List of political parties in South Africa

This is a list of political parties in South Africa. South Africa is a democratic but one-party dominant state with the African National Congress as the governing party. Other parties such as the Democratic Alliance govern provinces and municipalities, with some in coalitions with smaller parties.

Parliamentary parties

Name Abbr. Leader Founded Main Ideologies National
Assembly
NCOP Provincial
legislatures
Municipal
council seats
African National Congress ANC Cyril Ramaphosa 1912 African nationalism
Social democracy
230 / 400
54 / 90
255 / 430
4,549 / 8,794
Democratic Alliance
Afrikaans: Demokratiese Alliansie
DA John Steenhuisen 2000 Economic liberalism
Social liberalism
84 / 400
20 / 90
89 / 430
1,494 / 8,794
Economic Freedom Fighters EFF Julius Malema 2013 Marxism–Leninism
Black ultranationalism
44 / 400
11 / 90
50 / 430
982 / 8,794
Inkatha Freedom Party
Zulu: IQembu leNkatha yeNkululeko
IFP Velenkosini Hlabisa 1975 Conservatism
Economic liberalism
14 / 400
2 / 90
14 / 430
544 / 8,794
Freedom Front Plus
Afrikaans: Vryheidsfront Plus
VF+ Pieter Groenewald 1994 Afrikaner nationalism
Right-wing populism
10 / 400
3 / 90
11 / 430
221 / 8,794
African Christian Democratic Party
Afrikaans: Afrika Christen Demokratiese Party
ACDP Kenneth Meshoe 1993 Christian democracy
Social conservatism
4 / 400
0 / 90
3 / 430
49 / 8,794
United Democratic Movement UDM Bantu Holomisa 1997 Social democracy
2 / 400
0 / 90
2 / 430
51 / 8,794
African Transformation Movement ATM Vuyolwethu Zungula 2018 Christian democracy
Conservatism
2 / 400
0 / 90
2 / 430
53 / 8,794
Good GOOD Patricia de Lille 2018 Social democracy
2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 430
45 / 8,794
National Freedom Party NFP Vacant 2011 Egalitarianism
Social democracy
2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 430
52 / 8,794
African Independent Congress AIC Mandla Galo 2005 Social conservatism
2 / 400
0 / 90
0 / 430
43 / 8,794
Congress of the People COPE Mosiuoa Lekota 2008 Social democracy
Social liberalism
2 / 400
0 / 90
0 / 430
13 / 8,794
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania PAC Mzwanele Nyhontso 1959 African socialism
Black nationalism
1 / 400
0 / 90
0 / 430
21 / 8,794
Al Jama-ah
Arabic: الجماعة
ALJAMA Ganief Hendricks 2007 Islamic democracy
1 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 430
12 / 8,794

Other active parties

Name Abbrev. Leader Founded Main Ideologies Municipal council seats
ActionSA ACTIONSA Herman Mashaba 2020 Liberalism
90 / 8,794
Patriotic Alliance PA Gayton McKenzie 2013
75 / 8,794
Forum for Service Delivery F4SD Mbahare Johannes Kekana 2015
32 / 8,646
Abantu Batho Congress ABC Philani Mavundla 2021
25 / 8,794
African People's Convention APC Themba Godi 2007 African nationalism
Pan-Africanism
14 / 8,794
Independent Civic Organisation of South Africa ICOSA Jeffrey Donson 2006
8 / 8,794
Cape Coloured Congress CCC Fadiel Adams 2020 Localism
Cape Independence
8 / 8,794
United Christian Democratic Party UCDP Isaac Sipho Mfundisi 1997 Christian democracy
Federalism
6 / 8,794
Plaaslike Besorgde Inwoners
English: Concerned Local Residents
PBI Isaac Sipho Mfundisi 2016 Anti-corruption
6 / 8,794
Bolsheviks Party of South Africa BPSA Fanie Mogotji 2016 Marxism–Leninism
4 / 8,794
United Independent Movement UIM Neil de Beer 2020 Centrism
4 / 8,794
African Democratic Change ADeC Visvin Reddy 2017 Anti-corruption
3 / 8,794
Better Residents Association BRA Delta Mokoena
(imprisoned)
2011 Localism
3 / 8,794
Azanian People's Organisation AZAPO Strike Thokoane 1978 Black Consciousness
Socialism
2 / 8,794
Democratic Liberal Congress DLC Patrick Pillay 2016 Liberalism
Environmentalism
2 / 8,794
International Revelation Congress IRC Patrick Pillay 2013 Social conservatism
Social welfare
2 / 8,794
Power of Africans Unity PAU Julius Nsingwane 2016
2 / 8,794
South African Maintenance and
Estate Beneficiaries Association
SAMEBA Makgorometse Gift Makhaba 2014
2 / 8,794
Afrikan Alliance of Social Democrats AASD Pappie Mokoena 2019 Social democracy
Pan-Africanism
2 / 8,794
Africa Restoration Alliance ARA Jerome Swartz 2020
2 / 8,794
Minority Front MF Shameen Thakur-Rajbansi 1993 Indian interests
1 / 8,794
People's Revolutionary Movement PRM Nhlanhla Buthelezi 2016 Social conservatism
National conservatism
1 / 8,794
Cape Independence Party CAPEXIT Jack Miller 2007 Cape Independence
Direct democracy
1 / 8,794
Agang South Africa
English: Let Us Build South Africa
AGANG SA Andries Tlouamma 2013 Liberalism
Progressivism
0 / 8,794

Defunct parties

Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1994 – Present)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies Peak MPs (year)
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging
English: Afrikaner Unity Movement
AEB 1998 2003 Afrikaner nationalism
Conservatism
1 (1999)
Democratic Party
Afrikaans: Demokratiese Party
DP 1989 2000 Conservative liberalism
Economic liberalism
38 (1999)
Federal Alliance
Afrikaans: Federale Alliansie
FA 1998 2007 Conservatism
Libertarianism
2 (1999)
Independent Democrats ID 2003 2014 Left-wing Populism
Social liberalism
7 (2004)
National Party
Afrikaans: Nasionale Party
NP 1914 1997 Christian democracy
Conservative liberalism
82 (1994)
New National Party
Afrikaans: Nuwe Nasionale Party
NNP 1997 2005 Civic nationalism
Conservatism
28 (1999)
Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1958–1994)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies
Conservative Party
Afrikaans: Konserwatiewe Party
KP 1982 2004 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Labour Party
Afrikaans: Arbeidersparty
AP 1969 1994 Coloured people's rights
Anti-apartheid
Labourism
Social democracy
National Union
Afrikaans: Nasionale Unie
NU 1960 1966 Centrism
Social conservatism
New Republic Party
Afrikaans: Nuwe Republiekparty
NRP 1977 1988 Conservatism
Consociationalism
Progressive Federal Party
Afrikaans: Progressiewe Federale Party
PFP 1977 1989 Anti-racism
Liberalism
Progressive Party
Afrikaans: Progressiewe Party
PP 1959 1975 Anti-racism
Liberalism
South African Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Party
SAP 1977 1980 Conservatism
Federalism
United Party
Afrikaans: Verenigde Party
UP 1934 1977 Conservative liberalism
Monarchism
Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1910–1958)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies
Afrikaner Party
Afrikaans: Afrikanerparty
AP 1941 1951 Afrikaner nationalism
Conservatism
Dominion Party
Afrikaans: Dominiumparty
DP 1934 1948 Conservatism
Monarchism
Herenigde Nasionale Party
English: Reunited National Party
HNP 1940 1948 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Labour Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Arbeidersparty
LP 1910 1958 Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Purified National Party
Afrikaans: Gesuiwerde Nasionale Party
GNP 1935 1940 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Roos Party RP 1929 1935 Afrikaner nationalism
Monetary reform
Socialist Party SP 1938 1948 Democratic socialism
Social democracy
South African Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Party
Dutch: Zuidafrikaanse Partij
SAP 1910 1934 Afrikaner nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Unionist Party
Afrikaans: Unionisteparty
UP 1910 1920 Monarchism
Protectionism

Extra-parliamentary parties

  • Activists Movement of South Africa (AMSA)
  • Africa Muslim Party (AMP)
  • African Change Academy
  • African Christian Alliance (ACA)[1]
  • African Content Movement (ACM)
  • African Covenant (ACO)
  • African Mantungwa Community (AC)
  • African Renaissance Unity (ARU)
  • African Security Congress (ASC)
  • Afrikaner Volksparty[2]
  • All Things Are Possible
  • Alliance for Transformation for All (ATA)
  • Black First Land First (BLF)
  • Cape Muslim Congress (CMC)
  • Capitalist Party of South Africa (ZACP)
  • CHANGE (CHANGE)[3]
  • Christian Democratic Party (CDP)
  • Civic Warriors of Maruleng (CWM)
  • Compatriots of South Africa (CSA)
  • Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front (DPF)
  • Dagga Party (IQELA LE)[4]
  • Democratic Independent Party (DI)
  • Dikwankwetla Party (DPSA)
  • Economic Emancipation Forum (EEF)
  • ECOPEACE Party (ECOPEACE)
  • Federal Party SA (FPSA)[5]
  • Free Democrats (FREE DEM)
  • Gazankulu Liberation Congress (GLC)
  • Green Party of South Africa (GPSA) [6]
  • Kannaland Independent Party (KANNALAN)
  • Karoo Democratic Force (KDF)
  • Karoo Gemeenskap Party (KGP)
  • Keep It Straight and Simple Party (KISS Party)
  • Kingdom Governance Movement
  • Land Party (LAND)
  • MAP16 Civic Movement (MAP16)
  • Namakwa Civic Movement (NCM)
  • National Conservative Party of South Africa (NKP)
  • National Party South Africa (NP)
  • National People's Ambassadors (NPA)
  • National People's Front (NAPF)
  • National Religious Freedom Party (NRFP)
  • New South Africa Party
  • The Organic Humanity Movement (OHM)[7]
  • Pan Africanist Movement (PAM)
  • Peace and Justice Congress (PJC)
  • Sakhisizwe Convention (S.C.)
  • Siyathemba Community Movement (SCM)
  • Socialist Green Coalition (SGC)[8]
  • Socialist Revolutionary Workers Party (SRWP)
  • South African Communist Party (SACP) – part of the ANC-led "Tripartite Alliance"
  • South African National Congress of Traditional Authorities (SANCOTA)
  • South African Political Party (SAPP)
  • Spectrum National Party (SNP)
  • Sterkspruit Civic Association (SCA)
  • The Peoples Independent Civic Organisation (TPICO)
  • True Freedom Party[9]
  • Truly Alliance (TA)[10]
  • United Congress (UNICO)
  • Uniting People First
  • Us the People (US)[11]
  • Women Forward (WF)[12]
  • Workers and Socialist Party (WASP)
  • Ximoko Party (XP)

Defunct parties

  • Abolition of Income Tax and Usury Party (1994–?)
  • Afrikaner Party (AP; 1941–1951)
  • Boerestaat Party (BSP)
  • Christen Party/Christian Party (2005–?)
  • Christian Democratic Alliance (?–2009)
  • Christian Front (CF)[13] (???–2014)
  • Democratic Left Front (2011–2015)
  • Democratic Party (DP; 1973–1977)
  • Dominion Party (1934–1948)
  • Federal Alliance (FA; 1998–2007)
  • Federation of Democrats (2005–?)
  • Front Nasionaal (FN; 2013–2020) (previously Federale Vryheidsparty)[14]
  • Herstigte Nasionale Party (HNP)
  • Khoisan Aboriginal and Others Movement (2008–?)
  • Labour Party (1910–1958)
  • Labour Party (1969–1994)
  • Liberal Party of South Africa (1953–1968)
  • Nasionale Aksie (NA; 2003–2004)
  • National Alliance (NA; 2009)[15]
  • National Democratic Convention (NADECO; 2005–2009)
  • National People's Party (NPP; 2007–2016)[16]
  • New Labour Party (NLP; 2004–2009)
  • Pro-death Penalty Party (2004?)
  • Progressive Reform Party (1975–1977)
  • Reform Party (1975–1975)
  • Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA; 1998–2014)
  • South African Business Party (SABP; ?–2012)
  • South African Democratic Congress (Sadeco; 2008–2011)
  • South African Party (SAP; 1911–1934)
  • Ubuntu Party (2012–2020)
  • United Independent Front (UIF; 2005–2010)
  • United Party (UP; 1934–1977)
  • Workers Organisation for Socialist Action (WOSA; 1990–?)

See also

References

  1. Westhuizen, Pieter van der. "ACA Party". Acaparty.org.za. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  2. "Tuisblad – Afrikanervolksparty". afrikanervolksparty.org. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  3. "CHANGE". Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  4. "Welcome to the Dagga Party Official Website". Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  5. "Home". federalpartysa.github.io.
  6. https://www.greensouthafrica.co.za/. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. "The OHM". www.organichumanitymovement.org. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  8. http://www.sgc.org.za/. Retrieved 24 December 2018. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. "True Freedom Party | True Freedom Party". Archived from the original on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  10. "Home". trulyalliance.org.za. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  11. "A Young Party by Young People!". www.dailysun.co.za. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  12. http://www.womenforward.org.za
  13. "Five parties deregistered by IEC". Times LIVE. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. five parties – the Justice Party, the Real Congress, the United Democratic Civic Organisation, the Unemployed People's Party and the Christian Front – were deregistered
  14. "Legal Notice No 37064". Government Gazette. 581 C. 29 November 2013.
  15. "Untitled Document". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
  16. "NPP | Home". Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
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