List of British cheeses

This is a list of cheeses from the United Kingdom. The British Cheese Board (now part of Dairy UK) states that "there are over 700 named British cheeses produced in the UK."[1] British cheese has become an important export.[2]

A wedge of unpasteurised West Country Cheddar cheese, made in Somerset (with Protected Designation of Origin.)

Blue cheeses

Blue cheese is a general classification of cow's milk, sheep's milk, or goat's milk cheeses that have had cultures of the mould Penicillium added so that the final product is spotted or veined throughout with blue, blue-grey or blue-green mould, and carries a distinct savour, either from the mould or various specially cultivated bacteria.

Stichelton
  • Barkham Blue  creamy and rich blue cheese with a mouldy rind.[3]
  • Beenleigh Blue  thin-rinded, unpressed soft blue cheese made from organic unpasteurised ewe's milk produced in Ashprington, Devon County, England.[4][5]
  • Birdwood Blue Heaven[6]
  • Blacksticks Blue[6]
  • Blissful Blue Buffalo[6]
  • Blue Monday  named after the song by New Order, it is a cube-shaped cheese.[7]
  • Brighton Blue  mellow creamy blue cheese using cow milk
  • Buxton Blue (Protected Designation of Origin, currently produced by Hartington Creamery, Derbyshire)[8]
  • Cheshire Blue[9]
  • Cornish Blue  from Cornwall in the United Kingdom, and is made by the Cornish Cheese Company at Upton Cross.
  • Devon Blue  a creamy blue cheese made by the Ticklemore Cheese Company using pasteurised cows milk, it is aged for four months.[10]
  • Dorset Blue Vinney (Protected Geographical Indication)[11]  a traditional blue cheese made near Sturminster Newton in Dorset, England, from skimmed cows' milk. It is a hard, crumbly cheese.
  • Dovedale (Protected Designation of Origin)  a full-fat semi-soft blue-veined cheese made from cow's milk, produced in the Peak District.
  • Exmoor Blue (Protected Geographical Indication)[6]
  • Harbourne Blue – has a crumby, dense and firm texture with 48% fat content.[12] It is a goat's cheese produced by Robin Congdon at Ticklemore Cheese Company in Devon,[13] near Totnes. It is made by hand using local milk.
  • Isle of Wight Blue[14]
  • Lanark Blue  Scottish blue cheese made from pasteurised sheep's milk.[15]
  • Lymeswold was an English cheese variety that is no longer produced. The cheese was a soft, mild blue cheese with an edible white rind,[16] much like Brie, and was inspired by French cheeses. Production ceased in 1992.
  • Oxford Blue[17]
  • Renegade Monk – an English, ale-washed, soft blue cheese made by Feltham's Farm from organic cow's milk. Winner of the Best British Cheese award at the 2020 Virtual Cheese Awards[18]
  • Shropshire Blue  blue cheese made from pasteurised cows' milk that is prepared using vegetable rennet.
  • Stichelton  English blue cheese similar to Blue Stilton cheese, except that it does not use pasteurised milk or factory-produced rennet.[19]
  • Stilton (Protected Designation of Origin)  English cheese, produced in two varieties: the blue variety is known for its characteristic strong smell and taste. The lesser-known white Stilton cheese is a milder, semi-soft cheese.
  • Blue Wensleydale  crumbly, moist cheese produced in Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England.
  • Yorkshire Blue[20]

Hard cheeses

Granular cheese, or hard cheese, refers to a wide variety of cheeses produced by repeatedly stirring and draining a mixture of curd and whey. Some hard cheeses are aged for years.

Swaledale cheese
  • Ashdown Foresters  cow's milk hard cheese made in England with a sweet, nutty flavour.
  • Caerphilly  light-coloured (almost white), crumbly cheese made from cow's milk, with a fat content around 48%. It has a mild taste, accented with slightly sour tang.
  • Cheddar  relatively hard, pale yellow to off-white (unless coloured with additives), and sometimes sharp-tasting. Originating in the English village of Cheddar in Somerset,[21] cheeses of this style are produced in many countries around the world.
  • Cheshire  dense and crumbly cheese produced in the English county of Cheshire and four neighbouring counties, two in Wales (Denbighshire and Flintshire) and two in England (Shropshire and Staffordshire).
  • Duddleswell  hard creamy cheese with a nutty flavor.[6]
  • Dunlop cheese  mild 'sweet-milk cheese' from Dunlop in East Ayrshire, Scotland,[22] resembling a soft Cheddar cheese in texture.
  • Hereford Hop  firm cheese with a rind of toasted hops.[23]
  • Lancashire  cow's-milk cheese from the county of Lancashire, in three distinct varieties: young 'Creamy Lancashire' and mature 'Tasty Lancashire' are produced by a traditional method, whereas 'Crumbly Lancashire' (locally known as 'Lancashire Crumbly' ) is a more recent creation suitable for mass production.
  • Lincolnshire Poacher  hard unpasteurised cow's milk cheese generally made in cylinders, with a rind resembling granite.[24] It is made on Ulceby Farm, in Lincolnshire, England, by craft cheesemaker Richard Tagg.
  • Red Leicester  English cheese made in a similar manner to Cheddar cheese, although it is crumblier. Since the 18th century, it has been coloured orange by adding annatto extract during manufacture.
  • Staffordshire (Protected Designation of Origin)  crumbly white cheese from the county of Staffordshire.
  • Swaledale (Protected Designation of Origin)  full fat hard cheese produced in the town of Richmond in Swaledale, North Yorkshire, England.[25]
  • Teviotdale (Protected Geographical Indication)  produced from the milk of Jersey cattle, although there are no known current producers of this cheese. It is a full fat, hard cheese produced in the area of Teviotdale on the border lands between Scotland and England, within 90 km from the summit of Peel Fell in the Cheviot Hills.[26]
  • Y Fenni  variety of Welsh cheese, consisting of Cheddar cheese blended with mustard seed and ale. It has a firm texture.

Semi-hard cheeses

Cheeses that are classified as semi-hard to hard include Cheddar. Cheddar is one of a family of semi-hard or hard cheeses (including Cheshire and Gloucester), whose curd is cut, gently heated, piled, and stirred before being pressed into forms.

Cornish Yarg prepared with wild garlic
  • Coquetdale  full-fat semi-hard cheese, made from pasteurised cow's milk and vegetarian rennet.
  • Cornish Yarg  semi-hard cow's milk cheese made in Cornwall from the milk of Friesian cows. Before being left to mature, this cheese is wrapped in nettle leaves to form an edible, though mouldy, rind.
    • Wild Garlic Yarg
  • Cotswold  made by blending chives and spring onions into Double Gloucester. The orange cheese is coloured similarly to Cotswold stone.
  • Derby  mild, semi-firm British cow's milk cheese made in Derbyshire with a smooth, mellow texture and a buttery flavour.
    • Little Derby  Derby-style cheese made outside Derbyshire, similar in flavour and texture to Cheddar, but without the annatto colouring used in Derby cheese.
    • Sage Derby  variety of Derby cheese that is mild, mottled green and semi-hard, and has a sage flavour. The colour is from sage and sometimes other colouring added to the curds, producing a marbling effect and a subtle herb flavour.
  • Gloucester cheese  traditional unpasteurised, semi-hard cheese which has been made in Gloucestershire, England, since the 16th century, at one time made only with the milk of the once nearly extinct Gloucester cattle. There are two types of Gloucester cheese: Single and Double; both are traditionally made from milk from Gloucestershire breed cows farmed within the English county of Gloucestershire.
  • Keltic Gold  Cornish semi-hard cheese dipped in cider. The milk comes from Trewithen Dairy and the cider from Cornish Orchards.
  • Red Windsor  pale cream English cheddar cheese, made using pasteurised cow's milk marbled with a wine, often a Bordeaux wine or a blend of port wine and brandy.
  • Wensleydale  also produced as a blue cheese, and with many variants that include additions such as cranberries or ginger.

Soft and semi-soft cheeses

Semi-soft cheeses have a high moisture content and tend to be blander in flavour compared to harder cheeses.

Tintern cheese
White Stilton cheese, prepared with blueberries
  • Bath Soft Cheese[6]
  • Beacon Fell traditional Lancashire (Protected Designation of Origin)  semi-soft cheese prepared with cow's milk that is produced in the region of Lancashire.[28]
  • Bonchester (Protected Designation of Origin)   Scottish soft cheese made from cow's milk, produced at Bonchester Bridge, Roxburghshire.
  • Brie  soft cow's milk cheese named after Brie, the French region from which it originated.
    • Cornish Brie  type of brie-style, soft, white rinded cheese from Cornwall in the United Kingdom.
    • Somerset Brie
  • Caboc  Scottish cream cheese, made with double cream or cream-enriched milk. This rennet-free cheese is formed into a log shape and rolled in toasted pinhead oatmeal, to be served with oatcakes or dry toast.
  • Chevington  cow's milk cheese, made in Northumberland, England, by the Northumberland Cheese Company. It is semi-soft and mould-ripened.
  • Crowdie  low-fat Scottish cream cheese. The cheese is often eaten with oatcakes, and recommended before a ceilidh as it is said to alleviate the effects of whisky-drinking. The texture is soft and crumbly, the taste slightly sour.
  • Fine Fettle Yorkshire  formerly named Yorkshire Feta; a sheep's milk cheese.
  • Oxford Isis – full fat soft cheese with honey-mead washed rind.[29]
  • Parlick Fell  white cheese made from ewe's milk with a semi-soft, crumbly texture and a tangy, nutty flavour.[30]
  • Renegade Monk – an English, ale-washed, soft blue cheese made by Feltham's Farm from organic cow's milk. Winner of the Best British Cheese award at the 2020 Virtual Cheese Awards[18]
  • Stinking Bishop  award-winning, washed-rind cheese produced since 1994 by Charles Martell and Son at Hunts Court Farm, Dymock, Gloucestershire, in the south west of England.
  • Sussex Slipcote  fresh cheese made from ewe's milk by the High Weald Dairy in West Sussex, England.
  • Tesyn  soft Cornish goat's milk cheese.
  • Tintern  soft, blended mature creamy Cheddar cheese flavoured with fresh chives and shallots.
  • Tunworth  soft, nutty cheese.
  • Waterloo  semi-soft, off-white British cheese originating from the Duke of Wellington's estate;[31] made from full-fat, unpasteurised Guernsey milk.[32][33]
  • White Stilton  semi-soft cheese. Some varieties are produced with additions such as blueberries.
  • Whitehaven  white mould-ripened cheese made from pasteurised local goat's milk in Cheshire.[34]

Other

A selection of local cheeses on display at the 2003 Mid-Somerset Show, an agricultural show held annually in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England
Huntsman cheese
  • Allerdale  moist, sweet cheese.[6]
  • Berkswell[6]
  • Brinkburn[35]
  • Caithness[36]
  • Cotherstone[37]
  • Coverdale[38]
  • Croglin[39]
  • Dorstone[40]
  • Farleigh Wallop was created by Alex James and Juliet Harbutt. It is prepared by Peter Humphries in Somerset at White Lake Cheeses.[41]
  • Gallybagger (rarely found outside the Isle of Wight)
  • Goldilocks  mould-ripened soft cheese made from organic Jersey cattle cow's milk.[42]
    • Black Eyed Susan[6]
  • Golden Cross  soft white goat's milk cheese made from the milk of hay-fed goats, it receives a light dusting of charcoal.[43]
  • Grimbister  crumbly, white, cows' milk cheese, similar to Wensleydale, made on Orkney.[44]
  • Gruth Dhu  soft Scottish cheese[45]
  • Harlech[46]
  • Huntsman  combination of Double Gloucester and Stilton.[47]
  • Isle of Mull  Scottish Cheddar cheese made from raw cow milk,[48] produced on the Isle of Mull.
  • Little Wallop[6]
  • Pantysgawn  Welsh goat's milk cheese with a high moisture content and limited shelf life.
  • Suffolk Gold[49]
  • Wiltshire Loaf[50]
  • Wyfe of Bath[51]
  • Village Green Goat[52]

See also

References

  1. "Our Products". Dairy UK. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  2. McGuigan, Patrick (30 April 2015). "How British cheese took over the world (even the French love it)". The Telegraph.
  3. Harbutt 2009, pp. 170–222.
  4. Ridgway 2002, p. 57.
  5. Caldwell 2012, p. 218.
  6. Harbutt 2009.
  7. Harbutt 2009, p. 207.
  8. Buxton Blue
  9. Jenkins 1996, p. 334.
  10. Linford 2008, p. 197.
  11. British Cheese Board – British Protected Name Cheeses
  12. "Harbourne Blue". Cheese.com. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  13. "Matthew Fort's Christmas cheeseboard". Guardian. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  14. Linford 2008, p. 201.
  15. Jenkins 1996.
  16. Southall 1990, p. 260.
  17. Harbutt 2009, p. 160.
  18. "Virtual Cheese Awards 2020: Results". Virtual Cheese Awards. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  19. Nalley, Richard (October 2008). "The Eye". Forbes. Archived from the original on 24 March 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  20. Beeton 2011, p. 175.
  21. Smale, Will (21 August 2006). "Separating the curds from the whey". BBC Radio 4 Open Country. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  22. MacIntosh 1894, p. 265.
  23. Jenkins 1996, p. 349.
  24. Lincolnshire Poacher - Cheese.com
  25. "EU Protected Food Names Scheme UK registered names, National application No: 00613A Swaledale Cheese". Defra, UK Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs. 21 July 2003. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  26. "EU Protected Food Names Scheme UK registered names, National application No: 01313 Teviotdale Cheese". Defra, UK Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs. 21 July 2003. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  27. Wilson 2012, p. 178.
  28. Barham & Sylvander 2011, pp. 190–193.
  29. "Oxford Isis (200g) - the Good Food Network". Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  30. Parlick Fell at the British Cheese Board
  31. "Cheese List". Linthwaite House. 19 June 2009. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  32. "Waterloo". elegusto. Archived from the original on 10 September 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  33. Muna Gil, Nadia (17 January 2006). "Anne & Andy Wigmore". Cheesaholics. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  34. Linford 2008, p. 73.
  35. Musschoot 2006, p. 171.
  36. Board of Agriculture 1812, p. RA-1, 78.
  37. Fox et al. 2004, p. 547.
  38. Ridgway 2002, p. 86.
  39. Rose 2008, p. 256.
  40. Linford 2008, p. 49.
  41. Harbutt 2009, p. 182.
  42. Linford 2008, p. 53.
  43. Harbutt 2009, p. 183.
  44. "Grimbister Cheese".
  45. DK Eyewitness 2011, p. 23.
  46. John Brown Contract Publishing, 2004 & 82.
  47. "Huntsman cheese". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 1 February 1995. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  48. Miller & Skinner 2012, p. 144.
  49. Linford 2008, p. 96.
  50. Royal Commission on Agriculture 1895, p. C.-7915.
  51. Harbutt 2009, p. 206.
  52. Linford 2008, p. 180.

Bibliography

Further reading

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