List of prime ministers of Somalia

This is a list of prime ministers of Somalia. The prime minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 22 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first prime minister was Abdullahi Issa, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The current prime minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia is Hamza Abdi Barre,[1] approved by the House of the People on 25 June 2022.[2]

Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Incumbent
Hamza Abdi Barre
since 26 June 2022
Federal Government of Somalia
Council of Ministers of Somalia
StyleMr. Prime Minister
(informal)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
StatusHead of government
AbbreviationPM
Reports toPresident of Somalia
Federal Parliament of Somalia
SeatMogadishu
AppointerPresident
(with the approval of the parliament of Somalia)
Term lengthNo term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Somalia
Inaugural holderAbdullahi Issa
Formation29 February 1956
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Websiteopm.gov.so

List

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Trust Territory of Somaliland (1956–1960) •
Abdullahi Issa
(1921–1988)
29 February 19561 July 19604 years, 123 daysSYL1956
1959
Somali Republic (1960–1969) •
1
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 196012 July 196011 daysSYL
2
Abdirashid Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 196014 June 19646 years, 337 daysSYL
3
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 196415 July 19673 years, 31 daysSYL1964
4
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
[lower-alpha 1]
15 July 196721 October 19692 years, 98 daysSYL1969
Somali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) •
Post Abolished (21 October 1969–1 February 1987)
5
Mohammad Ali Samatar
(1931–2016)
1 February 19873 September 19903 years, 214 daysSRSP
6
Hawadle Madar
(1939–2005)
[lower-alpha 2]
3 September 199024 January 1991143 daysSRSP
Interim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) •
7
Umar Ghalib
(1930–2020)
[lower-alpha 3]
24 January 1991May 1993
(De facto to 3 January 1997)
5 years, 345 daysUSC
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[lower-alpha 3]
Transitional national government of Somalia (2000–2004) •
8
Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941–2020)
8 October 200028 October 20011 year, 20 daysIndependent
Osman Jama Ali
(born 1941)
Acting
28 October 200112 November 200115 daysIndependent
9
Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945–2020)
12 November 20018 December 20032 years, 26 daysIndependent
10
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
(born 1941)
8 December 200323 December 20041 year, 15 daysIndependent
Transitional federal government of Somalia (2004–2012) •
11
Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(born 1952)
23 December 200430 October 2007
(Resigned)
2 years, 311 daysIndependent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
(born 1942)
Acting
30 October 200724 November 200725 daysIndependent
12
Nur Hassan Hussein
(1937–2020)
24 November 200714 February 20091 year, 82 daysIndependent
13
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
14 February 200924 September 20101 year, 222 daysIndependent
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
(born 1962)
Acting
24 September 20101 November 201038 daysIndependent
14
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(born 1962)
1 November 201019 June 2011230 daysIndependent
15
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
19 June 201120 August 20121 year, 62 daysIndependent
Federal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) •
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
Acting
20 August 201217 October 201258 daysIndependent
16
Abdi Farah Shirdon
(born 1958)
17 October 201221 December 20131 year, 65 daysIndependent
17
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(born 1959)
21 December 201324 December 20141 year, 3 daysIndependent
18
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
24 December 20141 March 20172 years, 67 daysIndependent2016
19
Hassan Ali Khaire
(born 1968)
1 March 201725 July 20203 years, 146 daysIndependent
Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid
(born 1973)
Acting
25 July 202023 September 202060 daysIndependent
20
Mohamed Hussein Roble
(born 1963)
23 September 202026 June 20221 year, 276 daysIndependent
21
Hamza Abdi Barre
(born 1974)
26 June 2022[2]Incumbent219 daysUPD2021–22

Somali prime ministers are given a new number even when they are reappointed. For example, former prime minister Omar Sharmarke wrote on his Twitter page, "13th and 18th Prime Minister of Somalia."[3] The seat had long been vacant since Umar Ghalib stepped down as prime minister, but Ali Khalif Galaydh became the eighth in August 2000.[4] The acting prime minister is not numbered. For example, Osman Jama Ali was acting prime minister between Ali Khalif Galaydh, the eighth, and Hassan Abshir Farah, the ninth,[4] he didn't get a number. In June 2022, Hamza Abdi Barre succeeded the 20th[5] Mohamed Hussein Roble as the 21st Prime Minister.[6][7]

Timeline

Hassan Ali KhaireAbdiweli Sheikh AhmedAbdi Farah ShirdonAbdiweli GaasMohamed Abdullahi MohamedOmar SharmarkeNur Hassan HusseinAli Mohammed GhediHassan Abshir FarahAli Khalif GalaydhUmar GhalibMohammad Ali SamatarAbdirizak Haji HusseinAbdirashid ShermarkeMuhammad Haji Ibrahim EgalAbdullahi Issa

See also

Notes

  1. Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.
  2. Deposed in the Somali Rebellion.
  3. From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.

References

References

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