List of governors of North Carolina (1712–1776)

The governor of North Carolina from 1712 to 1776 was the representative of the British monarch in North Carolina. From 1729 to 1776, he was appointed by the monarch on the advice of the secretary of state for the Southern Department and the Board of Trade. The role of the governor was to act as the de facto head of state, and he was responsible for appointing members of the provincial government after a general election. The governor served as the commander in chief of the provincial militia and had sole responsibility for defence and security.[1][2][3][4][5]

Governor of North Carolina
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceGovernor's Palace, Newbern
AppointerMonarch of Great Britain
FormationJanuary 24, 1712
First holderEdward Hyde
Final holderJosiah Martin
AbolishedJuly 4, 1776

Besides the governor, other provincial officials included a secretary, attorney general, surveyor general, the receiver general, chief justice, five customs collectors for each of the five ports in North Carolina, and a council. The council advised the governor and also served as the upper house of the legislature. The president of the council occasionally served as acting governor.[1]

List of governors of North Carolina (1712–1776)

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Picture Took office Left office Monarch
(Reign)
1 His Excellency
Edward Hyde
(1667–1712)
January 24, 1712 September 8, 1712 Anne

(1712–1714)
His Excellency
Thomas Pollock
(1654–1722)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
September 12, 1712 May 28, 1714
2 His Excellency
Charles Eden
(1673–1722)
May 28, 1714 March 26, 1722
His Excellency
Thomas Pollock
(1654–1722)
Council president who served in the absence of governor died in office
March 30, 1722 August 30, 1722 George I

(1714–1727)
His Excellency
William Reed
(c. 1670–1728)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
September 7, 1722 January 15, 1724
3 His Excellency
George Burrington
(1682–1759)
January 15, 1724 July 17, 1725
4 His Excellency
Sir Richard Everard
(1683–1733)
July 17, 1725 February 25, 1731 George II

(1727–1760)
5 His Excellency
George Burrington
(1682–1759)
February 25, 1731 April 17, 1734
His Excellency
Nathaniel Rice
(c. 1670–1753)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
April 17, 1734 November 2, 1734
6 His Excellency
Gabriel Johnston
(1699–1752)
November 2, 1734 July 17, 1752
His Excellency
Nathaniel Rice
(c. 1684–1753)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
July 17, 1752 January 28, 1753
His Excellency
Matthew Rowan
(d. 1760)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
February 1, 1753 November 1, 1754
7 His Excellency
Arthur Dobbs
(1689–1765)
November 1, 1754 October 27, 1764
8 His Excellency
William Tryon
(1729–1788)
October 27, 1764 June 30, 1771 George III

(1760–1776)
His Excellency
James Hasell
(d. 1785)
Council president who served in the absence of governor
July 1, 1771 August 12, 1771
9 His Excellency
Josiah Martin
(1737–1786)
August 12, 1771 July 4, 1776

References

  1. "Overview of the Colonial Period". NCPEDIA. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  2. Lewis, J.D. "House of Burgesses of North Carolina". Carolana.com. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  3. Lewis, J.D. "Executive Councils of Royal Governors". Carolana.com. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  4. Lewis, J.D. "The Royal Colony Governors". Carolana.com. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  5. Robinson, Blackwell P. (1963). The Five Royal Governors of North Carolina 1729-1775.
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