Mie ayam

Mie ayam, mi ayam, or bakmi ayam (Indonesian for 'chicken bakmi', literally chicken noodles) is a common Indonesian dish of seasoned yellow wheat noodles topped with diced chicken meat (ayam).[3][4] It is derived from culinary techniques employed in Chinese cuisine.[5][6] In Indonesia, the dish is recognized as a popular Chinese Indonesian dish,[5] served from simple travelling vendor carts frequenting residential areas, humble street-side warung to restaurants.

Bakmi ayam
Bakmi ayam with mushroom, chinese cabbage and chicken broth soup.
Alternative namesMi ayam cincang, bakmi ayam, Chicken noodles
CourseMain course
Place of originIndonesia[1]
Region or stateNationwide
Associated cuisineIndonesia
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsNoodle, chicken meat, soy sauce, garlic, cooking oil (from chicken fat or vegetable oil), chicken broth, chinese cabbage, scallions
Food energy
(per serving)
1 bowl of mie ayam contains 500 calories.[2] kcal

Preparation and serving

The yellow wheat noodle is boiled in water until it achieves an al dente texture and mixed in a bowl with cooking oil, soy sauce, and garlic. The oil coats the noodle in order to separate the threads. The oil can be chicken fat, lard, or vegetable oil. The chicken meat is diced and cooked in soy sauce and other seasonings including garlic. The chicken meat might also be cooked with mushrooms.[7]

The seasoned chicken and mushroom mixture is placed on the noodles, and topped with chopped spring onions (green shallots). Bakmi ayam is usually served with a separate chicken broth, boiled chinese cabbage, and often wonton (Indonesian: pangsit) either crispy fried or in soup, and also bakso (meatballs). While Chinese variants might use pork fat or lard, the more common Indonesian mie ayam uses halal chicken fat or vegetable oil to cater to Muslim eaters.[8]

Additional condiments might include tong cay (salted preserved vegetables), bawang goreng (fried shallots), daun bawang (leek), kulit pangsit goreng (fried dumpling skin), acar timun cabe rawit (pickled cucumber and birds eye chilli), sambal and tomato ketchup.


Mie ayam sold by travelling vendor with wonton and bakso meatball.

In Indonesia, the name is shortened to mie ayam or mi ayam. In Indonesia chicken noodles are often seasoned with soy sauce and chicken oil, made from chicken fat and spices mixture (clove, white pepper, ginger, and coriander), and usually served with a chicken broth soup.[8]

Flavour variants

Mie ayam "chicken noodle" can be served in two different flavour variants; the common salty and the sweet noodle.

  1. Mie ayam biasa or mie asin common salty mie ayam, which are the common savoury or salty noodle which uses salty soy sauce and chicken oil.
  2. Mie yamin or mie manis is the sweet variant. For the sweet noodle, the cook will put additional sweet soy sauce kecap manis, so the appearance will be a little bit brownish.

Regional variants

A set of jakarta ayam kampung-style mie ayam with suikiaw (prawn dumpling) soup and lettuce.
wonogiri-style noodle soup mie ayam.

There are variants of mie ayam based on the region, such as:

  1. Bangka-style mie ayam[9]
  2. Jakarta ayam kampung-style mie ayam[10][11]
  3. Wonogiri-style mie ayam[12]

Noodles colour variants

Mie ayam hijau (green mie ayam) or mie ayam bayam (spinach mie ayam).

A relatively recent creation is the colourful mie ayam. It uses additional ingredients mixed into noodle dough that alter the noodle into distinct unusual colour.

  1. Green noodles mie ayam; the noodle is coloured with spinach.[13]
  2. Black noodles mie ayam; the noodle is coloured with squid's ink[14] or charcoal.[15]
  3. Red noodles mie ayam; the noodle is coloured with beetroot.
  4. Purple noodles mie ayam; the noodle is coloured with taro.[16]

Noodles substitute variants

Other types of noodles such as bihun (rice vermicelli) and kwetiau (flat noodle) might be served in the same recipe instead of the bakmi. Kwetiau ayam (chicken kway teow) and bihun ayam (chicken bihun) refer to almost exactly the same recipe with mie ayam by replacing yellow wheat noodle with flat noodle or rice vermicelli.

See also


  1. "Menguak Asal-usul Mi Ayam". (Indonesian)
  2. "Calories in Indonesian Food Mie Ayam". My Fitness Pal.
  3. Marvellina. "Chicken Noodles / Mie Ayam". What to Cook Today.
  4. MiMi Aye (2014). Noodle! 100 Amazing Authentic Recipes. A&C Black. p. 105. ISBN 9781472910615. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  5. Heinz Von Holzen (2014). A New Approach to Indonesian Cooking. Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 9789814634953. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  6. Geok Boi Lee (2007). Classic Asian Noodles. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 47–48. ISBN 978-981-232-922-6.
  7. Pepy Nasution (June 24, 2010). "Mie Ayam Jamur (Indonesian Chicken Mushroom Noodle) Recipe". Indonesia Eats.
  8. "Chicken Noodle Soup (Mie ayam)". Indonesian Recipe.
  9. Media, Kompas Cyber (2020-08-22). "Resep Bakmi Bangka, Cocok untuk Sarapan Bersama Keluarga Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  10. Fitria, Riska. "Sudah Puluhan Tahun, Ini 5 Mie Ayam Legendaris di Jakarta". detikfood (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  11. Sari, Yenny Mustika. "Dijamin Halal! 5 Bakmi Ayam Kampung Ini Ada di Jakarta". detikfood (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  12. Media, Kompas Cyber (2021-05-24). "Resep Mie Ayam Gerobak ala Wonogiri, Kuah Kentalnya Bikin Ketagihan Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  13. Ilham (2015-05-10). "Resep dan Cara Membuat Mie Ayam Hijau/Ijo Mudah dan Praktis". Selerasa.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  14. RRI 2021, LPP. "Nikmati Lezatnya Mie Hitam William Songo". rri.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  15. Okta, Ivana. "Resep Mie Hitam Arang Homemade". fimela.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  16. "Resep Mie ubi ungu oleh Sukmawati_rs". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-11-18.
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