List of presidents of the Republic of the Congo

This is a list of presidents of the Republic of the Congo since the formation of the post of president in 1960, to the present day.

President of the
Republic of the Congo
Président de la République du Congo (French)
Coat of arms of the Republic of the Congo
Incumbent
Denis Sassou Nguesso
since 25 October 1997
ResidencePresidential Palace, Brazzaville[1]
Term length5 years, renewable
Inaugural holderFulbert Youlou
Formation15 August 1960
Salary108,400 USD annually[2]
WebsiteOfficial Website

A total of six people have served as President of the Republic of the Congo (not counting one acting/interim head of state and two collective presidencies). Additionally, one person, Denis Sassou Nguesso, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

Key

Political parties
  •   Democratic Union for the Defence of African Interests (UDDIA)
  •   National Movement of the Revolution (MNR)
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting/Interim Head of State

List of officeholders

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of the Congo
1 Fulbert Youlou
(1917–1972)
1961 15 August 1960 15 August 1963
(deposed)
3 years UDDIA Position not established
2 Alphonse Massamba-Débat
(1921–1977)[lower-alpha 1]
1963 16 August 1963 4 September 1968
(deposed)
5 years, 19 days MNR Himself
Lissouba
Noumazalaye
Raoul
Alfred Raoul
(1938–1999)
5 September 1968 1 January 1969 118 days Military Himself
3 Marien Ngouabi
(1938–1977)
1 January 1969 31 December 1969 364 days Military / PCT Position abolished
People's Republic of the Congo
(3) Marien Ngouabi
(1938–1977)
1974[3] 31 December 1969 18 March 1977
(assassinated)
7 years, 77 days Military / PCT Lopes
Goma
Military Committee of the PCT
Chairman:
Joachim Yhombi-Opango
(1939–2020)
18 March 1977 3 April 1977 16 days Military / PCT Goma
4 Joachim Yhombi-Opango
(1939–2020)
3 April 1977 5 February 1979
(resigned)
1 year, 308 days Military / PCT Goma
Presidium of the Central Committee of the PCT
Chairman:
Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya
(1936–2008)
5 February 1979 8 February 1979 3 days PCT Goma
5 Denis Sassou Nguesso
(born 1943)
1979[3][4]
1984[3][5]
1989[3][6]
8 February 1979 15 March 1992 13 years, 36 days Military / PCT Goma
Poungui
Poaty-Souchlaty
Moussa
Goma
Milongo
Republic of the Congo
(5) Denis Sassou Nguesso
(born 1943)
15 March 1992 31 August 1992 169 days Military / PCT Milongo
6 Pascal Lissouba
(1931–2020)
1992 31 August 1992 25 October 1997
(deposed)
5 years, 55 days UPADS Milongo
Bongho-Nouarra
Dacosta
Yhombi-Opango
Ganao
Kolélas
(5) Denis Sassou Nguesso
(born 1943)
2002
2009
2016
2021
25 October 1997 Incumbent 25 years, 99 days PCT Mvouba
Mouamba
Collinet Makosso

Notes

  1. Styled as Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution until 19 December 1963.

Timeline

Pascal LissoubaDenis Sassou NguessoJoachim Yhombi-OpangoMarien NgouabiAlphonse Massamba-DébatFulbert Youlou

Latest election

CandidatePartyVotes%
Denis Sassou-NguessoCongolese Party of Labour1,539,72588.40
Guy Brice Parfait KolélasUnion of Humanist Democrats–YUKI138,5617.96
Mathias DzonPatriotic Union for National Renewal33,4971.92
Joseph Kignoumbi Kia MboungouLa Chaine10,7180.62
Dave MafoulaSovereigntists9,1430.52
Albert OnianguéIndependent6,9770.40
Anguios Nganguia EngambéParty for Action of the Republic3,1570.18
Total1,741,778100.00
Valid votes1,741,77898.03
Invalid/blank votes35,0081.97
Total votes1,776,786100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,645,28367.17
Source: Constitutional Court

See also

References

  1. Palais présidentiel ou Palais du Peuple
  2. "The highest and lowest paid African presidents - Business Daily". Business Daily.
  3. Elections in Congo-Brazzaville African Elections Database
  4. May 1979 – Appointment of President Sassou-Ngouesso confirmed – President elected Prime Minister – Ex-President to be tried for Treason. Keesing's Record of World Events. Vol. 25. Congo. May 1979. pp. 29, 628.
  5. "Nov 1984 – Re-election of President – Government changes", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 30, November 1984, Congo, page 33,201.
  6. "Aug 1989 – Congo", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 35, August 1989, Congo, page 36,842.
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