Limbang District

The Limbang District is one of the two districts of Limbang Division, Malaysia. It has a total area of 3,978.10 square kilometres.[1] The major town is Limbang. It has one sub-district, which is Nanga Medamit Sub-District. It borders Brunei Darussalam to the west and east, Lawas District to the southeast and Miri District at the south and southwest. Due to being squeezed in between Brunei at its north and coastal areas, Limbang is accessible by road only by going through immigration posts.

Limbang Districts
District Office locationLimbang
Local area government(s)Majlis Daerah Limbang
  Total3,978.10 km2 (1,535.95 sq mi)
  Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
District OfficerAnyi Ngau
EthnicityBruneian Malay and Kedayan (30.3%), Iban (24.7%), Chinese (21.3%), Others (23.7%)
Historical claimed byBrunei
Map of Limbang District


The area was annexed by Charles Anthoni Johnson Brooke, the second Rajah of Sarawak in 1890 from Brunei to become the fifth division of Sarawak. The annexation was strongly disputed by Brunei.[2]

The de facto boundary ran along the watershed between the Brunei River and Limbang River basins on the western side of the district, and along the length of the Pandaruan River on the eastern side. Boundary agreements have delineated a stretch of the western border[3] and the Pandaruan River[4] while the other stretches have yet to be delineated.

Limbang area is officially claimed since 1967 (it has been claimed since 1880s after the annexation of Limbang by the White Rajah) by Brunei as part of its integral territory.[5] It is the main part of the Brunei–Malaysia border disputes since Limbang separates Brunei territorially into two parts. The issue was said to have been settled in 2009 as has been stated from Bruneian media.[6][7] However, Bruneian Second Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Lim Jock Seng said the issue was never discussed during the meeting of both countries' leaders.[8]


The population of Limbang district (year 2000) was 40,959.


Limbang is traditionally a home to Bruneian Malay, Kedayan, Chinese, Iban, Lun Bawang and Orang Ulu people.

Limbang is the most culturally diverse and distinct part of Sarawak. It is a melting pot of many cultures, including Malay, Kedayan, Chinese, Iban and various Orang Ulu ethnic groups such as Lun Bawang, Bisaya, Murut, Kelabit and Penan. It has one of the highest concentration of Orang Ulu people in Sarawak.

Population of Limbang by Ethnicity[9][10]
Administrative District Total
Bruneian Malay1 Iban Bidayuh Melanau Other
Chinese Other
Limbang 47,000

1 Excluding Kedayan.
2 Including Kedayan and other Orang Ulu such as Lun Bawang, Kelabit, Penan, Murut etc.


The economy is largely based on the timber and agricultural industries. Timber industry remains a strong component of the district's economy. Agriculture is relatively minor although growing steadily, with oil palm, rattan and pepper the main products.



Owing to its geographical location, Limbang is completely cut off from the rest of Sarawak's road network. It is however has good road links to both parts of Brunei located to the east and west of the district. There is also a good local network of roads in the district.

There are two road border crossing checkpoints in Limbang district, both into Brunei.

  • Tedungan: Located 43 km west of Limbang, it is the road crossing into the main part of Brunei from Limbang. The Brunei checkpoint is called Kuala Lurah.
  • Pandaruan: This checkpoint is located 15 km east of Limbang on the Pandaruan River which forms the border between Sarawak and Brunei's Temburong district. The checkpoint on the Brunei side is called Puni.


There are existing small airports that served the division through MASwings namely Limbang Airport in Limbang to Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Lawas and Miri.



Limbang District has five secondary schools: SMK Limbang, SMKA Limbang, SMK Medamit, SMK Seri Patiambun Limbang and SMK Kubong.[11] It has numerous primary schools, mostly scattered around Limbang rural areas.


Limbang has its own hospital which is Hospital Limbang. However, as for surgeries and more critical cases, they are normally referred to Miri Hospital, or to greater extent, Sarawak General Hospital in Kuching.


Limbang District has a police district office. There are also police stations and police bits located at strategic locations, as well as rural areas. Despite being the fourth largest division, Limbang Division so far has no district military bases. This is also true for Limbang District. Only small military camps do exist just to make presence at Limbang district.

Government services

Other government offices have set up their branches in Limbang Districts such as Royal Customs, Fire and Rescue Department, Education Department etc.

See also


  1. "Portal Rasmi Pentadbiran Bahagian Limbang". Retrieved 6 December 2022.
  2. the CIA World Factbook
  3. Ahmad Fauzi, Nordin (2006). "Land and River Boundary Demarcation and Maintenance – Malaysia's Experience" (PDF). Working paper at International Symposium on Land and River Demarcation and Maintenance in Support of Borderland Development. Retrieved 11 April 2008. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. "Agreement between the Government of Brunei and the Government of Sarawak regarding the boundary between the States of Brunei and Sarawak between Limbang and Brunei from the coast to a point west of Bukit Gadong signed by the British Resident, Brunei and the Resident, Fifth Division, Sarawak dated 24 February 1933, covering a distance of 37.0 km" quoted by Ahmad Fauzi Nordin".
  5. R. Haller-Trost (1994). The Brunei-Malaysia Dispute Over Territorial and Maritime Claims in International Law. IBRU. pp. 20–. ISBN 978-1-897643-07-5.
  6. Ubaidillah Masli (17 March 2009). "Brunei drops all claims to Limbang". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 12 July 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  7. 张心意 (4 May 2010). "Border issues between Malaysia, Brunei solved: Official". Xinhua News Agency. People's Daily. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  8. Ubaidillah Masli (18 March 2009). "Limbang issue was never discussed: Pehin Dato Lim". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 15 February 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  9. Sarawak Ethnic Statistic from Sarawak Journal.
  10. Sarawak Ethnic Statistic from Sarawak Journal.
  11. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) from Ministry of Education

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