Menteri Besar of Terengganu

The Menteri Besar of Terengganu or First Minister of Terengganu is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Terengganu. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Terengganu State Legislative Assembly.

Menteri Besar of Terengganu
Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar
since 12 May 2018
Government of Terengganu
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofTerengganu State Executive Council
Reports toTerengganu State Legislative Assembly
ResidenceJalan Batu Buruk, Kampung Batu Buruk, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
SeatTingkat 16, Wisma Darul Iman, 20502 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
AppointerMizan Zainal Abidin
Sultan of Terengganu
Term length5 years or lesser, renewable once (while commanding the confidence of the Terengganu State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart)
Inaugural holderNgah Muhamad Yusof
Formation21 April 1925 (1925-04-21)

The 14th and current Menteri Besar of Terengganu is Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar, who took office on 10 May 2018.


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Terengganu shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam, and must not be a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause a conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar, but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeat in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. A Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or inability to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, a condition called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Terengganu politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar

The Legislative Assembly, unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar, shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days from the date of dissolution for a general election to be held, and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the Executive Council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Terengganu

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Terengganu since 1925:[1]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Independent   Barisan Alternatif   Alliance/BN   PMIP/PAS   PN

# Portrait Name
Political party[lower-alpha 1] Term of office Electoral
1 Ngah Muhamad Yusof
Independent 21 April 1925 28 June 1940
Vacant 29 June 1940 15 July 1940 -
Tengku Omar Othman
Independent 15 July 1940 9 Dec 1941
Da Omar Mahmud
10 Dec 1941 16 December 1945
4 Tengku Mohamad Sultan Ahmad
17 December 1945 26 December 1949
Kamaruddin Idris
27 December 1949 June 1959
6 Mohd Daud Abdul Samad
MLA for Setiu, 1959–1964
PMIP 29 June 1959 8 November 1961

1959 (1st)

7 Ibrahim Fikri Mohammad
(b. unknown–d. 1973)
MLC for Kuala Trengganu Utara, 1955–1959
MLA for Kuala Nerus, 1959–1973
Alliance (UMNO) 9 November 1961 3 September 1969

– (1st)
1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

8 Mahmood Sulaiman
(b. 1929–d. unknown)
MLA for Ulu Trengganu Barat, 1964–1974
1 October 1969 3 September 1972

– (3rd)

9 Nik Hassan Wan Abdul Rahman
(b. 1927–d. unknown)
MLA for Batu Rakit, 1972–1974
4 September 1972 2 August 1974 – (3rd)
10 Wan Mokhtar Ahmad
MLA for Cukai, 1974–1999
1 September 1974 3 December 1999

1974 (4th)
1978 (5th)
1982 (6th)
1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)

11 Abdul Hadi Awang
(b. 1947)
MLA for Marang, 1982–1986
MLA for Ru Rendang, 1986-2018
BA (PAS) 2 December 1999 25 March 2004

1999 (10th)

12 Idris Jusoh
(b. 1955)
MLA for Jertih, 2004–2013
BN (UMNO) 25 March 2004 25 March 2008

2004 (11th)

Ahmad Said
(b. 1957)
MLA for Kijal, 1990–1999,
since 2004
25 March 2008 12 May 2014

2008 (12th)
2013 (13th)

Ahmad Razif Abd Rahman
(b. 1965)
MLA for Seberang Takir, since 2008
12 May 2014 10 May 2018 – (13th)
15 Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar
(b. 1970)
MLA for Ru Rendang, since 2018
GS (PAS) 10 May 2018 Incumbent 2018 (14th)

2022 (15th)

  1. This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.


  1. "Terengganu". Retrieved 13 April 2011.
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