List of sovereign states by percentage of population living in poverty

Countries by percentage of population living in poverty, as recorded by World Bank and other sources.

World map of poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population). Based on World Bank data ranging from 1998 to 2018.[1]
Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population). Based on World Bank data ranging from 1998 to 2018.

Methodology

"Poverty" is defined as an economic condition by the lack of both money and basic necessities needed to live successfully, such as food, water, utilities, and housing. There are many working definitions of "poverty", with considerable debate on the most accurate definition of the term.

Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.

The first table lists countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than $1.90 (the extreme poverty line), $3.20 and $5.50 US dollars a day in 2011 international (PPP) prices. The data is from the most recent year available from the World Bank API.

The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line—the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

Definitions of the poverty line vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Even among rich nations, the standards differ greatly. Thus, the numbers are not comparable among countries. Even when nations do use the same method, some issues may remain.[2]

Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed. Data for some countries, including Libya and Saudi Arabia, remains unavailable. It is usually accepted that over one third (33.3%) of the population in Libya and Saudi Arabia live below the poverty line.[3][4]

Percent of population living on less than $1.90, $3.20 and $5.50 a day

Percent of population (including non-citizens) living on less than $1.90, $3.20, and $5.50 a day, international (PPP) dollars as per the World Bank, the World Poverty Clock, and the Our World in Data[1][5][6][7][8]

Country < $1.90[1][5] < $3.20[6] < $5.50[7] Year Continent
 Albania10.00%26.60%38.40%2019Europe
 Algeria0.32%2.23%20.83%2019Africa
 Angola51.40%72.79%89.13%2019Africa
 Argentina1.60%5.80%18.20%2020South America
 Armenia0.40%6.90%44.70%2020Asia
 Australia0.50%0.74%0.74%2019Oceania
 Austria0.60%0.70%0.80%2019Europe
 Azerbaijan0.00%0.00%0.00%2019Asia
 Bangladesh6.62%37.44%76.01%2019Asia
 Belarus0.00%0.00%0.10%2020Europe
 Belgium0.10%0.10%0.20%2019Europe
 Belize14.39%28.99%53.77%2019North America
 Benin43.38%70.53%89.54%2019Africa
 Bhutan0.66%6.73%28.98%2019Asia
 Bolivia4.40%9.00%21.60%2020South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina0.06%0.24%2.01%2019Europe
 Botswana13.09%34.29%57.61%2019Africa
 Brazil1.70%4.30%13.10%2020South America
 Bulgaria0.90%2.60%6.20%2019Europe
 Burkina Faso32.82%70.09%89.96%2019Africa
 Burundi79.53%92.77%98.02%2019Africa
 Cameroon22.77%43.42%67.59%2019Africa
 Canada0.25%0.50%0.74%2019North America
 Cape Verde2.11%11.45%34.23%2019Africa
 Central African Republic70.76%85.94%94.26%2019Africa
 Chad41.04%68.83%88.00%2019Africa
 Chile0.70%1.40%4.40%2020South America
 China1.34%5.70%15.80%2019Asia
 Colombia10.30%19.90%38.30%2020South America
 Comoros18.32%38.47%63.94%2019Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the70.99%88.31%96.78%2019Africa
 Congo, Republic of the55.65%77.62%91.94%2019Africa
 Costa Rica2.10%5.70%16.10%2020North America
 Croatia0.30%0.60%1.80%2019Europe
 Cyprus0.20%0.20%0.30%2019Asia
 Czech Republic0.00%0.00%0.30%2019Europe
 Denmark0.30%0.30%0.40%2019Europe
 Djibouti14.27%34.70%65.09%2019Africa
 Dominican Republic0.80%4.00%15.20%2020North America
 East Timor22.00%65.90%91.80%2014Asia
 Ecuador6.50%14.20%30.60%2020South America
 Egypt4.07%29.93%73.43%2019Africa
 El Salvador1.30%5.70%22.30%2019North America
 Estonia0.50%0.80%1.30%2019Europe
 Eswatini27.53%51.11%70.93%2019Africa
 Ethiopia19.54%52.82%85.67%2019Africa
 Fiji2.60%17.80%55.50%2019Oceania
 Finland0.00%0.10%0.10%2019Europe
 France0.02%0.02%0.11%2019Europe
 Gabon3.42%11.30%32.37%2019Africa
 Gambia, The7.98%32.53%68.09%2019Africa
 Georgia4.20%17.00%37.60%2020Europe
 Germany0.00%0.24%0.50%2019Europe
 Ghana10.70%25.85%50.27%2019Africa
 Greece0.70%1.30%3.40%2019Europe
 Guatemala6.64%20.13%43.29%2019North America
 Guinea21.26%55.11%85.70%2019Africa
 Guinea-Bissau62.65%82.41%92.21%2019Africa
 Guyana6.01%11.55%23.84%2019South America
 Haiti20.33%43.75%73.50%2019North America
 Honduras14.80%29.00%49.00%2019North America
 Hungary0.30%0.70%1.80%2019Europe
 Iceland0.00%0.00%0.04%2019Europe
 India2.90%9.7%23.78%2021Asia
 Indonesia2.30%18.80%50.90%2020Asia
 Iran0.60%4.30%17.80%2019Asia
 Iraq1.26%12.56%48.29%2019Asia
 Ireland0.24%0.32%0.40%2019Europe
 Israel0.24%0.74%2.47%2019Asia
 Italy1.39%1.82%3.05%2019Europe
 Ivory Coast22.06%50.07%76.90%2019Africa
 Jamaica1.80%9.31%29.93%2019North America
 Japan0.73%0.94%1.21%2019Asia
 Jordan0.10%1.77%16.25%2019Asia
 Kazakhstan0.01%0.14%3.67%2019Asia
 Kenya31.25%61.02%83.81%2019Africa
 Kiribati1.30%16.20%58.50%2019Oceania
 Korea, South0.23%0.23%0.74%2019Asia
 Kosovo0.23%2.56%20.68%2019Europe
 Kyrgyzstan1.10%16.20%58.10%2020Asia
 Laos9.35%36.62%69.51%2019Asia
 Latvia0.20%0.70%2.00%2019Europe
 Lebanon0.00%0.07%2.50%2019Asia
 Lesotho28.50%50.76%74.06%2019Africa
 Liberia48.17%78.54%94.46%2019Africa
 Lithuania0.50%0.70%1.40%2019Europe
 Luxembourg0.10%0.10%0.30%2019Europe
 Madagascar76.55%90.37%97.09%2019Africa
 Malawi73.50%90.40%97.10%2019Africa
 Malaysia0.01%0.09%1.39%2019Asia
 Maldives0.00%0.00%1.70%2019Asia
 Mali42.26%74.64%93.29%2019Africa
 Malta0.30%0.40%0.70%2019Europe
 Marshall Islands0.80%5.20%22.50%2019Oceania
 Mauritania5.35%22.22%56.33%2019Africa
 Mauritius0.13%1.79%10.30%2019Africa
 Mexico3.10%9.80%28.10%2020North America
 Micronesia15.39%38.25%68.81%2019Oceania
 Moldova0.00%0.50%13.30%2019Europe
 Mongolia0.24%3.68%22.30%2019Asia
 Montenegro2.19%4.72%12.92%2019Europe
 Morocco0.60%5.17%24.10%2019Africa
 Mozambique62.29%81.41%91.77%2019Africa
 Myanmar0.87%11.23%47.38%2019Asia
 Namibia15.95%33.32%54.08%2019Africa
   Nepal4.78%30.66%67.91%2019Asia
 Netherlands0.10%0.10%0.30%2019Europe
 Nicaragua3.45%13.15%35.49%2019North America
 Niger39.29%73.01%91.89%2019Africa
 Nigeria39.20%71.06%92.04%2019Africa
 North Macedonia3.32%6.72%16.59%2019Europe
 Pakistan10.20%56.20%80.30%2019Asia
 Palestine0.89%4.54%22.32%2019Asia
 Panama1.20%4.60%12.10%2019North America
 Papua New Guinea26.18%50.80%77.57%2019Oceania
 Paraguay0.80%4.70%17.90%2020South America
 Peru4.40%14.10%32.90%2020South America
 Philippines2.70%17.00%47.00%2018Asia
 Poland0.00%0.04%1.20%2019Europe
 Portugal0.10%0.20%0.90%2019Europe
 Romania2.00%4.10%9.20%2019Europe
 Russia0.03%0.33%3.27%2019Asia, Europe
 Rwanda48.97%75.60%90.04%2019Africa
 Saint Lucia4.37%9.37%18.61%2019North America
 Samoa0.56%6.61%26.78%2019Oceania
 São Tomé and Príncipe35.45%65.25%86.18%2019Africa
 Senegal27.50%55.69%81.86%2019Africa
 Serbia2.30%4.00%10.10%2019Europe
 Seychelles0.40%0.97%4.76%2019Africa
 Sierra Leone40.06%74.37%92.08%2019Africa
 Slovakia0.10%0.40%1.30%2019Europe
 Slovenia0.00%0.00%0.10%2019Europe
 Solomon Islands22.94%56.24%83.38%2019Oceania
 Somalia68.66%88.97%97.87%2019Africa
 South Africa19.67%38.49%57.85%2019Africa
 South Sudan80.71%93.27%98.44%2019Africa
 Spain0.80%1.20%2.50%2019Europe
 Sri Lanka0.57%8.58%37.32%2019Asia
 Sudan13.62%46.21%80.69%2019Africa
 Suriname (Urban)17.53%24.73%38.31%2019South America
 Sweden0.30%0.40%0.60%2019Europe
 Switzerland0.03%0.04%0.14%2019Europe
 Syria34.57%67.63%88.68%2019Asia
 Tajikistan2.21%11.13%38.49%2019Asia
 Tanzania47.72%75.70%91.40%2019Africa
 Thailand0.00%0.30%6.40%2020Asia
 Togo45.29%69.57%88.31%2019Africa
 Tonga0.58%5.94%23.98%2019Asia
 Trinidad and Tobago0.28%1.16%6.12%2019South America
 Tunisia0.22%2.84%16.41%2019Africa
 Turkey0.40%2.20%10.20%2019Asia, Europe
 Turkmenistan1.75%8.65%30.33%2019Asia
 Tuvalu0.28%8.99%30.10%2019Oceania
 Uganda41.00%70.50%89.00%2019Africa
 Ukraine0.00%0.10%2.50%2020Europe
 United Arab Emirates0.00%0.00%0.00%2019Asia
 United Kingdom0.30%0.46%0.86%2019Europe
 United States1.00%1.00%1.50%2019North America
 Uruguay0.20%0.70%4.60%2020South America
 Uzbekistan10.68%38.36%75.14%2019Asia
 Vanuatu8.60%32.30%68.10%2019Oceania
 Venezuela6.70%14.30%32.70%2006South America
 Vietnam1.35%5.69%19.87%2019Asia
 Yemen54.69%81.99%94.55%2019Asia
 Zambia58.52%75.21%87.95%2019Africa
 Zimbabwe39.50%63.80%82.80%2019Africa

Percent of population living below national poverty line

The percentage of the population living below national poverty line (%) – poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities (however definitions of the poverty line vary considerably among nations).

Country World
Bank
[9]
Year CIA[10] Year Other Year Continent
 Afghanistan54.5%201654.5%2017Asia
 Albania21.8%201914.3%2012Europe
 Algeria5.5%20115.5%2011Africa
 Angola32.3%201832.3%2018Africa
 Anguilla23.0%2002North America
 Argentina42.0%202035.5%201940.6%2021[11]South America
 Armenia27.0%202026.4%2019Asia
 Austria13.9%201913.3%20189.4%2018[12]Europe
 Azerbaijan6.0%20124.9%2015Asia, Europe
 Bahamas, The9.3%2010North America
 Bangladesh24.3%201624.3%2016Asia
 Belarus4.8%20205.0%2019Europe
 Belgium14.1%201914.8%20188.2%2018[12]Europe
 Belize41.0%2013North America
 Benin38.5%201938.5%2019Africa
 Bermuda11.0%2008North America
 Bhutan8.2%20178.2%2017Asia
 Bolivia39.0%202037.2%2019South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina16.9%201516.9%2015Europe
 Botswana19.3%200919.3%2009Africa
 Brazil4.2%201612.1%2011[13]South America
 Bulgaria23.8%201923.8%201916.7%2018[12]Europe
 Burkina Faso41.4%201841.4%2018Africa
 Burundi64.9%201364.6%2014Africa
 Cambodia17.7%201216.5%2016Asia
 Cameroon37.5%201437.5%2014Africa
 Canada9.4%200811.8%2018[12]North America
 Cape Verde35.0%201535.0%2015Africa
 Central African Republic62.0%2008Africa
 Chad42.3%201842.4%2018Africa
 Chile10.8%20208.6%201716.5%2017[12]South America
 China10.0%202010.6%2019Asia
 Colombia42.5%202035.7%201945.5%2012[13]South America
 Comoros42.4%201342.4%2013Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the63.9%201263.0%2014Africa
 Congo, Republic of the40.9%201140.9%2011Africa
 Costa Rica30.0%202021.0%201919.9%2019[12]North America
 Croatia18.3%201918.3%2018Europe
 Cyprus14.3%2019Europe
 Czech Republic9.5%201910.1%20186.1%2018[12]Europe
 Denmark12.1%201912.5%20186.1%2017[12]Europe
 Djibouti21.1%201721.1%2017Africa
 Dominica29.0%2009North America
 Dominican Republic21.0%201921.0%2019North America
 East Timor41.8%201441.8%2014Asia
 Ecuador33.0%202025.0%2019South America
 Egypt32.5%201732.5%2017Africa
 El Salvador26.2%202022.8%2019South America
 Equatorial Guinea76.8%200644.0%2011Africa
 Eritrea69.0%199350.0%2004Africa
 Estonia20.7%201921.7%201816.3%2018[12]Europe
 Eswatini58.9%201658.9%2016Africa
 Ethiopia23.5%201523.5%2015Africa
 European Union9.8%201317.3%2015[14]Europe
 Faroe Islands10.0%2015Europe
 Fiji29.9%201929.9%2019Oceania
 Finland12.2%20196.5%2018[12]Europe
 France13.8%201913.6%20188.5%2018[12]Europe
 French Polynesia19.7%2009Oceania
 Gabon33.4%201733.4%2017Africa
 Gambia, The48.6%201548.6%2015Africa
 Georgia21.3%202019.5%201921.9%2017[15]Asia, Europe
 Germany18.5%201914.8%201810.4%2017[12]Europe
 Ghana23.4%201623.4%2016Africa
 Greece17.7%201917.9%201812.1%2018[12]Europe
 Greenland16.2%2015North America
 Grenada38.0%2008North America
 Guam23.0%2001Oceania
 Guatemala59.3%201459.3%2014North America
 Guinea43.7%201843.7%2018Africa
 Guinea-Bissau47.7%201867.0%2015Africa
 Guyana35.0%2006South America
 Haiti58.5%201258.5%2012North America
 Honduras48.0%201948.3%2018North America
 Hong Kong19.9%2016Asia
 Hungary12.3%201912.3%201817.9%2018[12]Europe
 Iceland8.8%20174.9%2017[12]Europe
 India11.9%201111.9%20207%2019 [16]Asia
 Indonesia9.8%20209.4%2019Asia
 Iran18.7%2007Asia
 Iraq18.9%201223.0%2014Asia
 Ireland13.9%201913.1%20189.0%2017[12]Europe
 Israel22.0%201416.9%2019[12]Asia
 Italy20.1%201820.1%201813.9%2017[12]Europe
 Ivory Coast39.5%201839.5%2018Africa
 Jamaica19.9%201217.1%2016North America
 Japan16.1%2013Asia
 Jordan15.7%201815.7%2018Asia
 Kazakhstan5.3%20204.3%2018Asia, Europe
 Kenya36.1%201536.1%2015Africa
 Kiribati21.9%2020Oceania
 Korea, South14.4%201616.7%2018[12]Asia
 Kosovo17.6%201517.6%2015Europe
 Kyrgyzstan25.3%202020.1%2019Asia
 Laos18.3%201818.3%2018Asia
 Latvia21.6%201922.9%201817.5%2018[12]Europe
 Lebanon27.4%201127.4%2011Asia
 Lesotho49.7%201749.7%2017Africa
 Liberia50.9%201650.9%2016Africa
 Lithuania20.9%201920.6%201815.5%2018[12]Europe
 Luxembourg17.4%201911.4%2018[12]Europe
 Madagascar70.7%201270.7%2012Africa
 Malawi50.7%201951.5%2016Africa
 Malaysia8.4%20195.6%2018Asia
 Maldives5.4%20198.2%2016Asia
 Mali41.9%202042.1%2019Africa
 Malta16.9%201917.1%2018Europe
 Mauritania31.0%201431.0%2014Africa
 Mauritius10.3%201710.3%2017Africa
 Mexico43.9%202041.9%201848.0%2013[13]North America
 Micronesia41.2%201341.2%2013Oceania
 Moldova26.8%20207.3%2018Europe
 Mongolia27.8%202028.4%2018Asia
 Montenegro22.9%201924.5%2018Europe
 Morocco4.8%20134.8%2013Africa
 Mozambique46.1%201446.1%2014Africa
 Myanmar24.8%201724.8%2017Asia
 Namibia17.4%201517.4%2015Africa
   Nepal13.4%202113.4%2021Asia
 Netherlands13.4%201913.6%20198.3%2015[12]Europe
 New Caledonia17.0%2008Oceania
 Nicaragua24.9%201624.9%2016North America
 Niger40.8%201840.8%2018Africa
 Nigeria40.1%201840.1%2018Africa
 North Macedonia21.6%201821.6%201830.4%2011[17]Europe
 Norway12.7%20198.4%2018[12]Europe
 Pakistan21.9%201824.3%201540.0%2012[18]Asia
 Palau24.9%2006Oceania
 Palestine29.2%2016Asia
 Panama21.5%201922.1%2016North America
 Papua New Guinea39.9%200937.0%2002Oceania
 Paraguay26.9%202023.5%2019South America
 Peru30.1%202020.2%2019South America
 Philippines16.7%201816.7%2018Asia
 Poland14.8%201915.4%20189.8%2019[12]Europe
 Portugal16.2%201917.2%201810.4%2018[12]Europe
 Romania23.4%201923.8%201817.4%2018[12]Europe
 Russia12.1%202012.6%201813.8%2017[19]Asia, Europe
 Rwanda38.2%201638.2%2016Africa
 Samoa20.3%2013Oceania
 Saint Lucia25.0%2016North America
 São Tomé and Príncipe66.7%2017Africa
 Saudi Arabia12.7%2012 [20]Asia
 Senegal46.7%201146.7%2011Africa
 Serbia21.7%201923.2%2018Europe
 Seychelles25.3%201825.3%2018Africa
 Sierra Leone56.8%201856.8%2018Africa
 Slovakia11.4%201911.9%20187.7%2018[12]Europe
 Slovenia12.4%201912.0%20187.5%2018[12]Europe
 Solomon Islands12.7%2012Oceania
 South Africa55.5%201455.5%2014Africa
 South Sudan82.3%201676.4%2016Africa
 Spain21.0%201920.7%201814.2%2018[12]Europe
 Sri Lanka4.1%20164.1%2016Asia
 Sudan46.5%200946.5%2009Africa
 Suriname70.0%2002South America
 Sweden16.1%201917.1%20188.9%2018[12]Europe
 Switzerland15.5%201916.0%20188.5%2020[21]Europe
 Syria35.2%200782.5%2014Asia
 Taiwan1.5%2012Asia
 Tajikistan26.3%201926.3%2019Asia
 Tanzania26.4%201726.4%2017Africa
 Thailand6.8%20209.9%2018Asia
 Togo55.1%201555.1%2015Africa
 Tonga22.5%200922.5%2010Oceania
 Trinidad and Tobago20.0%2014North America
 Tunisia15.2%201515.2%2015Africa
 Turkey15.0%201914.4%2018Asia, Europe
 Turkmenistan0.2%2012Asia
 Tuvalu26.3%201026.3%2010Oceania
 Uganda20.3%201921.4%2016Africa
 Ukraine1.1%20191.1%2019Europe
 United Arab Emirates19.5%2003Asia
 United Kingdom18.6%201718.6%201722.0%2020[22]Europe
 United States15.1%201011.4%2020[23]North America
 Uruguay11.6%20208.8%201910.2%2021[24]South America
 Uzbekistan14.1%201314.1%2013Asia
 Vanuatu15.9%2020Oceania
 Venezuela33.1%201533.1%2015South America
 Vietnam6.7%20186.7%2018Asia
 Virgin Islands, U.S.28.9%2002North America
 Yemen48.6%201448.6%2014Asia
 Zambia54.4%201554.4%2015Africa
 Zimbabwe38.3%201938.3%2019Africa

See also

References

  1. "Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)". World Bank.
  2. ""Inequality watch". Archived from the original on 30 April 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2014." Eurostat 2010
  3. "Libya Economy 2017, CIA World Factbook". www.theodora.com.
  4. One third of the Saudi Arabia's population lives under the poverty line Archived 2016-05-09 at the Wayback Machine, 5 August 2013
  5. "World Poverty Clock". worldpoverty.io. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  6. "Poverty headcount ratio at $3.20 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)". World Bank.
  7. "Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)". World Bank.
  8. "Share in poverty relative to different poverty thresholds". Our World in Data. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  9. "World Databank". Databank.worldbank.org. 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  10. "Population below poverty line - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  11. "Incidencia de la pobreza y la indigencia en 31 aglomerados urbanos" (PDF) (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics and Census of Argentina. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 October 2021. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  12. "Poverty rates in OECD countries 2019". Statista. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  13. "Panorama social de América Latina 2010" (PDF). ECLAC (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  14. "Europe 2020 indicators - poverty and social exclusion - Statistics Explained". ec.europa.eu.
  15. http://geostat.ge/cms/site_images/_files/english/households/Absolute%20Poverty.xls%5B%5D
  16. "World Poverty Clock". worldpoverty.io. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  17. "Poverty Line" (PDF). Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  18. " "Below the line: Increasing poverty affecting 40% population, says report". The Express Tribune. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2020. Federal Minister for Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal noted that poverty had gone from 34 per cent in 2007 to 40 per cent in 2012 and was adding to the already-substantial number of development challenges.
  19. Rosstat (in Russian).
  20. "المملكة الأقل عربياً في نسبة الفقر.. والعاشرة عالمياً في تدني نسبة الفقراء". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  21. Office, Federal Statistical. "Poverty". www.bfs.admin.ch. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  22. "Overall UK Poverty rates". JRF. 20 January 2022. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  23. Bureau, US Census. "National Poverty in America Awareness Month: January 2022". Census.gov. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  24. "Share of population below the poverty line in Uruguay 2021". Statista. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.