended his secondary education with his brother Hassanal Bolkiah at Victoria Institution in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia until 1963.[2] From 1964 until 1965, he studied his GCE 'A' Levels at Omar Ali Saifuddien College, Brunei.[1] From there, he would enrolled into Sandhurst Military Academy, United Kingdom.[1] He was commissioned as a junior lieutenant in the Irish Guards, in 1967.[3]

Perdana Wazir

On 29 September 1967, Mohamed Bolkiah was appointed by his father, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, as Pengiran Temenggong, one of Brunei's traditional wazirs.[4] In 1970, Mohamed Bolkiah was given by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah the new title of Perdana Wazir, head of the traditional Brunei wazirs, the "eyes and ears" of the ruler.[5]

Prince Mohamed Bolkiah was rumored to have primary authority over QAF Holdings.[6] Immediately following the independence of Brunei Darussalam in 1984, Mohamed Bolkiah was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade.[7] Only until that same year, he was the Pesident of the National Bank of Brunei (NBB).[2] During the cabinet reshuffle on 22 October 2015, he was replaced by his brother, the Sultan himself.[8] He also holds the title of the Chief Vizier (Perdana Wazir) in the Royal Court.[9]

Personal life


In August 1970, Mohamed Bolkiah married his first cousin, Yang Teramat Mulia (HRH) Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Zariah binti Al-Marhum Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji Mohamed Alam, the sister of Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha, the Raja Isteri (Queen).[10] Together they have 10 children whom are;[2]

Name Birth Marriage Their children
Date Spouse
Pengiran Anak Hajah Taiyibah Qalbul Bolqiah 11 June 1971 28 July 19XX Pengiran Haji Mohammad Hakimmuddin bin Pengiran Haji Hashim Pengiran Wajeeh Al-Bolkiah
Pengiran Qaiyimah Nurul Bolkiah
Pengiran Muda Abdul Qawi 27 January 1974 27 June 2013 Tengku Amalin A’ishah Putri binti Almarhum Sultan Ismail Petra of Kelantan Pengiran Anak Tengku Afeefah Musyafaah Bolkiah Putri
Pengiran Anak Tengku Azzahra Iffatul Bolkiah Putri
Pengiran Anak Tengku Zaafirah Muizzah Bolkiah Putri
Pengiran Anak Tengku Abdul Muhaimin
Pengiran Anak Hajah Ruqiyah Mataul Bulqiah 2 May 1977 None
Pengiran Muda Dr. Abdul Fattaah 8 March 1982 10 September 2018 Dayangku Elina Zuraidah binti Pengiran Kamaluddin None
Pengiran Muda Abdul Mu'min 17 July 1983 None
Pengiran Anak Mansurah Izzul Bolkiah 1 October 1985 None
Pengiran Muda Omar Ali 28 November 1986 None
Pengiran Anak Khaliilah Khalilatul Bolqiah 19 July 1989 None
Pengiran Anak Naafi'ah Khairul Bulqiah 27 May 1990 None
Pengiran Muda Abdul Muqtadir None


Titles, styles and honours

Styles of
The Prince of Brunei
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness
Alternative styleDuli Tuanku

The style and title of Mohamed Bolkiah in English is:
His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien[11]

In Malay: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien[12]


First Lieutenant Mohamed Bolkiah in the Irish Guards at Sandhurst, 1967.


  • Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei (DKMB)
  • Family Order of Laila Utama (DK) – Dato Laila Utama (1963)
  • Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Medal (PHBS) – (1 August 1968)
  • Armed Forces Service Medal (PBLI) – (1975)
  • Meritorious Service Medal (PJK) – (1954)
  • Sultan of Brunei Golden Jubilee Medal – (5 October 2017)
  • Honorary Lieutenant Colonel – (1 November 1970)[13]



  1. ASEAN Forecast. Executive Publication Pte. 1985. p. 60.
  2. Sidhu, Jatswan S. (22 December 2009). Historical Dictionary of Brunei Darussalam. Scarecrow Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-8108-7078-9.
  3. "Yang Teramat Mulia Seri Paduka Duli Pengiran Temenggong Sahibul Bahar Muda Muhammad Bolkiah, adinda Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan kelihatan dalam gambar sabelah kanan sedang mengambil bahagian dalam satu latehan perbarisan baru2 ini bagi perbarisan Baginda Queen di - Sandhurst, Maktab Tentera Di-Raja British yang mashor di selatan England. Yang Teramat Mulia itu akan di-lantek sebagai sa-orang Leftenan Muda dalam pasokan Irish Guards" (PDF). Pelita Brunei. 27 December 1967. p. 8.
  4. Vienne, Marie-Sybille de (9 March 2015). Brunei: From the Age of Commerce to the 21st Century. NUS Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-9971-69-818-8.
  5. Bolkiah, Prince Mohamed (2008). A Southeast Asian Community: More Than a Matter of Geography. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 978-981-230-786-6.
  6. South. South Publications Limited. 1988. p. 5.
  7. "About Us". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Brunei. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  8. Bangkok Post
  9. "Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam - Ministers". Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  10. "Perkahwinan Di-Raja Selamat Berlangsong" (PDF). Pelita Brunei. 15 July 1970. pp. 1 and 4.
  11. "HRH Prince Mohamed Bolkiah Grants Audience to Kenyan High Commissioner". BorneoPost. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  12. "Rumah Terbuka di Balai Penghadapan Bukit Kayangan" (in Malay). Pelita Brunei. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  13. "Pg Perdana Wazir sa-bagai Lt. Col. Kehormat AMDB" (PDF). Pelita Brunei. 18 November 1970. p. 8.
  14. Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "2009 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 2.
  15. "Royalty receive Malaysian State Decoration".
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