Mbarara district

Mbarara District is a district in South Western Uganda. In 2019 Uganda cabinet approved part of Mbarara the then Mbarara municipality to be upgraded to a city status in July 2020.

Mbarara District
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°36′S 30°36′E
Country Uganda
RegionWestern Uganda
Sub-regionAnkole sub-region
CapitalMbarara
Area
  Total1,846.4 km2 (712.9 sq mi)
  Land1,778.4 km2 (686.6 sq mi)
Elevation
1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Population
 (2012 Estimate)
  Total445,600
  Density250.6/km2 (649/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code027
Websitewww.mbarara.go.ug

Location

Cycling in Mbarara district

Mbarara District is bordered by Ibanda District to the north, Kiruhura District to the east, Isingiro District to the southeast, Rwampara District to the southwest, Sheema District to the west and Buhweju District to the northwest.[1] The district headquarters at Mbarara, the largest city in the sub-region, are located approximately 290 kilometres (180 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital city, and largest metropolitan area.[2] The coordinates of the district are:00 36S, 30 36E.

Overview

Mbarara District is part of the Ankole sub-region. The districts that comprise Ankole include: (a) Buhweju District (b) Bushenyi District (c) Ibanda District (d) Isingiro District (e) Kiruhura District (f) Mbarara District (g) Mitooma District (h) Ntungamo District (i) Rubirizi District (j) Sheema District.

The area covered by the above districts constituted the traditional Ankole Kingdom. In 1967, Milton Obote abolished the traditional kingdoms in Uganda. When Yoweri Museveni re-established them in 1993, Ankole did not re-constitute itself.

Mbarara district consists of one municipality (Mbarara Municipality), and nineteen rural sub-counties, organized into two counties. Mbarara District covers a land area of 1,778.4 square kilometres (686.6 sq mi), with an average elevation of about 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 1,200 millimetres (47 in). Temperatures range between 17 °C (63 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).

The district is subdivided into one municipal council, Mbarara Municipality, and 13 sub-counties, namely: 1. Kashari 2. Bubaare 3. Bukiro 4. Kagongi 5. Kakiika 6. Kashare 7. Rubaya 8. Rubindi 9. Rwanyamahembe 10. Biharwe 11. Kakoba 12. Kamukuzi 13. Nyamitanga.

Population

In 1991, the national census put the population of the district at about 267,500. The 2002 national census estimated the district population at about 361,500, with an estimated growth rate of about 2.2%. Of these, 51% were female and 49% were male. 55% of the district population are aged between 0 and 18 years. In 2012, the district population was estimated at approximately 445,600.[3]

Economic activities

As is the case with the majority of Ugandan districts, agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Mbarara District. Both crops and livestock are raised in the district, primarily on a subsistence level, but several commercial farms are located in the district. Crops grown include:

The livestock raised in the district includes:

Tourism

The main tourist attractions in Mbarara District include the following:

Lake Mburo National Park

Lake Mburo National Park is located about 30 km east of Mbarara Town.[4] The park size is approximately 370 km2[5] and was named after Lake Mburo which occupies about 20% of its total area.[5] The park is home to zebras, impalas, elands, leopards, hippos, hyenas, Defassa waterbucks, buffaloes and about 350 bird species.[5]

Lake Nakivale

Lake Nakivale is located about 40 kilometers south-east of Mbarara town.[6] The lake's water body, sandy beaches and expansive open grounds make it an attractive spot to tourists.

River Rwizi

River Rwizi supplies both domestic and commercial water to Mbarara town. The river is also an important ecosystem and acts as a tourist site for safari tourists on their way to and from the south western part of Uganda.

Community health

In Uganda, Mbarara district has consistently been rated among the top 20 districts in the improvement of community health. The district has attained a penta vaccine coverage of 86.4%, 66% deliveries of pregnant mothers in health units, a 1.3% out-patient department (OPD) per capita utilization, and a comprehensive HIV/AIDS service coverage of 85% with a prevalence rate of 7%, sanitation coverage of 97% and reduction in sanitation related diseases occurrence by 40%.[7]

See also

References

  1. Uganda District Map
  2. "Road Distance Between Kampala And Mbarara With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  3. "Estimated Population of Mbarara District In 1991, 2002 and 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  4. "Attractions in Mbarara | Uganda Tourist Sites". Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  5. "Lake Mburo National Park". www.ugandawildlife.org. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  6. http://visitankole.com/lake-nakivale.html. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. "Health | Mbarara District". www.mbarara.go.ug. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
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