List of earthquakes in Indonesia

This is an incomplete list of more recent recorded major earthquakes that have occurred within the boundaries of Indonesia. The determinants of the activity are indicated by the geology of the region, and the volcanic activity.

Large numbers of earthquakes of smaller magnitude occur very regularly due to the meeting of major tectonic plates in the region. Based on the records of the USGS, Indonesia has had more than 150 earthquakes with magnitude > 7 in the period 1901–2019.

Map of earthquakes in Indonesia 1900–2019
Six of the ten strongest Indonesian earthquakes ≥ 8.3 Mw occurred near Sumatra and along the Java Trench.

Earthquakes

2000–present

Date Region Mag. MMI Fatalities Injuries Comments Notes
2023-01-18 North Maluku 7.0 Mw V Minor damage [1]
2023-01-09 Maluku 7.6 Mw VI 11 Moderate damage [2]
2022-12-03 Java 5.7 Mw IV 2 Slight damage [3]
2022-11-21 Java 5.6 Mw VIII 335-635 7,729 Extreme damage [4]
2022-09-30 Sumatra 5.9 Mw VII 2 25 Moderate damage [5]
2022-02-25 Sumatra 6.1 Mw VIII 27 457 Severe damage
2022-01-14 Java 6.6 Mw VI 10 3,000 buildings damaged [6]
2021-12-14 Flores 7.3 Mw VI 1 97 [7]
2021-10-16 Bali 4.7 Mw IV 4 72 [8]
2021-08-26 Sulawesi 5.5 Mw VII 1 39 [9]
2021-07-26 Sulawesi 6.3 Mw VI 1 [10]
2021-04-11 Java 6.0 Mw V 10 104 [11]
2021-02-03 Sulawesi 4.9 Mw III 1 [12]
2021-01-14 Sulawesi 6.2 Mw VI 105 3,369 [13]
2020-10-27 Sulawesi 5.4 Mw VI 1 [14]
2019-11-12 Maluku 5.0 Mw IV 2 9 Aftershock. [15]
2019-11-04 Molucca Sea 7.1 Mw VII 1 3 [16]
2019-10-10 Maluku 5.2 Mw IV 1 3 Casualties due to damage to a college. [17][18]
2019-09-25 Maluku 6.5 Mw VII 41 1,578 Landslides. [19]
2019-08-02 Java 6.9 Mw VI 8 8 [20]
2019-07-14 North Maluku 7.2 Mw VIII 14 129 [21]
2019-04-12 Sulawesi 6.8 Mw VI 1 [22]
2019-03-17 Lombok 5.5 Mw V 6 182 [23]
2018-11-14 Sulawesi 5.6 Mw VII 7 6 Landslides. [24]
2018-10-10 Java 6.0 Mw V 4 36 [25]
2018-09-28 Sulawesi 7.5 Mw X 4,340 10,679 Major tsunami (up to 11m), more than 600 people missing. [26]
2018-08-19 Lombok 6.9 Mw VII 14 24 Fatalities also in Sumbawa. [27]
2018-08-19 Lombok 6.3 Mw VII 2 3 Aftershock. [28]
2018-08-09 Lombok 5.9 Mw VII 6 24 Aftershock. [29]
2018-08-05 Lombok 6.9 Mw VIII 513 1,353 Widespread damage. [30]
2018-07-29 Lombok 6.4 Mw VIII 20 401 Foreshock. [31][32]
2018-07-21 Sumatra 5.2 MW 1 2 [33]
2018-04-18 Java 4.5 MW 3 21 Buildings damaged in Kalibening District. [34]
2018-01-23 Java 6.0 MW V 2 41
2017-12-15 Java 6.5 Mw VII 4 36
2017-11-18 North Maluku 5.8 Mw VI 1 Moderate damage [35]
2017-10-31 Ambon 6.3 Mw VII 1 [36]
2016-12-07Sumatra6.5 MwIX1041,273Heavy damage in Aceh region.
2016-03-02Sumatra7.8 MwIII
2015-07-28Papua7.0 MwVII1Buildings damaged or destroyed.[37]
2013-07-02Sumatra6.1 Mw43276[38]
2013-04-06 Papua 7.0 Mw VII 3 2 Deaths from landslides. [39][40]
2012-08-18 Sulawesi 6.3 Mw VIII 6 43 Severe damage [41]
2012-04-11Wharton Basin8.2 MwVIDoublet
2012-04-11Wharton Basin8.6 MwVII1012Doublet
2011-10-13 Bali 6.1 Mw V 43 [42]
2011-09-05Sumatra6.7 Mw10[43]
2010-10-25Sumatra7.8 MwVII408Tsunami (local), hundreds missing.
2010-06-16Papua7.0 MwVII17
2010-05-09Sumatra7.2 MwV
2010-04-06Sumatra7.8 MwVIII62
2010-01-10 Java 5.1 Mw V 1 2 [44]
2009-10-01Sumatra6.6 MwVII3Severe damage.[45]
2009-09-30Sumatra7.6 MwVII1,1152,902Tsunami (local)
2009-09-02Java7.3 MwVII791,250Tsunami (local)[46]
2009-02-12Talaud7.2 MwVI64
2009-01-04West Papua7.4 MwVIIDoublet
2009-01-04West Papua7.7 MwVI450+Doublet / tsunami (local)
2008-11-16Sulawesi7.3 MwVII459
2008-02-20Simeulue7.4 Mw425[47]
2007-09-12Sumatra8.4 Mw2388
2007-03-06Sumatra6.3 MwVI
2007-03-06Sumatra6.4 MwVIII68460
2007-01-21Molucca Sea7.5 MwVI4[48]
2006-12-18Sumatra5.8 MwVI7[49]
2006-07-17Java7.7 MwIV6689,299Tsunami (regional)
2006-05-27Java6.4 MwIX5,74938,568Extreme damage
2006-03-14Seram6.7 MwVI4Tsunami (local) (7 m (23 ft))[50]
2005-03-28Sumatra8.6 MwVI1,3141,146
2004-12-26SumatraAndaman9.1–9.3 MwIX227,898Tsunami (basin wide), 167,540 fatalities in Indonesia
2004-11-26Papua7.1 MwVIII32130–213
2004-11-11Alor7.5 MwVIII34400Severe damage[51]
2004-02-07Western New Guinea7.3 MwDoublet / Damage at Nabire[52]
2004-02-05Western New Guinea7.0 MwVI37Doublet[53]
2004-01-01Bali5.8 MwVI129Several thousand buildings damagedNGDC 1972
2003-05-26Halmahera7.0 Mw1[54]
2002-11-02Sumatra7.3 MwVI365
2002-10-10Western New Guinea7.6 Mw8Tsunami (local)[55]
2000-06-04Sumatra7.9 MwVI1032,174
2000-05-04Sulawesi7.6 MwVII46264Tsunami (local)NGDC 1972

1900-1999

Date Region Mag. MMI Fatalities Injuries Comments
1999-12-21Java6.5 MwVII5220
1998-11-29North Maluku7.7 MwIX41171Tsunami
1996-02-17Biak8.1 MwIX166423
1996-01-01Sulawesi7.9 Mw8Tsunami (local)[56]
1995-10-06Sumatra6.8 Mw841868Extreme damageNGDC 1972
1994-06-03Java7.8 MwIV250Tsunami (local)
1994-02-15Sumatra7.0 MwVII2072,000+
1992-12-12Flores7.8 MwIX–X2,500500Tsunami (local)
1989-08-01West Papua6.0 MwVIII120125
1984-11-17Sumatra7.2 MwVII1
1982-12-25Flores5.9 MwVI13390
1981-01-19Papua6.8 ML305Hundreds missing
1979-12-18Bali6.3 MsVIII27200+
1977-08-19Sumba8.3 Mw1801,100Tsunami (local)
1976-07-14Bali6.5 MsIX5734,750
1976-06-25Papua7.1 MwX422Landslides, thousands missing
1968-10-14Sulawesi7.4 ML213
1965-01-24Sanana8.2 Mw71
1950-06-12Java6.6 MwVII16[57]
1943-06-08Sumatra7.2 MwDoublet
1943-06-09Sumatra7.5 MwDoublet
1943-07-23Java7.0 MwVIII2132,096Severe damageNGDC 1972
1943-04-01Java7.1 MwVIISevere[58]
1938-02-01Banda Sea8.5-8.6 MwVIITsunami (local)
1935-12-28Sumatra7.7 MwVIIITsunami (local)
1933-06-24Sumatra7.7 MsIX76+Heavy damage. Volcanic eruption triggered.
1931-09-25 Sumatra 7.3 Mw Tsunami (Local)
1926-06-28West Sumatra7.6 MLVII354
1917-01-20Bali6.6 MsIX1,500Landslides
1907-01-04Sumatra8.2–8.4 MwVIII2,188Tsunami (regional)

1629-1899

Date Region Mag. MMI Fatalities Injuries Comments
1899-09-30Seram7.8 Ms3,864Tsunami (local)
1898-01-06Ambon126300+Heavy damage[59]
1867-06-10Java7.8 MwIX700Severe damage
1861-02-16Sumatra8.5 Mw2,000+
1852-11-25Banda Sea8.3 MsIX60+Severe damage / tsunami (regional)NGDC 1972
1843-01-05Sumatra7.3 MsXIManySevere damage / tsunami (local)NGDC 1972
1834-10-10Java7.0-7.7 MwIX5[60]
1833-11-25Sumatra8.8–9.2 MwNumerousTsunami (local)
1820-12-29 Flores Sea 7.5 Mw 500 Tsunami [61]
1815-11-22Bali7.0 Ms10,253TsunamiNGDC 1972
1797-02-10Sumatra8.4 MwNumerousTsunami (local)
1780-01-22Java7.0-8.5 MwX-XISevere Damage[60]
1699-01-05Batavia (Jakarta)7.4-8.0 MwIX128Severe Damage[62]
1674-02-17AmbonSeram6.8 Ms86135Severe damage / tsunamiNGDC 1972
1629-08-01Banda Sea8.2–8.8 MsTsunami (regional)
Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.
Earthquake damage in Ambon, 1898

See also

References

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Sources

Further reading

  • Reid, Anthony (2015), "History and Seismology in the Ring of Fire", Environment, Trade and Society in Southeast Asia, Brill, pp. 62–77, JSTOR 10.1163/j.ctt1w76vg1.8
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