Magdalo (faction)

The Magdalo was a faction of the Katipunan (a Philippine revolutionary organization with the aim to gain independence from Spain during the Philippine Revolution) chapter in Cavite.

TypePolitical faction
HeadquartersKawit, Cavite
Faction leader
Baldomero Aguinaldo
Key people
Emilio Aguinaldo
Licerio Topacio
Cayetano Topacio
Candido Tirona
Edilberto Evangelista
Parent organization

It was named after Mary Magdalene, patroness of Kawit, Cavite. It was officially led by Baldomero Aguinaldo, but his cousin Emilio Aguinaldo (whose own Katipunan codename was "Magdalo") was its most famous leader.[1]:22

The Magdalo had a rivalry with the other Katipunan chapter in Cavite, the Magdiwang (both factions are terminologies for feasts: "dalo" in Tagalog means to attend, diwang means to celebrate). When the Manila-based Katipunan leader Andres Bonifacio went to Cavite to mediate between them, the Magdalo argued for the replacement of the Katipunan by a revolutionary government.[1]:90 The Magdiwang initially backed Bonifacio's stance that the Katipunan already served as their government, but at the Tejeros Convention, both factions were combined into one government body under Emilio Aguinaldo who was elected as the president.

Some of the civil and military officials of the First Philippine Republic came from this group.

Magdalo Leaders

  • Baldomero Aguinaldo - President
  • Edilberto Evangelista - Vice President
  • Candido Tirona - Secretary of War
  • Felix Cuenca - Secretary of Interior
  • Glicerio Topacio - Secretary of Public Works
  • Cayetano Topacio - Secretary of Finance
  • Emilio Aguinaldo - Flag Officer

Magdalo Municipalities


  1. Alvarez, S.V., 1992, Recalling the Revolution, Madison: Center for Southeast Asia Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, ISBN 1-881261-05-0

Further reading

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