List of Muslim states and dynasties

This article includes a list of successive Islamic states and Muslim dynasties beginning with the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (570–632 CE) and the early Muslim conquests that spread Islam outside of the Arabian Peninsula, and continuing through to the present day.

The first-ever establishment of an Islamic polity goes back to the Islamic State of Medina, which was established by Muhammad in the city of Medina in 622 CE. Following his death in 632 CE, his immediate successors established the Rashidun Caliphate, which was further succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate and later the Abbasid Caliphate.

While the primary caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties established notable and prominent Islamic empires, such as the Ottoman Empire centered around Anatolia, the Safavid Empire of Persia, and the Mughal Empire in India.

Middle East and North Africa

Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria)

Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

  • Qarmatians (899–1077)
  • Uyunid Kingdom (1076–1253)
  • Usfurid (1253–1320)
  • Jarwanid (1305–1487)
  • Jabrids (1480–1570)
  • Bani Khalid (1669–1796)
  • House of Khalifa (1783–present)

Qatar

Kuwait

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Regional

North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

Algeria

Egypt

Tunisia

Morocco

Libya

Horn of Africa

Somalia

  • Sultanate of Showa (896-1285)
  • Sultanate of Ifat (1185–1415)
  • Adal Sultanate (1415–1555)
  • Isaaq Sultanate (1750–1884)
  • Habr Yunis Sultanate (1769-1907)
  • Zeila Emirate (1415–1420)
  • Harla Kingdom (501-1500)
  • Sultanate of Dawaro (915-1329)

Ethiopia

  • Harla Kingdom (501-1500)
  • Sultanate of Showa (896–1285)
  • Sultanate of Dawaro (915-1329)
  • Sultanate of Bale (1200-1324)
  • Sultanate of Arababni (1200–1314)
  • Hadiya Sultanate (1200–1495)
  • Sultanate of Ifat (1285–1415)
  • Fatagar (1400-1650)
  • Adal Sultanate (1415–1577)
  • Sultanate of Harar (1526–1577)
  • Imamate of Aussa (1557–1672)
  • Emirate of Harar (1647–1887)
  • Sultanate of Aussa (1734–present)
  • Isaaq Sultanate (1750–1884)
  • Habr Yunis Sultanate (1769-1907)
  • Wollo Kingdom (1760–1896)
  • Kingdom of Gimma (1770–1902)
  • Kingdom of Gumma (1770–1902)
  • Kingdom of Jimma (1790–1932)
  • Gobaad Sultanate (1800–present)
  • Kingdom of Limmu-Ennarea (1801–1890)
  • Kingdom of Gera (1835–1887)

Eritrea

Djibouti

Persian Plateau

Iran

Shah Ismail I, founder of Safavid dynasty

Anatolia (Turkey)

Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

Azerbaijan

Armenia

Georgia

Caucasus

Afghanistan

Indian subcontinent

Bangladesh

Pakistan

India

Southern Europe

Spain & Portugal

  • Emirate of Cordoba (756–929)
  • Caliph of Cordoba (929-1031)
  • Taifa of Arjona (1232-1244)
  • Taifa of Barcelona (716-801)
  • Taifa of Baeza (1224-1226)
  • Taifa of Ceuta (1026-1079)
  • Taifa of Constantina and Hornachuelos (1143-1150)
  • Taifa of Guadix and Baza (1145-1151)
  • Taifa of Saltes and Huelva (1012-1051)
  • Taifa of Jaen (1145-1168)
  • Taifa of Lérida (1039-1046,1102-1110)
  • Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto (1086-1092)
  • Taifa of Orihuela (1239-1249)
  • Taifa of Purchena (1145-1150)
  • Taifa of Segura (1147-1150)
  • Taifa of Tortosa (1010-1099)
  • Taifa of Tejada (1146-1150)
  • Taifa of Valencia (1010-1238)
  • Taifa of Alpuente (1009–1106)
  • Taifa of Badajoz (1009–1151)
  • Taifa of Morón (1010–1066)
  • Taifa of Toledo (1010–1085)
  • Taifa of Tortosa (1010–1099)
  • Taifa of Arcos (1011–1145)
  • Taifa of Almería (1010–1147)
  • Taifa of Denia (1010–1227)
  • Taifa of Valencia (1010–1238)
  • Taifa of Murcia (1011–1266)
  • Taifa of Albarracín (1012–1104)
  • Taifa of Zaragoza (1013–1110)
  • Taifa of Granada (1013–1145)
  • Taifa of Carmona (1013–1150)
  • Taifa of Santa María de Algarve (1018–1051)
  • Taifa of Mallorca (1018–1203)
  • Taifa of Lisbon (1022–1093)
  • Taifa of Seville (1023–1091)
  • Taifa of Niebla (1023–1262)
  • Taifa of Córdoba (1031–1091)
  • Taifa of Mértola (1033–1151)
  • Taifa of Algeciras (1035–1058)
  • Taifa of Ronda (1039–1065)
  • Taifa of Silves (1040–1151)
  • Taifa of Málaga (1073–1239)
  • Taifa of Molina (c. 1080's–1100)
  • Taifa of Lorca (1228–1250)
  • Taifa of Menorca (1228–1287)
  • Emirate of Granada (1228–1492)

France

Umayyad Caliph of Cordova

Italy

Gibraltar

  • Gibraltar Maghreb (711-1462)

West and East Africa (West and East Africa, Sahel)

Sudan, South Sudan

Mauritania

Niger

  • Dendi Kingdom (1591–1901)
  • Sultanate of Agadez (1449–1900)
  • Sultanate of Damagaram (1731–present)
  • Dosso kingdom (1750–present)
  • Sultanate Maradi (1807–present)
  • Tera Kingdom (1700–present)
  • Kokoro Kingdom (1700–1901)
  • Goure Kingdom (1700–1960)
  • Dargol Kingdom (1700–1901)
  • Emirate of Say (1825-1860)

Nigeria

  • Bornu Empire (1380–1893)
  • Sokoto Caliphate (1804–1903)
  • Hausa Kingdoms (1696–1831)
  • Nupe Kingdom (1531–1872)
  • Biu Kingdom (1535–1740)
  • Gadawur Kingdom (1421–1807)
  • Biram Kingdom (1110–1808)
  • Kingdom of Ila Orangun (1680–present)
  • Iwo Kingdom (1415–present)
  • Kingdom of Kano (999–1349)
  • Sultanate of Kano (1350–1805)
  • Sultanate of Kebbi (1515–1831)
  • Yauri Kingdom (1400–1799)
  • Zamfara Kingdom (1200–1804)
  • Zaria Kingdom (1200–1896)
  • Osogbo Kingdom (1760–present)
  • Ede Kingdom (1858–present)
  • Suleja Emirate (1804–present)
  • Adamawa Emirate (1809–present)
  • Agaie Emirate (1832–present)
  • Bade Emirate (1818–present)
  • Bashar Emirate
  • Bauchi Emirate (1805–present)
  • Bida Emirate (1856–present)
  • Biu Emirate (1740–present)
  • Birnin Gwari
  • Borgu Emirate (1730–present)
  • Borno Emirate (1902–present)
  • Damaturu Emirate (2004–present)
  • Daura Emirate (1778–present)
  • Dikwa Emirate (1901–present)
  • Fika Emirate (1806–present)
  • Gobir Kingdom (1694–1800)
  • Gobir Emirate (1800–present)
  • Gombe Emirate (1804–present)
  • Gujba Emirate (2000–present)
  • Gumel Emirate (1750–present)
  • Gusau Emirate (1997–present)
  • Gwandu Emirate (1849–present)
  • Hadejia Emirate (1808–present)
  • Ohinoyi of Ebiraland (1904–present)
  • Ilorin Emirate (1824–present)
  • Jajere Emirate (2000–present)
  • Jama'are Emirate (1811–present)
  • Jema'a Emirate (1810–present)
  • Kano Emirate (1805–present)
  • Katagum Emirate (1807–present)
  • Katsina Emirate (1903–present)
  • Kazaure Emirate (1819–present)
  • Kebbi Emirate (1849–present)
  • Keffi Emirate (1802–present)
  • Kontagora Emirate (1858–present)
  • Koton Karifi (1800–present)
  • Lafia Emirate (1650–present)
  • Lafiagi Emirate (1975–present)
  • Lapai Emirate (1825–present)
  • Lere Emirate (1808–present)
  • Machina Emirate
  • Misau Emirate (1850–present)
  • Mubi Emirate (1805–present)
  • Muri Emirate (1817–present)
  • Nasarawa Emirate (1835–present)
  • Ningi Emirate (1827–present)
  • Pategi Emirate (1897–present)
  • Potiskum Emirate (1809–present)
  • Tula Chiefdom (2003–present)
  • Rano Emirate (1819–present)
  • Rano Kingdom (523–1819)
  • Yauri Emirate (1799–present)
  • Zamfara Emirate (1804–present)
  • Zazzau Emirate (1808–present)
  • Agbede (1880–present)
  • Ajasse Ipo (1749–present)
  • Ado-Odo Kingdom (1494–present)
  • Auchi (1819–present)
  • Kaiama Emirate (1770–present)
  • Dutse Emirate (1807–present)
  • Gwoza Emirate (1919–present)
  • Ibadan (1820–present)
  • Bichi Emirate (2019–present)
  • Gaya Emirate (2019–present)
  • Karaye Emirate (2019–present)
  • Gwanara Emirate (1810–present)
  • Shanga Emirate (1859–present)
  • Wase Emirate (1820–present)
  • Yashikira Emirate (1769–present)
  • Bwari Emirate (1976–present)

Mali

Regional

Cameroon

  • Bafut Kingdom (1750–present)
  • Kotoko kingdom (1450–present)
  • Bamum Kingdom (1394–present)
  • Banyo Kingdom (1830–present)
  • Bibemi Sultanate (1770–present)
  • Garoua Sultanate (1810–present)
  • Kontcha Kingdom (1902–present)
  • Kungi Kingdom (1990–present)
  • Logone-Birni Kingdom (1805–present)
  • Mandara Kingdom (1500–present)
  • Maroua Sultanate (1792–present)
  • N'Gaoundere Sultanate (1836–present)
  • Rey Bouba Sultanate (1804–present)
  • Tibati Lamidate (1810–present)
  • Bankim Kingdom (1760–present)
  • Mboum Kingdom (1800–present)

Benin

Burkina Faso

  • Mossi Kingdom (1095–1898)
  • Wogodogo Kingdom (1182–present)
  • Yatenga Kingdom (1333–present)
  • Tenkodogo Kingdom (1120–present)
  • Bilanga Kingdom (1700–present)
  • Koala Kingdom (1810–present)
  • Nungu Kingdom (1204–present)
  • Pama Kingdom (1600–present)
  • Gurunsi Kingdom (1870–1897)
  • Liptako Kingdom (1810–present)
  • Gwiriko Kingdom (1714–1915)

Chad

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

  • Kong Empire (1690–1913)
  • Kabasarana (1846–1880)
  • Bouna Kingdom (1600–present)

Ghana

  • Dagbon Kingdom (1409–present)
  • Kingdom of Wala (1317–present)
  • Mamprusi (1450–present)
  • Nanumba (1850–present)
  • Gonja kingdom (1564–present)
  • Zabarima Emirate (1860–1897)

Senegambia

Gambia

  • Baro Kingdom (1600–1892)
  • Fuladugu Kingdom (1867–present)
  • Marabout Kingdom (1851–1887)

Guinea

  • Benna Kingdom (1858–1904)
  • Bramaya Kingdom (1800–1883)
  • Dubreka Kingdom (1800–1888)
  • Fuuta Jalon (1726–1912)
  • Kanea Kingdom (1800–1880)
  • Kinsam Kingdom (1850–1894)
  • Koba Kingdom (1700–1898)
  • Landuma Kingdom (1700–1892)
  • Nalu Kingdom (1845–1884)
  • Samburu Kingdom (1700–1892)
  • Solima Kingdom (1850–1894)
  • Timbi Tunni Kingdom (1800–1890)

Guinea Bissau

Togo

  • Kotokolia (1785–present)
  • Tchamba (1750–present)
  • Bafilo (1700–present)
  • Bassar (1800–present)
  • Cokossi (1750–present)

Sierra Leone

  • Alikalia Kingdom (1817–1898)
  • Biriwa Chiefdom (1800–present)
  • Dembelia Sikunia (1850–present)
  • Imperri Chiefdom (1850–present)
  • Kaiyamba Chiefdom (1884–present)
  • Mande (1800–1919)
  • Nongowa Chiefdom (1820–present)
  • Safroko Limba Chiefdom (1907–present)
  • Susu Kingdom (1806–1892)
  • Kingdom of Koya (1505–1908)
  • Ko Fransa Kingdom (1700–1859)
  • Tonko Limba Chiefdom (1836–present)
  • Wonkafong (1794–1890)

East Africa

Tanzania

  • Pemba Sultanate (1550–1829)
  • Hadimu Sultanate (1650–1873)
  • Unyanyembe Kingdom (1727–present)
  • Kilindi dynasty (1750-Present)
  • Tumbatu Sultanate (1800–1865)
  • Ujiji Sultanate (1800–present)
  • Sultanate of Zanzibar (1856–1964)
  • Uhehu Sultanate (1860–1962)

Kenya

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Malawi

  • Yao Chieftain (*1500–present)
  • Jumbes of Nkhotakota (1840-1894)

Mozambique

  • Angoche Sultanate (1485–1910)
  • Kitangonya Sheikhdom (1750–1906)
  • Sankul Sheikhdom (1753–1910)

Indian Ocean Region

Maldives

  • Sultanate of Maldives (1153–1968)
    • Sultanate of Mogadishu (1150-1300)
    • Theemuge dynasty (1161–1338)
    • Hilaalee dynasty (1388–1558)
    • Utheemu dynasty (1632–1692)
    • Hamavi dynasty (1692)
    • Devadhu dynasty (1692–1701)
    • Isdhoo dynasty (1701–1704)
    • Dhiyamigili dynasty (1704–1759, 1766–1773)
    • Huraa dynasty (1759–1766, 1774–1968)

Mayotte

Comoros

  • The Sultanate of Ndzuwani (1711-1912)
  • The Sultanate of Ngazidjia (1400-1912) Sultanate of Bambao
  • The Sultanate of Mwali (1830-1909)
  • The Sultanate of Bajini (1500-1889)
  • The Sultanate of Itsandra (1400-1886)
  • The Sultanate of Mitsamihuli
  • The Sultanate of Washili
  • The Sultanate of Hambuu
  • The Sultanate of Hamahame
  • The Sultanate of Mbwankuu
  • The Sultanate of Mbude
  • The Sultanate of Domba

Madagascar

Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)

Ukraine, Moldova

Romania, Bulgaria

Greece

Albania

Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)

Central Asia, East Asia

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan)

China

Southeast Asia

Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia

Philippines

Approximate extent of the Muslim Sultanates in the Philippines

Thailand

See also

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