Marang District

The Marang District is a coastal district in Terengganu, Malaysia. The district seat is the town of Marang. The districts that border Marang are Kuala Terengganu and Kuala Nerus to the north, Hulu Terengganu in the west, while Dungun is in the south. The eastern part of the district is a stretch of coastline facing the South China Sea.

Marang District
Daerah Marang
Other transcription(s)
  Jawiماراڠ
  Chinese马江县
Location of Marang District in Terengganu
Marang District
Location of Marang District in Malaysia
Coordinates: 5°10′N 103°10′E
Country Malaysia
State Terengganu
Granted Municipality status2021 (Postpone)
SeatMarang
Local area government(s)Marang District Council
Government
  District officerTun Ahmad Faisal bin Tun Abdul Razak[1]
Area
  Total666.54 km2 (257.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
  Total97,857
  Estimate 
(2014)[4]
102,500
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postcode
21xxx
Calling code+6-09-6
Vehicle registration platesT

Etymology

The origin of the district's name is attributed to a Chinese entrepreneur of dried sea products known only by the name of Ma (, literally horses), who was one of the first settlers in the area. The sea products, consisting of fish and squid, are dried on racks called rang by the local populace. Given Ma owned all the rangs, the area became known as Ma rang (i.e. 'Ma's rangs'), which eventually became Marang.[5]

History

The administrative history of Marang began in the reign of Baginda Omar (r. 1839-1876), the ninth Sultan of Terengganu, with the appointment of noblemen governing riverine districts, whereby the governing noble would administer the collection of taxes and revenue on behalf of the Sultan. Previously, the power to collect taxes was in the hands of village heads; they were now only responsible for village-level administration. The new system greatly improved tax and revenue collection and increased local administration efficiency. Present-day Marang district was divided into four riverine districts, Marang, Bukit Payong, Alor Limbat and Merchang.[5]

In 1912, the nobility-based district administration was replaced by professional District Officers. The Marang District Office Building was erected in Marang town in 1915. However, in 1923, during the reign of Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (r. 1920-1942), the British Adviser, J.L. Humpherys, led a reorganization of district-level administration. The riverine districts were abolished and replaced with three dependencies (Malay: jajahan). The Marang and Merchang riverine districts were lumped with Kuala Berang and Kuala Terengganu into a new Central Dependency. Each dependency was headed by a Commissioner and assisted by an Assistant British Adviser.[5]

Geography and demographics

Marang has an area of 666 km². The district's topography consists of the South China Sea coast, peat swamps, hills and plains. The sub-districts (Malay: mukim) of Rusila, Pulau Kerengga and Merchang lie on the coast with sandy plains gradually giving way to hills in the interior. The Jerong sub-district is mainly hilly, while the sub-districts of Bukit Payong and Alor Limbat consist of rolling plains and peat swamps. The district's population of 84,938 (2000 census) is 97.2% rural and predominantly Malays (97.2%) while the Chinese are the biggest ethnic minority (2.6%).[6] Most people in Marang use the Marang sub-dialect of Terengganu Malay.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 69,637    
2000 83,284+19.6%
2010 95,283+14.4%
2020 116,605+22.4%
Source: [7]

Administrative divisions

Marang District is divided into 9 mukims, which are:

  • Jerung
  • Mercang
  • Pulau Kerengga
  • Rusila
  • Alur Limbat
  • Bukit Payong town
  • Bandar Marang
  • Bukit Payong
  • Pengkalan Berangan

Federal Parliament and State Assembly Seats


List of Marang district representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

No. Federal Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
P037 Marang Abdul Hadi Awang PN (PAS)


List of Marang district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly of Terengganu

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
N17 Alur Limbat Ariffin Deraman PN (PAS)
N18 Bukit Payung Mohd. Nor Hamzah
N19 Ru Rendang Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar
N20 Pengkalan Berangan Sulaiman Sulong

Tourist attractions

Among the main attractions in Marang district include:[8]

  • Kelulut Beach
  • Marang River cruise
  • Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve
  • Pulau Kapas (via passenger boats from Marang town)

Transportation

Marang town is about 16 km from the state capital Kuala Terengganu, using highway 3 which is the main route running through the constituency. Highway 14 runs through the western flank of Marang constituency and is an alternative route to Kuala Terengganu, as well as Kuala Berang.

See also

References

  1. Administrator. "Laman Web Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah Dungun". pdtmarang.terengganu.gov.my.
  2. primuscoreadmin (10 November 2015). "Info Marang".
  3. "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. Administrator. "Pengenalan Daerah Dungun". pdtdungun.terengganu.gov.my.
  5. "Marang: Sejarah" (in Malay). Pusat Internet Desa Marang. Archived from the original on 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
  6. "Marang: Organisasi" (in Malay). Pusat Internet Desa Marang. Archived from the original on 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
  7. "Key Findings Population and Housing Census of Malaysia, 2020" (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
  8. "Marang: Pelancongan" (in Malay). Pusat Internet Desa Marang. Archived from the original on 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
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