List of German cheeses

Cheeses have played a significant role in German cuisine, both historically and in contemporary times. Germany has by far the highest variety of cheeses worldwide with 9,500 cheeses coming from Germany. Cheeses are incorporated in the preparation of various dishes in German cuisine.[1] Germany's cheese production comprises approximately one-third of the total for all European-produced cheeses.[1]

Bavarian Obatzda, made from camembert, butter, onions and spices

German cheeses

Allgäuer Bergkäse


  • Altenburger Ziegenkäse – a soft cheese from cow's milk and goat's milk with caraway seeds in the cheese dough. The surface is covered with white Camembert mould. Because of its protected designation of origin, the cheese may only be produced in the districts of Altenburger Land, Burgenland and Leipzig and the independent city of Gera.


Cambozola cheese
  • Backstein – similar to Limburger, it is processed in a brick shape.[3]
  • Bergader - similar to Italian Gorgonzola or French Roquefort.
  • Bonifaz – a soft, white mold cheese.[4][5][6]
  • Butterkäse – translated as "butter cheese" in German, it is a semi-soft, cow's milk cheese that is moderately popular in Germanic Europe, and occasionally seen throughout the rest of the world.


  • Cambozola – patented and industrially produced for the world market by large German company Champignon in the 1970s. The cheese was invented circa 1900 and is still produced by Champignon. In English-speaking countries, Cambozola is often marketed as Blue brie. It is a “hybrid” of Camembert and Gorgonzola cheeses, hence the name.


  • Edelpilzkäse – Edelpilzkäse is a fine blue-veined cheese with a pale ivory paste. It is similar to Roquefort, but milder because it is made with cow's milk. Edelpilzkäse is made by mixing cow's milk with Penicillium spores. The mold grows within the cheese, giving the cheese the internal blue veining traveling vertically throughout and a tangy flavor. It is available in 45%, 50%, and 60% fat level.



  • Kochkäse – a runny sour milk cheese similar to French Cancoillotte. It is made from quark, butter, soda, salt and caraway seeds.


Limburger and bread


  • Milbenkäse – a specialty cheese made from quark and produced using the action of cheese mites. Historically, the cheese was produced in the Saxony-Anhalt/Thuringia border region of Zeitz and Altenburg districts; today it is produced exclusively in the village of Würchwitz, in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. Mites clinging to the cheese rind are consumed along with the cheese.



  • Obatzda – a Bavarian cheese delicacy prepared by mixing two thirds aged soft cheese, usually Camembert (Romadur or similar cheeses may be used as well) and one third butter.


German Quark in its usual creamy form
  • Quark - a fresh, mild cheese, in Germany, quark is sold in small plastic tubs and usually comes in three different varieties, Magerquark (lean quark, virtually fat-free), "regular" quark (20% fat in dry mass) and Sahnequark (creamy quark, 40% fat in dry mass) with added cream. In addition to that, quark is sold lightly sweetened with a variety of fruits as a dessert (similar to yoghurt).


  • Rauchkäse – a German variety of smoked cheese, known for being semi-soft with a smoky brown rind.[14] The most famous variety is Bruder Basil,[14] named for dairy entrepreneur Basil Weixler.
  • Romadur – This is a cow's milk cheese with pungent flavor.[15] It is one of the most popular cheeses in Germany.[15]


  • Spundekäs – a spiced cream cheese, originally from the region of Northern Rhenish Hesse. Nowadays, it is often enjoyed in the areas of Rhenish Hesse and the Rheingau area. It is especially popular in wine houses in the region, served with soft pretzels, accompanying regional wine. It is classically made of cream cheese and quark, and seasoned with salt, pepper and paprika. It is somewhat similar to Obatzda.



Weißlacker, with paprika
  • Weißlacker – (German for "whitewashed" due to the rind color) or Beer cheese is a type of cow's milk cheese that originated in Germany, but is now known worldwide. It is a pungent and salted surface-ripened cheese that starts out much like brick cheese.


  • Ziegel – prepared from cow's milk.[17]

See also


  1. Ehlers, S.; Hurt, J. (2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Cheeses of the World. complete idiot's guide to--. Alpha Books. pp. 113–115. ISBN 978-1-59257-714-9. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  2. Herbst, Sharon T.; Herbst, Ron (2010). The Cheese Lover's Companion: The Ultimate A-to-Z Cheese Guide with More Than 1,000 Listings for Cheeses and Cheese-Related Terms. HarperCollins. p. 60. ISBN 0062011553
  3. German Cooking: Five Generations of Family Recipes - Eleanor A. Hinsch. p .10.
  4. Country Life
  5. Eating Your Words: 2000 Words to Tease Your Taste Buds
  6. The Friends of Wine
  7. Food Dictionary: handkäse cheese
  8. Fond o'Foods website. Accessed March 17, 2009.
  9. Janet Fletcher, "Cheese Course: Hirtenkäse fans party when the cows come home," San Francisco Chronicle, February SF Gate website. Accessed March 17, 2009.
  10. German Deli site. Accessed March 17, 2009.
  11. Barbara Adams, "Cheese and Wine Pairing Recipe: Hirtenkäse Cheese and Gewürztraminer Wine," found at Barbara Adams' Beyond Wonderful website Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed March 17, 2009.
  12. German Cooking: Five Generations of Family Recipes - Eleanor A. Hinsch. p. 16.
  13. United States Department of Agriculture (1949). Agriculture Handbook. Agriculture Handbook. U.S. Department of Agriculture. p. 84. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  14. Encyclopedia of Cheese,
  15. Cheese For Dummies – Culture Magazine
  16. Fox, Patrick. Cheese: Chemistry, Physics and Microbiology. p. 200.
  17. German Cooking: Five Generations of Family Recipes - Eleanor A. Hinsch. p. 24.
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