List of heads of state of Eritrea

This is a list of heads of state of Eritrea. Since the establishment of the office of President in 1993, the office has been held by Isaias Afwerki. The President is the head of state and head of government of Eritrea, as well as commander-in-chief of the Eritrean Defence Forces.

President of the
State of Eritrea
Presidential Standard
Isaias Afwerki
since 24 May 1993
StyleHis Excellency
ResidencePresident's Office, Asmara
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years; once renewable†
Inaugural holderIsaias Afwerki
Formation24 May 1993
Salary6,000 USD annually[1]
†: As the Constitution of Eritrea has to date never been implemented, elections have never been held and the incumbent has remained in office without being bound by fixed terms.

The list also includes Secretary-General of the Provisional Government, who acted as head of state of Eritrea between 1991 and 1993, before the proclamation of independence.


No. Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Provisional Government of Eritrea (1991–1993) •
1 Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)
27 April 1991 24 May 1993 2 years, 27 days EPLF
State of Eritrea (1993–present) •
1 Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)[lower-alpha 1]
24 May 1993 Incumbent 29 years, 253 days PFDJ

See also


  1. Also Chairman of the National Assembly.


  1. Today, Latest Africa News, Headlines & Top Stories (5 November 2018). "African Leaders With The Lowest Salaries". Archived from the original on 22 March 2019.
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