List of egg dishes

This is a list of notable egg dishes and beverages. Eggs are laid by females of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.[1] Bird and reptile eggs consist of albumen (egg white) and vitellus (egg yolk), contained within many different thin membranes all surrounded by a protective eggshell.

A raw cracked chicken egg

Popular choices for egg consumption are chicken, duck, quail, roe, caviar, and emu. The chicken egg is the egg most often consumed by humans.

Egg dishes

Name Image Flavor Origin Description
Akashiyaki Savory Japan A small piece of octopus encased in a round egg mix, developed into takoyaki. Called simply tamago-yaki (egg-cook) by the Akashi locals.
Akok[2] Sweet Malaysia
Aletria Sweet Portugal
Avgolemono Savory Mediterranean A family of sauces and soups made with egg and lemon juice, mixed with broth.
Baghali ghatogh Savory Iran A khoresh (Persian stew) made with baghalas (Rashtian faba beans), dill, and eggs. Usually served with kateh (Persian rice dish) in the northern provinces of Iran.
Bai pong moan Savory Cambodia A Cambodian dish, consisting of fried eggs and white rice
Baid Mutajjan[3] Savory Egypt Also called Baid Mazalil or Baid Mezaghlil. An egg is hard boiled, peeled, then pan fried whole with butter and spices.
Bolo de arroz Sweet Portugal
Balut Savory Southeast Asia A steamed fertilized duck egg containing a partially developed duck embryo, it is commonly sold as street food in the Philippines.
Basted egg Plain Sunny-side-up eggs that are slightly cooked on the top. This can be accomplished by spooning fat from the pan onto the eggs[4] or by turning them and cooking the yolk side for a few seconds.[5]
Brik Savory Tunisia A Tunisian dish consisting of thin warka pastry around a filling commonly deep fried. The best-known version is the egg brik, a whole egg in a triangular pastry pocket with chopped onion, tuna, harissa and parsley.
Buttered eggs Plain England Scrambled eggs with additional butter melted and stirred into the egg mixture before cooking.[6]
Carbonara Savory Italy An Italian pasta dish from Rome[7][8] made with egg, hard cheese, guanciale (or pancetta), and pepper.
Century egg[9] Savory China Originated as an ingredient or an appetizer in Chinese cuisine made by preserving duck, chicken or quail eggs in a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quicklime, and rice hulls for several weeks to several months, depending on the method of processing. Now commonly found in some East and Southeast Asian countries, especially those with Chinese heritage.[10]
Chawanmushi Savory Japan An egg custard dish found in Japan that uses the seeds of ginkgo.[11]
Chinese steamed eggs Savory China A Chinese home-style dish found all over China. Eggs are beaten to a consistency similar to that used for an omelette, water is added and the mixture steamed.
Çılbır Savory Turkey Poached eggs with yogurt, often with garlic mixed in
Creamed eggs on toast Savory United States A breakfast dish consisting of toast or biscuits covered in a gravy made from bechamel sauce and chopped hard-boiled eggs.
Croque Madame Savory France A croque-monsieur sandwich served with a fried egg or poached egg on top
Boiled egg Plain This dish is boiled either long enough for the yolk to become solid ("hard boiled") or just long enough for the egg white to solidify ("soft boiled"). A similar result may be achieved by steaming the eggs rather than boiling.[12]
Coddled egg[13] Plain In cooking, coddled eggs are gently or lightly cooked eggs.
Custard pie Sweet United States A custard pie is any type of uncooked custard mixture added to an uncooked or partially cooked crust and baked together.
Danbing Savory Taiwan A Taiwanese breakfast dish which is made by kneading flour, potato starch, glutinous rice flour, and water into a thin dough, and an omelet is baked on top.
Datemaki Savory Japan A rolled omelet made with fish paste.[14]
Divinity Sweet United States A nougat-like confection made with egg white, corn syrup, and sugar.
Doce de ovos[15] Sweet Portugal
Dashimaki tamago Savory Japan Tamagoyaki (Omelet rolls) which includes dashi.[16]
Deep fried egg Savory Sometimes served breaded, and sometimes prepared using only yolks.
Deviled eggs/Jajka faszerowane[17](pol) Savory Italy / Poland Yolks of hard-boiled eggs are mashed with cream or mayonnaise, mustard, and seasonings and then mounded or piped into the white of the boiled egg. Served cold, often al fresco.
Eggah Savory Arab Cuisine Eggs binding a filling of vegetables and meat, sometimes with Arabic spices.
Egg bhurji Savory India Similar to scrambled eggs, mixed with fried onions and spices.
Egg kalakki Savory India “Kalakki” in Tamil means “to mix”. It is a soft scrambled egg with a little curry added into it. Kalakki is a famous food from southern Tamil Nadu. Nowadays, it is a very sought after dish in many restaurants all over Tamil Nadu.[18]
Egg curry Savory India A spicy dish made with boiled eggs, tomatoes, and fried onions and normally eaten with bread or rotis.
Egg butter (Karjala) Savory Estonia, Finland A mixture of butter and hard boiled eggs.
Egg custard Sweet The most common custards are used in custard desserts or dessert sauces and typically include sugar and vanilla; however, savory custards are also found in dishes such as quiche.
Egg tart Sweet Hong Kong[19] A kind of custard tart found in Chinese cuisine derived from the English custard tart and Portuguese pastel de nata.
Fios de ovos Sweet Portugal Angel hair, called in Portuguese fios de ovos ("egg threads"), is a traditional Portuguese sweet food made of eggs (chiefly yolks), drawn into thin strands and boiled in sugar syrup.
Foi tong[20] Sweet Thailand Derived from Portugal's fios de ovos.
Egg foo yung Savory China, Chinese diaspora Eggs are stirred together with vegetables such as bean sprouts and scallions, then quickly cooked in a hot skillet or deep-fried in oil, and served with gravy.
Egg in a basket Savory United States An egg fried within a hole in a slice of bread.
Egg drop soup Savory China A Chinese soup of wispy beaten eggs in boiled chicken broth.
Egg salad Savory United States Egg salad is often used as a sandwich filling, typically made of chopped hard-boiled eggs, mayonnaise, mustard, minced celery, onion, salt, pepper, and paprika. It is also often used as a topping on green salads. It's also sometimes referred to as egg mayonnaise.
Egg sandwich Savory United States A sandwich with some kind of egg filling. Sliced hard boiled eggs, egg salad and scrambled eggs are popular options. Additional fillings such as various meats and cheeses abound. Common versions are the fried egg sandwich and the bacon, egg and cheese sandwich.
Egg thread nets[21] Savory Thailand Used to hold other foods.
Eggs and brains Savory Pork brains (or those of another mammal) and scrambled eggs. It is a dish of the Portuguese cuisine known as Omolete de Mioleira.
Eggs Beauregard Savory United States Biscuits and gravy with fried egg and sausage.
Eggs Benedict Savory United States Poached eggs on Canadian bacon on top of toasted English muffin halves covered with hollandaise sauce.
Eggs do pyaza[22] Savory India A type of dopiaza made with eggs.
Eggs moghlai[23] Savory India, United Kingdom
Eggs Neptune Savory United States A variation of Eggs Benedict, with crab meat replacing Canadian bacon.
Eggs Florentine Savory United States A variation of Eggs Benedict, with spinach replacing Canadian bacon.
Eggs Royale Savory United States A variation on Eggs Benedict, replacing the ham with smoked salmon.
Ervilhas com ovos[24] Savory Portugal
Eyerlekh Savory Ashkenazi (Jewish) Creamy, flavorful unhatched eggs found inside just-slaughtered chickens and typically cooked in soup.
Farofa de ovos[25] Savory Brazil
Flæskeæggekage[26][27] Savory Denmark An oven baked or pan fried thick omelette (egg cake) topped with crispy bacon, tomatoes and chives.
Floating island Sweet France A dessert consisting of meringue floating on crème anglaise (a vanilla custard). The meringue is prepared from whipped egg whites, sugar, and vanilla extract and baked in a bain-marie.[28][29] The crème anglaise is prepared with the egg yolks, vanilla, and hot milk, and then briefly cooked.
French toast Savory or Sweet Bread dipped in raw egg yolk is shallow fried on a pan. Often topped with a sprinkling of powdered sugar, fruit, or maple syrup.
Fried egg Plain Cooked in hot grease in a skillet in a variety of ways to produce differing results: eggs can be cooked lightly on one side only ("sunny side up"), cooked lightly on one side and turned over briefly ("over easy"), cooked on both sides so the white is solid but the yolk still soft and runny ("over medium")[30] and thoroughly cooked on both sides with the yolk solid ("over well"), or with the yolk broken ("over hard"), among others.
Frittata Savory An Italian egg-based dish similar to an omelette or crustless quiche, enriched with additional ingredients such as meats, cheeses, vegetables or pasta.
Frozen custard Sweet United States A cold dessert similar to ice cream, but made with eggs in addition to cream and sugar.
Gari foto[31][32] Savory West Africa
Gyeran-mari Savory Korea A savory banchan (side dish) made with beaten eggs mixed with several finely diced ingredients such as onion, carrots, meats and cheese, among others.
Gyeranppang Savory or Sweet Korea A snack food prepared with egg and rice flour.
Hamburger Savory United States Hamburger patties may include eggs as a binder. A fried egg is a popular, albeit non-traditional, hamburger topping, as pictured to the left.
Ham and eggs Savory United States A dish combining various preparations of its main ingredients, ham and eggs.
Haminados Savory Israel Eggs braised or cooked in Shabbat stew or cooked separately.
Hangtown fry Savory United States A type of omelette made famous during the California Gold Rush in the 1850s. The most common version includes bacon and oysters combined with eggs and fried together.[33]
Huevos divorciados Savory Mexico A Mexican breakfast featuring two fried eggs separated by a column of chilaquiles, and each egg is covered by a different salsa.
Huevos motuleños Savory Mexico A breakfast food made with eggs on tortillas with black beans and cheese, often with other ingredients such as ham, peas, plantains, and salsa picante.[34]
Huevos pericos Savory Colombia, Venezuela Scrambled eggs with scallions, tomatoes and peppers.
Huevos rancheros Savory Mexico Eggs either poached in salsa or fried, served on top of corn tortillas and frijoles. Toppings may include avocado slices, melted cheese, sour cream, cilantro, etc.
Huevos reales[35] Sweet Spain, Latin America
Huevos rotos Savory Spain Fried or scrambled eggs are served on top of fried potatoes, sometimes with ham or other types of meat such as chorizo. If the eggs are fried, they may be put whole on top of the potatoes or they may be cut up.
Indian omelette Savory A version of the omelette found in Indian cuisine. Its main ingredients are eggs, herbs, tomatoes and spices that vary by region.
Iritamago Savory Japan A Japanese dish, consisting of finely scrambled eggs with soya sauce.
Iron egg Savory Taiwan A Taiwanese dish, consisting of small eggs that have been repeatedly stewed in a mix of spices and air-dried. The resulting eggs are dark brown on the outside, chewy in texture, and very flavourful compared to standard boiled eggs.[36]
Kai kwan[37] Savory Thailand
Kai look koei[38] Savory Thailand
Kanom mo Kaeng[39] Sweet Thailand
Kaiserschmarrn Sweet Austria and Germany
Khagina Savory Iran, Pakistan
Kogel mogel Sweet Eastern Europe An egg-based homemade dessert once popular in parts of Europe and the Caucasus. It is made from egg yolks, sugar, and flavorings such as honey, vanilla, cocoa or rum, and is similar to eggnog or zabaione.
Khai yat sai Savory Thailand A type of Thai omelette; the name means "stuffed eggs". The egg is cooked lightly, topped with various ingredients and then folded over.
Khanom khai Savory Thailand A dessert prepared using eggs, sugar and flour.
Kedgeree Savory British corruption of Indian Khichdi. A dish consisting of cooked, flaked fish (sometimes smoked haddock), boiled rice, parsley, hard-boiled eggs, curry powder, butter or cream, and occasionally sultanas.
Kuku (food) Savory Iran[40] A genre of egg dishes cooked in a pancake shape with one or more additional ingredients.
Kuro-tamago hard-boiled egg Savory Japan Black boiled egg, cooked in a sulfur rich hot spring.
Lampreia de ovos[41] Sweet Portugal
Loco moco Savory United States White rice topped with a hamburger patty, a fried egg, and brown gravy.
Machaca and eggs Savory Northwest Mexico, Southwest United States A dish consisting of shredded beef with scrambled eggs, and optionally other ingredients such as onions and chili peppers.
Matzah brei Savory Ashkenazi Jewish Matzo fried with eggs.
Menemen Savory Turkey A popular traditional Turkish dish[42] which includes eggs, tomato, green peppers, and spices such as ground black and red pepper cooked in olive oil.
Meringue Sweet France, Switzerland Traditionally made from whipped egg whites and sugar, and occasionally an acidic ingredient such as lemon, vinegar, or cream of tartar.
Migas Savory Mexico, Tex-Mex A dish consisting of corn and flour tortillas mixed with other ingredients, which frequently include eggs.
Mish-mash Savory Bulgaria A spring dish made with fresh vegetables (typically tomatoes, peppers and onions), eggs and sirene.
Mirza-Qasemi Savory Iran An egg-bound dish based on tandoori or grilled aubergine, and seasoned with other ingredients such as garlic, oil, tomato, salt, and pepper.
Nargesi (Spinach Omelette) Savory Iran Made with eggs, fried onion and spinach, and spiced with salt, garlic, and pepper. Named after Narcissus flower.
Nargesi kebab Savory South Asia A kind of Kofta with a chicken egg in the middle. Named after Narcissus flower because when koftas are cut, they look like the flower's petals.
Okonomiyaki Savory Japan An egg-and-flour mix cooked on a griddle with various added ingredients.
Oeuf mayonnaise Savory France A simple French hors d'oeuvre.
Omelette Plain Ancient Persia[43] A dish made from beaten (but not further stirred while cooking) eggs quickly cooked with butter or oil, in a frying pan, sometimes folded around a filling such as cheese, vegetables, meat (often ham), or some combination of the above.
Onsen tamago[44] Plain Japan "Hot-spring eggs", traditional Japanese boiled eggs (tamago) slow-cooked in the water of hot springs (onsen).
Omelette surprise[45] Sweet A dessert similar to a baked Alaska, consisting of a sponge cake covered with ice cream and a layer of beaten egg whites and browned in an oven.
Ovos Moles de Aveiro Sweet Portugal[46] A Portuguese pastry with a filling of egg yolks, sugar, and occasionally chocolate encased within a shell-shaped rice paper or wheat flour casing. Designated a product with Protected Geographical Indication by the European Union.
Œufs en gelée Savory France Poached eggs encapsulated within aspic.[47]
Ovos moles de papaia Sweet Mozambique An egg yolk and papaya pudding.[48]
Oyster omelette Savory China, Taiwan A dish of Hokkien and Teochew origin that is renowned for its savory flavor in its native Chaoshan and Minnan region, along with Taiwan and many parts of Southeast Asia such as the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore due to the influence of the Hokkien and Teochew diaspora. Variations of the dish exist in some southern regions of China.
Panagyurishte-style eggs Savory Bulgaria Poached eggs on a bed of yogurt and sirene, seasoned with butter and paprika.
Pasteis de nata Sweet Portugal A Portuguese egg custard tart pastry, optionally dusted with cinnamon.
Pastel de Tentúgal Sweet Portugal
Pavlova Sweet Australia, New Zealand A cake-shaped block of baked meringue, typically topped with fruit and whipped cream.
Pickled egg Savory Typically hard boiled eggs that are cured in vinegar or brine. Although they originated from the need to preserve food rather than a desire to create a delicacy, pickled eggs are today a popular snack or hors d'œuvre in pubs, bars and taverns.
Poached egg Plain An egg that has been cooked by poaching, in simmering liquid. The term is also applied to a method whereby the egg is placed in a cup, suspended over simmering water, using a special pan called an "egg-poacher".
Queijada Savory or Sweet Portugal
Quiche Savory France Quiche has a pastry crust and a filling of eggs and milk or cream. It can be made with vegetables, meat, or seafood.
Quindim Sweet Brazil A baked dessert, made chiefly from sugar, egg yolks, and ground coconut.
Rafanata Savory Italy A type of frittata made with eggs, horseradish, and pecorino cheese.[49] Variations may include boiled potatoes and sausage.
Refried eggs Savory United States Sliced hard-boiled eggs, refried with or without extra vegetables.
Salted duck egg Savory China A Chinese dish that consists of a duck egg pickled in salt water brine. When cooked, it develops a unique flavor and consistency; the whites are saltier, and the yolk has a creamy texture.
Scalloped eggs[50] Savory United States
Scotch egg Savory United Kingdom A hard-boiled egg wrapped in sausage meat, coated in bread crumbs, and baked or deep-fried.
Scotch woodcock Savory United Kingdom Scrambled eggs on toast topped with anchovy[51]
Scrambled eggs Plain A dish made from beaten egg whites and yolks of (usually chicken eggs). Beaten eggs are put into a hot pot or pan (usually greased) and stirred frequently, forming curds as they coagulate.
Shirred eggs Plain A dish in which eggs are baked in a flat-bottomed dish; the name originates from the type of dish traditionally used to bake the eggs, although they are also known as baked eggs. An alternative cooking method is to crack the eggs into individual ramekins and cook them in a water bath, creating the French dish eggs.
Shakshouka Savory Middle East Poached eggs cooked in tomato and paprika sauce, seasoned with harisa, cumin and salt. Might be served with cheese.
Silog Savory Philippines A class of Filipino breakfast dishes containing sinangag (fried rice) and itlog (egg), served with various meat dishes, such as tapa, longganisa or ham.
Smoked egg Savory China[52] Can be prepared with hard boiled eggs that are then smoked,[53][54] or by smoking uncooked eggs in their shells.[55]
Soufflé Savory or Sweet France A baked egg-based dish originating in France in the early eighteenth century, combined with various other ingredients it can be served as a savory main dish or sweetened as a dessert.
Spanish omelette Savory Spain A dish consisting of a thick egg omelette made with potatoes and fried in olive oil; it is also known as a Spanish tortilla.[56]
Stracciatella (soup) Savory Italy Soup made from thin strands of beaten egg mixture in a meat broth.
Stratta Savory United States The most common modern variant is a brunch dish, made from a mixture which mainly consists of bread, eggs and cheese. It may also include meat or vegetables.
Steak and eggs Savory United States Prepared with beefsteak and eggs. Several variations exist.
Sweet omelette[57] Sweet
Tahu Telur[58][59] Savory Indonesia
Takoyaki Savory Japan A small piece of octopus encased in a round egg mix, developed from akashiyaki.
Tamago kake gohan Savory Japan Raw egg served on plain rice.
Tamagoyaki Savory Japan Made by rolling together several layers of cooked egg, sometimes with sugar, soy sauce, mirin, or other additives.
Tea egg Savory China A typical Chinese savory food commonly sold as a snack, in which a boiled egg is cracked slightly and then boiled again in tea, as well as sauce or spices.
Tokneneng Savory Philippines A tempura-like Filipino street food made by deep-frying orange batter covered hard-boiled chicken or duck eggs.[60]
Trouxas de ovos[61] Sweet Portugal
Tunisian tajine Savory Tunisia A baked egg dish that has a ragout; a starch element is added and it is often served in squares.
Uovo sbattuto Italy A breakfast dish that is sometimes prepared as a drink.
Yemas de San Leandro[62] Sweet Spain
Zabaione Sweet Italy A dessert made from egg yolks, sugar and wine.
Zucchini slice Savory Australia A baked dish of eggs, cheese, and zucchini.[63]

Egg drinks

Name Image Flavor Origin Description
Bombardino Sweet Italy A hot drink made with egg liquor (Vov or Zabov) and rum or brandy, with optional whipped cream on top.
Cocktail Sweet United States Many shaken cocktails, such as the whiskey sour and the pictured Ramos gin fizz, are topped with a thick egg-white foam for aesthetic and textural purposes.
Egg coffee Sweet Vietnam A Vietnamese drink traditionally prepared with egg yolks, sugar, condensed milk and robusta coffee
Eggnog Sweet United States Sweetened dairy-based beverage traditionally made with milk, cream, sugar, whipped egg whites, and egg yolks.
Egg soda Sweet Vietnam A sweet drink made from egg yolk, sweetened condensed milk, and club soda
Flip Sweet United States A shaken cocktail featuring a whole raw egg.
Tamagozake Japan A drink consisting of heated sake, sugar and a raw egg.
Uovo sbattuto Sweet Italy A sweet breakfast dish made of sugar and egg yolks that is often prepared as a coffee drink
Chataamari
Savory Nepal A savory crepe, topped with egg, meat, and vegetables.

See also

References

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