Lieutenant governor

A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction. Often a lieutenant governor is the deputy, or lieutenant, to or ranked under a governor — a "second-in-command", rather like deputy governor. In Canadian provinces and in the Dutch Caribbean,[1] the lieutenant governor is the representative of the monarch in that jurisdiction, and thus outranks the head of government but for practical purposes has virtually no power.

In India, lieutenant governors are in charge of special administrative divisions in that country.[2]

In the United States, lieutenant governors are usually second-in-command to a state governor, and the actual power held by the lieutenant governor varies greatly from state to state. The lieutenant governor is often first in line of succession to the governorship, and acts as governor when the governor leaves the state or is unable to serve. Also, the lieutenant governor is often the president of the state senate.[3]

In Argentina, lieutenant governors are called "vice governors" and are modeled after the U.S. lieutenant governors, since as their U.S. counterpart the vice governors are the second-in-command to a provincial governor, and are the first in the gubernatorial line of succession. Also, the vice governor usually acts as the president of the provincial senate (or the provincial legislature in unicameral provinces).[4][5]

Lieutenant governors in the former British Empire

Lieutenant governors in the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Lieutenant governors (Dutch: gezaghebber) of the former Dutch constituent country of Netherlands Antilles acted as head of the governing council of the island territories, which formed a level of decentral government until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010. Currently the Netherlands has a lieutenant governor overseeing each of the three special municipalities in the Caribbean NetherlandsSaba, Bonaire, and Sint Eustatius – where their function is similar to a mayor in the European Netherlands.

See also


  1. "Mevrouw Evelina Anthony benoemd tot waarnemend gezaghebber Bonaire" [Ms Evelina Anthony appointed acting Lieutenant of Bonaire]. Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland. Kralendijk, Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands: Government Service of the Caribbean Netherlands. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017.
  2. "lieutenant governor". Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  3. Kettleborough, Charles (1917). "Powers of the Lieutenant-Governor". American Political Science Review. 11 (1): 88–92. doi:10.2307/1944142. ISSN 0003-0554. JSTOR 1944142. S2CID 147306012.
  4. "El Poder Ejecutivo en las Provincias - Derecho Electoral Argentino" (PDF). (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  5. "CONSTITUCIÓN DE LA PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES" (PDF). (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  6. "Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781–1826) – The History of Java; volume 1". Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  7. "Sir Stamford Raffles | British colonial agent". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-15.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Governor". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

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