Kalutara

Kalutara (Sinhala: කළුතර, Tamil: களுத்துறை) or Kalutota is a major city in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is also the administrative capital of Kalutara District. It is located approximately 43 km (27 mi) south of the capital Colombo. The city holds a unique position for one of the four major rivers in Sri Lanka, the Kalu Ganga, which joins the sea at the centre of the city. Kaluthara is known for making rope, baskets, and other articles from the fibre of the coconut palm.[1] The area also produces the Mangosteens, a fruit introduced from Malaysia in the 19th century.[2]

Kalutara
කළුතර
களுத்துறை
Kalutara
Coordinates: 6°35′13″N 79°57′37″E
ProvinceWestern Province
DistrictKalutara District
Divisional SecretariatKalutara Division
Government
  TypeKalutara Urban Council
  ChairmanM. Ameer Nazeer
Population
 (2012)
  Urban
37,081 (Urban Council Area)
  Metro
159,697 (Kalutara Division Area)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time)

Etymology

Caltura Fort (1799), by James Welsh.

Once an important spice-trading centre, the town's name is derived from the Kalu Ganga ('Black River' in native Sinhala). In the 11th Century, the town was temporarily made a capital on the orders of a South Indian Prince. The region was later planted with coconut trees, whose by-products are used for both internal and external trade. The location also boast fortifications (Kalutara fort) dating back from the times when Portuguese, Dutch and British vied for control of the area.

The 38 m (125 ft) long Kalutara Bridge was built at the mouth of the Kalu Ganga River and serves as a major link between the country's western and southern border.

Administration

Kalutara is governed by an Urban Council with a chairman. The council has 20 (since 2018) members, elected by the local government election. The local board of Kalutara was established in 1878. Then in 1923, the local board was succeeded by the Urban District Council.

Demographic

Kalutara is Sinhalese majority city. Muslims are second largest group in the city. There are also small numbers of Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils. Others include Malay and Burger. English is widely understood and can be spoken by the local population.

Ethnicity according to Kalutara urban area (2001)

Ethnicity in Kalutara Urban Area
Population Percent
Sinhalese
70.85%
Muslims
29.10%
Sri Lankan Tamils
0.50%
Indian Tamils
0.20%
Others
0.07%

Source:statistics.gov.lk

Attractions

  • Kalutara or Gangatilaka Vihara was built in the 1960s to the south of the Kalutara Bridge, is Kalutara’s most dominant landmark. The white 3 storeys-high dagoba at Kalutara Vihara is believed to be the only Buddha Stupa in the world which is entirely hollow. It contains a smaller dagoba inside. The interior of the Stupa is decorated with paintings of the Jataka tales about the life of the Buddha.
  • Kalutara Bodhiya is one of the most sacred Buddha Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka. It is one of the 32 saplings of Anuradhapura Sri Maha Bodiya. Kalutara Bodiya is located on Colombo-Galle road.[3]
  • Richmond Castle, Kalutara is a two storey mansion, built in 1896, at Palatota. Richmond Castle is a 42-acre fruit garden estate, originally built for a wealthy regional governor. The architecture is a mix of British and Indian styles, copied from the plans of an Indian Maharaja’s palace designed by a London architect. The building has intricate carvings.
  • Calido beach is a thin strip of preserved land which runs between the Kalu River and the Indian Ocean.
  • Asokaramaya Buddhist Temple is a Buddhist temple built in 1873, in Kalutara north.
  • Kalutara Clock Tower, constructed by Marcus Silva as a memorial for his father, Paul Silva and his mother.

Education

Kalutara has four national schools, eleven provincial schools, two semi-government schools, and three international schools. It also has a branch of Open University of Sri Lanka. A number of the schools and colleges are listed below:

  • Gnanodaya Maha Vidyalaya, Kalutara
  • Holy Cross College, Kalutara
  • Holy Family Convent, Kalutara
  • JMC International College, Kalutara
  • Kalutara Vidyalaya, Kalutara
  • Kalutara Balika Vidyalaya, Kalutara
  • Muslim Central College, Kalutara
  • Tissa Central College, Kalutara

Kalutara Public library is located near the High Court and one of the largest libraries of Sri Lanka.

Infrastructure

Rail

Kalutara has two railway stations, Kalutara North and Kalutara South. Kalutara South is closest to the heart of the Kalutara town. Kalutara south railway station is a major railway hub on the Coastal or Southern Rail Line (connecting Colombo through to Matara).

Road

Kalutara is located on the A2 highway connecting Colombo, via Galle through to Wellawaya via Matara. As a result a large number of bus services pass through the town. It is the main point for bus routes in Kalutara district.

See also

  • Kalutara (disambiguation)
  • Kalutara Urban Council
  • Kalutara District
  • Kalutara prison riots
  • Kalutara Park SC, a Sri Lankan football club
  • Kalutara Physical Culture Centre, a former first class cricket team
  • Kalutara Town Club, a first-class cricket team
  • Kalutara Stadium
  • Surrey Village Cricket Ground, at Maggona, about 10 kilometres south of Kalutara
  • Katukurunda Airport located about 4.5 kilometers south of Kalutara

References

  1. "Kalutara | Geography & History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  2. Gunawardana, C. A. (2003). Encyclopedia of Sri Lanka. New Delhi: Sterlin Publishers Privet Limited. p. 165. ISBN 81-207-2536-0.
  3. "Discovering the Kalutara Bodhiya – A Sacred Tree Rooted in History"
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