Malpua, or sometimes shortened to pua, is an Indian sweet served as a dessert or a snack originating from the Indian subcontinent, popular in India, Nepal and Bangladesh.[1]

CourseDessert, sweets
Place of originIndian subcontinent
Region or stateAndhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Rajasthan, Haryana, Maharashtra in India
Associated cuisineIndia, Nepal
Main ingredientsPlain flour, rice flour, fennel seeds, sugar
Malapua for Raja festival


Barley was the most prolific grain eaten by the arya of the Vedic period. One preparation was a sweet cake called malpua, where barley flour was either fried in ghee or boiled in water, and then dipped in honey. Malpua preserves both the name and the essentials of this preparation.[2]

Malpua and its varieties

Malpua is popular in Bangladesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra and Nepal where it is served during festivals along with other sweets.[3]

The batter for malpua in some areas is prepared by crushing ripe bananas or (in Bangladesh) coconut, adding flour, and water or milk. The mixture is sometimes delicately seasoned with cardamoms. It is deep fried in oil, and served hot. In Odisha the Malpua fritters are dipped in syrup after they are fried. The Bihari version of this dish has sugar added to the batter prior to frying.

Amalu (Malpua) is one of the Chapana Bhoga of Lord Jagannath and is included in the Sanja Dhupa (evening prayer). Other variations of Malpua use pineapples or mangoes instead of bananas. Bengali, Bhojpuri, Maithili and Odia malpua is traditionally made only with thickened milk and a little flour (sometimes rice flour instead of wheat flour).

Malpua in northern India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan, don't contain fruit. There are several variations, using some or all of the following ingredients: maida (refined flour), semolina, milk, and yogurt. The batter is left to stand for a few hours before being spooned into a kadhai of hot oil to form a bubbling pancake which should be crisp around the edges. The pancakes are then immersed in a thick sugar syrup. Malpua is a popular sweet to make on the Hindu religious occasion of Holi. Malpua is also served along with Mutton curry during Holi in the non-vegetarian houses of Bhojpuri region.[4]

Malpua in Nepal also known as Marpa is specially made in the Kathmandu Valley which uses maida, mashed up ripe bananas, fennel seeds, pepper corns, milk and sugar into a batter and prepared in a similar way as in India.

Malpua is a famous dish during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Muslim families across India, as well as Pakistan prepare malpuas for iftar (meal to break the fast). This malpua includes maida, rawa, and khoya/ mawa (milk solids), and is deep fried to take the shape of a pancake. In some recipes, malpuas are dipped in sugar syrup called sira before serving. They are famous in Odia cuisine.

See also

  • Gulgula – a related sweet that is often round


  1. Ray, Dipti (2007). Pratapararudradeva: The Great Suryavansi King Of Orissa 1497 To 1540. Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1358. Northern Book Centre. ISBN 978-8172111953.
  2. Achaya, K.T. (1998). Indian Food: A Historical Companion. Oxford University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0195644166.
  3. "From the Bihari malpua to Maharashtrian puranpoli: Dig into signature Holi treats". The Times of India. 2021-03-29. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  4. Upadhyay, Karishma (2018-07-19). "Feasting Bhojpuri style". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
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