List of national parks of Indonesia

This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia.[1] Of the 54 national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 9 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves[2] and 5 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. Around 9% of the Indonesia surface are national parks (less than the 25% of Germany or the 33% of France).

National parks in Indonesia

The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980.[3] This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.[4] Mount Tambora was added in 2015.[5] 3 more National Parks in Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Bangka Island were added in 2016.

Java

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Alas Purwo1992434168
Baluran198025096
Bromo Tengger Semeru1983503194World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Gunung Ciremai200415560
Gunung Gede Pangrango198015058World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Gunung Halimun Salak1992400150
Gunung Merapi20046425
Gunung Merbabu20045721
Karimunjawa19861,116431most
Kepulauan Seribu19821,080420most
Meru Betiri1982580224
Ujung Kulon19921,206466443 km²World Heritage Site[6]

Kalimantan

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Betung Kerihun19958,0003,100Proposed World Heritage Site[7]
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya19921,811699
Danau Sentarum19991,320510Ramsar site
Gunung Palung1990900350
Kayan Mentarang199613,6055,252
Kutai19821,986767
Sabangau20045,6872,196
Tanjung Puting19824,1501,370World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Lesser Sunda Islands

Kelimutu National Park
Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bali Barat199519073
Gunung Rinjani1990413159
Kelimutu19925020
Komodo19801,81770166%World Heritage Site;[8]
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Laiwangi Wanggameti1998470180
Manupeu Tanah Daru1998880340
Mount Tambora[9]2015716276
National parks on Bali
National parks on Lombok
Kelimutu
National parks on and around Flores
Laiwangi Wanggameti
Manupeu Tanah Daru
National parks on Sumba

Maluku and Papua

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Aketajawe-Lolobata20041,673646
Lorentz199725,0509,670World Heritage Site[10]
Manusela19821,890729
Teluk Cenderawasih200214,5355,61190%
Wasur19904,1381598Ramsar site

Sulawesi

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bantimurung - Bulusaraung2004480185
Bogani Nani Wartabone19912,8711,108
Bunaken199189034297%Proposed World Heritage Site [11]
Gandang Dewata[12]2016793306
Kepulauan Togean[13]20043,6201,400700 km²
Lore Lindu19822,290884World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Rawa Aopa Watumohai19891,052406Ramsar site
Taka Bone Rate20015,3082,049mostWorld Network of Biosphere Reserves
Proposed World Heritage Site[14]
Wakatobi200213,9005,370mostWorld Network of Biosphere Reserves
Proposed World Heritage Site[15]

Sumatra

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Batang Gadis[16]20041,080417
Berbak19921,628628Ramsar site
Bukit Barisan Selatan19823,6501410World Heritage Site unit[17]
Bukit Duabelas2000605233
Bukit Tigapuluh19951,277493
Gunung Leuser19807,9273,061World Heritage Site unit[17]
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Kerinci Seblat199913,7505,310World Heritage Site unit[17]
Sembilang20012,051792Ramsar site
Siberut19921,905735World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Tesso Nilo[18]20041,000386
Way Kambas19891,300500
Zamrud[19]2016314121
Mount Maras[20]201616865


See also

  • Protected areas of Indonesia

References

  1. "National Parks in Indonesia". Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
  2. UNESCO: "Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development", retrieved 18 July 2015
  3. Indonesian Ministry of Forestry Archived 15 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 8 January 2010
  4. WWF:Indonesia establishes 1.3 million hectares of Protected Areas, Retrieved 19 February 2010
  5. "Mount Tambora National Park Transformed Into New Ecotourism Destination", in Antara News, 15 April 2015
  6. "Ujung Kulon National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  7. "Betung Kerihun National Park (Transborder Rainforest Heritage of Borneo)". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 October 2007.
  8. "Komodo National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  9. "Mount Tambora National Park Transformed Into New Ecotourism Destination". Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  10. "Lorentz National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  11. UNESCO tentative list, Retrieved 28 September 2009
  12. Kabupatem Mamasa, Retrieved 15 November 2017
  13. "Rare Pride helps Togean Islands Establish National Park". Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  14. "World Heritage Tentative List: Taka Bonerate National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  15. "World Heritage Tentative List: Wakatobi National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  16. "Indonesia Declares Batang Gadis National Park". Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
  17. "Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  18. "Indonesia Declares Tesso Nilo National Park". Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  19. "Indonesia declares national park in top palm oil-producing province". Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  20. "Mt. Maras National Park · Indonesian Forest".
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