Mayaca is a genus of flowering plants, often placed in its own family, the Mayacaceae (or Mayaceae in earlier systems).[4][5] In the APG II system of 2003, it is assigned to the order Poales in the clade commelinids. The Cronquist system, of 1981, also recognised such a family and placed it in the order Commelinales in the subclass Commelinidae.

Mayaca fluviatilis
1775 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Mayacaceae
Genus: Mayaca
  • Biaslia Vand.
  • Syena Schreb.
  • Coletia Vell.

The group is widely distributed in Latin America from Mexico to Argentina, as well as in the West Indies, the southeastern United States, and central Africa.[3][6][7][8]


Eighteen or so species names have been proposed,[9] but only 5 are accepted as distinct.[10]

  • Mayaca baumii Gürke - Congo-Brazzabille, Zaïre, Angola, Zambia
  • Mayaca fluviatilis Aubl. - southeastern United States from Texas to North Carolina; West Indies (Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad); Latin America from central Mexico to Argentina
  • Mayaca kunthii Seub. - Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay
  • Mayaca longipes Mart. ex Seub. - Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, the Guianas
  • Mayaca sellowiana Kunth - Costa Rica, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, the Guianas, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina


  1. Jean Baptiste Christophe Fusée Aublet (1720-1778) - Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Francoise vol. 3 pl. 15 (
  2. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  3. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. Sutton, D. A. & R. Khan. 1994. 258. Mayacaceae. 6: 173–174. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  5. Flora of North America, vol 22, Mayacaceae Kunth
  6. Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map for Mayaca fluviatilis
  7. Lourteig, A. 1952. Mayacaceae. Notul. Syst. (Paris. ) 14: 30--33. 1952. Lourteig, A. 1960. Distribution géographique des Mayacacées. Compt. Rend. Sommaire Séances Soc. Biogéogr. 323/2536[323]: 31--35.
  8. Thieret, J. W. 1975. The Mayacaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 56: 248--255.
  9. "The Plant List - Mayaca". 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  10. Pellegrini, M. O. O. & Carvalho, M. L. S. (2016). "The identity and application of Coletia madida and notes on the typification of Mayacaceae". Taxon. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). 65 (3): 605–609. doi:10.12705/653.12.

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